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Environmental Issues little extra effort can make a big difference Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, 16.11.2005.

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Presentation on theme: "Environmental Issues little extra effort can make a big difference Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, 16.11.2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 Environmental Issues little extra effort can make a big difference Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam,

2 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Definition - General approach -Changing the chip - Obvious and not so obvious elements - The less addressed issues - Conclusions

3 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Definition

4 environment ANoun 1 environment, environsenvirons, surroundings, surround the area in which something exists or lives; "the country--the flat agricultural surround"surroundingssurround Category Tree: environment, environs, surroundings, surround melting_pothabitat;setting; scenemediumambienceenvironssurroundings surroundmelting_pothabitatsettingscenemediumambience 2 environment the totality of surrounding conditions; "he longed for the comfortable environment of his livingroom" Category Tree: environment streetsphere; domain; area; orbit; field; arenamilieu; surroundingshomesetting; background; scopeecologystreetspheredomainarea orbitfieldarenamilieusurroundingshomesetting backgroundscopeecology Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam,

5 Definition Environment The nongenetic conditions and circumstances that affect a person's conduct and health. Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam,

6 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, General Approach

7 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Environmental Control is focused mainly on Ecology, which is only a part of the Environment concept. Waste control Spills control Energy consumption Sustainable processes Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations to meet their own needs. Environmental Matters include a much wider scope of elements than those regarding the Ecology. Social aspects Noise Visual impact General Approach to Environmental Matters Environmental Matters and Environmental Control

8 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, General Approach to Environmental Matters Implementing the standards The Ecological part of Environmental Control in Yachting is a rather recent phenomenon. Other type of Environment Control are implemented in yacht clubs and marinas since many years ago as result of their own policies. To emphasize tradition values To show might and wealth To establish a social level

9 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, General Approach to Environmental Matters The desired impression

10 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, General Approach to Environmental Matters The desired impression

11 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, General Approach to Environmental Matters The desired impression

12 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Changing the chip

13 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Changing the Chip Implementing the standards Most commercial run marinas tend to implement the environmental (ecological) control regulations just to fulfill the legal impositions.

14 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Changing the Chip Government actions evolution on rules and regulations MOT vehicle technical inspections Brakes, lights and steering to be checked on vehicles older than 10 years (10 year test) age of vehicle reduced to 3 years thorough testing including catalytic converters Full compliance with EC 96/96 Roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers Seat belts first introduced by Volvo in Mandatory in 1967in UK 1972in W Germany 1996EC for all cars and minibuses.

15 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, What is done now creates experience for tomorrow Transmit actively the experience to create awareness Lack of success is no failure Changing the Chip Preparing ourselves

16 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Improving now builds experience for tomorrow Transmitting the experience to create awareness Actively involve users in the actions Lack of success is no failure Changing the Chip Preparing ourselves I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work. Thomas A. Edison

17 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Obvious and not-so-obvious

18 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Waste Spills Noise Emissions Obvious and not so obvious threats The obvious

19 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Structure ( pier, pylons, pipes ) - Choice of material consequent with Env.Control Steel is the vulnerable part of concrete in contact with water. Water permeates and produces corrosion of the steel. This affects structural strength. Near the concrete surface, the rust formation can create cracks exposing the steel core and increasing corrosion in other nearby objects, including yachts. - Use of Carbon Fiber instead of Steel - Application of coatings or additives to prevent erosion and corrosion Obvious and not so obvious The hidden matters to deal with:

20 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Dead weights, anchors, chains Obvious and not so obvious The hidden matters to deal with:

21 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Obvious and Hidden What is hidden or difficult to realize: Dead weights, anchors, chains Helix type anchors

22 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Obvious and Hidden What is hidden or difficult to realize: Rain water Collection for recycling Disposal through sewage network

23 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, The less addressed issues

24 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, The less addressed issues Noise, Light Pollution and Visual Impact: EC regulations being enforced Permanent influence on Human beings Very easy to integrate at design / project state

25 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Noise

26 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, The less addressed issues EC Regulations / Noise European Parliament and Council Directive 2000/14/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States Relating to the Noise Emission in the Environment The future EU strategy for noise policy · 2001 : harmonised methods and EU targets · 2002 : Framework Directive in force · 2006 : harmonised methods in force · : EU targets in force

27 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, The less addressed issues EC Regulations / Noise 10) The level of exposure to noise can be more effectively reduced by incorporating preventive measures into the design of work stations and places of work and by selecting work equipment, procedures and methods so as to give priority to reducing the risks at source. DIRECTIVE 