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21 CFR Part 11 Electronic Records & Electronic Signatures

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Presentation on theme: "21 CFR Part 11 Electronic Records & Electronic Signatures"— Presentation transcript:

1 21 CFR Part 11 Electronic Records & Electronic Signatures
Svend Martin Fransen Principal Scientist, QS CRS Quality Services Novo Nordisk A/S

2 Contents 21CFR11 history The important aspects of 21CFR11
Equivalent requirements in EU legislation The Novo Nordisk 21 CFR11 compliance project Examples Experiences learned Slide No. 2 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

3 Contents 21CFR11 history The important aspects of 21CFR11
Equivalent requirements in EU legislation The Novo Nordisk 21 CFR11 compliance project Examples Experiences learned Slide No. 3 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

4 Why do we have computers?
It has gradually become common knowledge that knowledge is the most important resource in the business of the future. It is the ability to create new knowledge and the ability to utilize and organize existing knowledge that will be the primary source for obtaining lasting competitive advantages. Peter Holdt Christensen: ”Viden om” – ledelse, viden og virksomheden Slide No. 4 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

5 What is 21CFR11? 21CFR = FDA, Code of Federal Regulations
21CFR58 = GLP 21CFR210 = GMP, Drugs (General) 21CFR211 = GMP, Drugs (Finished Pharmaceuticals) 21CFR312 = Inv. New drug Application (GCP) 21CFR314 = FDA Approval of new drug (GCP) 21CFR6xx = GMP, biologics 21CFR820 = GMP, Devices 21CFR…… = Food, nutrients and cosmetics 21CFR11 = Electronic Records; Electronic Signatures Slide No. 5 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

6 Historic overview A wish from the Industry (use of ES) FDA:
Final Draft i 1994 Final Rule 20.March.1997, effective from 20.Aug.1997 4 draft guidelines, ’Glossary of Terms’, ’Validation’, ’Time stamps’ and ’Maintenance of ER’ GAMP Part 11 guide, published Nov (part 2) PDA ”GERM” guide, published Sep (part 1) PDA ”GERM” guide ’Models’, expected 2003 (part 3) Slide No. 6 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

7 Contents 21CFR11 history The important aspects of 21CFR11
Equivalent requirements in EU legislation The Novo Nordisk 21 CFR11 compliance project Examples Experiences learned Slide No. 7 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

8 21CFR11, Overview Substantive rule from 20 August 1997
Applies to any e-record in any FDA regulated work including legacy systems Criteria for e-records and e-signatures: Trustworthy and reliable E-signatures = hand-written signatures Minimum requirements / fraud prevention Slide No. 8 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

9 Systems not Applications
All definitions and clauses in 21 CFR 11 refer to systems Application is not mentioned IT part of the GXP environment. Do they know? Application Instructions, Manuals, etc. -software Platform Equipment - hardware - system SW Computer system Controlled function Computer based system Working environment COMPUTER RELATED SYSTEM Slide No. 9 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

10 21 CFR Part 11, Basics Electronic records equivalent with paper records Storage, retrieval and copying in full retention period Submitting to FDA Protection of electronic records Security (physical and logical) Validation Audit trail (who did what, when including reason where req.) Permission to use of electronic signature Equivalent with handwritten signatures Name, date and meaning Linking of signature to record Unique for an individual Slide No. 10 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

11 ORA, Compliance Policy Guide CPG 7153.17 (May 1999)
Acknowledging ‘not all older systems fully compliant by Aug 20, 1997’ ‘firms must take steps to achieve full compliance’ ‘Regulatory actions based on case by case evaluation’ ‘FDA auditors should intensify their scrutiny of e-recs’ Calls for firms to have a ‘reasonable timetable’ ‘promptly modify’ any system not in compliance ‘be able to demonstrate progress’ ‘have procedural controls in place by now’ Slide No. 11 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

12 FDA 21CFR11 inspection questions (source: : 21CFR11 Compliance Report, Vol.2, No. 4).
Who is allowed to input data? Who is allowed to change data? How can you tell who entered the data? How do you know which data had been changed? When do you lock down the data input? Can you do the following actions? “Show me some data, show me you can see the history of the data, show me you control the data life cycle.” Is the system validated and are the requirements met? Can you show me the results of the validation activities? Does the validation include: “Pass/fail, signature, date/time stamp”; and “objective evidence - screen prints or page printouts with a link to the direction that generated the output.”? Slide No. 12 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

13 Earlham College, Warning Letter
In addition to the above listed violations, our Investigator noted that the laboratory is using an electronic record system for processing and storage of data from the atomic absorption and HPLC instruments that is not set up to control the security and data integrity in that the system is not password controlled, there is no systematic back-up provision, and there is no audit trail of the system capabilities. The system does not appear to be designed and controlled in compliance with the requirements of 21 CFR, Part 11, Electronic Records. Slide No. 13 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

14 Contents 21CFR11 history The important aspects of 21CFR11
Equivalent requirements in EU legislation The Novo Nordisk 21 CFR11 compliance project Examples Experiences learned Slide No. 14 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

15 EU Annex 11, Computerised Systems Personnel Validation System
Descriptions and SOP’s Change control and configuration management Records; entry, storage, retrieval Audit trail Security and Disaster recovery etc. Slide No. 15 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

16 PIC/S Draft Guidance Good Practices for Computerised Systems in regulated ”GXP” environment Computer System Life cycle, incl. Electronic Records and Signatures Security, and Audit trail Checklists for Inspection Links ISO and IEEE standards, 21CFR11, APV guides, PDA Technical Reports together Slide No. 16 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

17 Quote from PIC/S Guide 21. ELECTRONIC RECORDS AND ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES 21.1 EC Directive 91/356 sets out the legal requirements for EU GMP. The GMP obligations include a requirement to maintain a system of documentation, (Article 9). The main requirements in Article 9.1 are that documents are clear, legible and up to date, that the system of documentation makes it possible to trace the history of manufacture (and testing) of each batch and that the records are retained for the required time. Article 9.2 envisages that this documentation may be electronic, photographic or in the form of another data processing system, rather than written. The main requirements here being that the regulated user has validated the system by proving that the system is able to store the data for the required time, that the data is made readily available in legible form and that the data is protected against loss or damage. Slide No. 17 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

18 Draft Proposal for a Commission Directive (30.Apr.2002)
Amending Commission Directive 91/356/EEC , Laying Down the Principles and Guidelines of Good Manufacturing Practice for Medicinal Products for Human Use "When electronic, photographic or other data processing systems are used instead of written documents, the manufacturer or importer shall have validated the systems by proving that the data will be appropriately stored during the anticipated period of storage. Data stored by these systems shall be made readily available in legible form and shall be provided on demand to the competent authorities. For an investigational medicinal product when electronic, photographic or other data processing systems are used instead of written documents the manufacturer or importer shall have validated the systems to maintain the data during the required period of storage. Data stored by these systems shall be readily available in legible form and shall be provided on demand to the competent authorities." Slide No. 18 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

19 Contents 21CFR11 history The important aspects of 21CFR11
Equivalent requirements in EU legislation The Novo Nordisk 21 CFR11 compliance project Examples Experiences learned Slide No. 19 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

20 21CFR11 Compliance Project
Purpose Assist the units/system owners to prioritise the activities necessary to get in compliance over a limited period of time. Scope All Computer Systems within Novo Nordisk that generate electronic records covered by regulatory requirements from FDA, including the systems that utilise Electronic Signatures Slide No. 20 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

21 Overview of the 21CFR11 compliance project
Development Product Supply Staffs, Quality, RA and other 21CFR11 project No. of systems today = 868 (PS) (Dev.) + 65 (others) = 1152 systems (..and more to come) Slide No. 21 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

22 21CFR11 Compliance Project
Tasks Secure cGxP for 21CFR11 at Novo Nordisk Maintain corporate policy and interpretations Responsible for project QAP reporting Participate in external groups as NN representatives Distribute knowledge to organisation through Training (short courses and Site specific) Knowledge and guidance database Project web page Guidelines Slide No. 22 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

23 Guidance database -web-enabled
Slide No. 23 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

24 Activities in relation to Part 11
Identify and register systems (overview) Prioritise systems Evaluate ”high-risk” systems Evaluate ”medium- and low-risk” systems Evaluate corrections/solutions Prepare implementation plan ”Quick fixes” ”Full compliance, technical and procedural Implement solutions Slide No. 24 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

25 Prioritisation of systems
Regulatory Risk GxP, support systems (20) Medium risk High risk Other GxP critical, systems (11) Y Low risk Medium risk Non-GxP systems (17) X Factor, based on: No. of records generated by the system, no. of users, frequency of use and system complexity Slide No. 25 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

26 Gradual achievement of compliance
40 20 Phase 2 20 Phase 1 20 60 50 20 Phase 1: Implement Site and system procedures Phase 2: Technology based solutions, etc. Slide No. 26 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

27 Deliverables from common workgroups
Evaluation of the system (gap-analysis) for technical issues Evaluation of possible solutions Recommendations and other input from supplier(s) Recommended solutions, including Draft or example of procedures Description of technical solution Estimated costs Suggested implementation plan Slide No. 27 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

28 Example Progress Follow Up LL K L J LLL = On track
Site System registration QA approved System evaluation on track Implementation plan preparation on track A LL K L B J C D E LLL F G H I Example = On track = Ensure no further delay = Take action to catch up Slide No. 28 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

29 Examples of Pilot projects in production area
Kaye Validator SCADA (Fix32) Filter testing equipment (PALL) Instron (replacement for..) PE laboratory equipment (UV/VIS + ..) incl. replacements for..) Usifroid freeze dryer BMS (building monitoring systems) ...more to come (due to standardisation) Slide No. 29 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

30 Contents 21CFR11 history The important aspects of 21CFR11
Equivalent requirements in EU legislation The Novo Nordisk 21 CFR11 compliance project Examples Experiences learned Slide No. 30 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

31 What can go wrong, will ... HPCE (High Pressure Capillary Electrophoresis) Scenario: Replacement of chromatography software to Millennium and setting up an archive installation 7 year old software HW requirements to PC Migration of ER from OS/2 to Win NT Indexation of migrated data ER on tape stored in safe Use of archive installation Training of users SOPs Slide No. 31 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

32 Example for remediation
A hardware solution: Control power supply to individual physical entities in a PC including keyboard and mouse Solution is OS independent User access is controlled via Smart card: User profiles supported by pin code on the ZignX keyboard. Logging of access attempts Further information: Slide No. 32 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

33 Contents 21CFR11 history The important aspects of 21CFR11
Equivalent requirements in EU legislation The Novo Nordisk 21 CFR11 compliance project Examples Experiences learned Slide No. 33 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

34 Conclusions Management commitment pivotal Expensive and complex
Requires highly skilled project management Risk-based prioritisation FDA enforcement becomes tougher and EU is on it’s way (DRAFT PIC/S Guidance) Just do it..! Slide No. 34 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002

35 Problem areas Lack of knowledge in the organisation on
Computer Validation 21 CFR Part 11 Maintenance of computer systems Purchase of non-compliant systems are ongoing ”Part 11 compliant systems” do not exist Administrative controls (= Company policies) Procedural controls (= Company SOP’s) Technical controls (= Supplier SW controls) Slide No. 35 • QS CRS Quality Services / Svend Martin Fransen • 03.Oct.2002


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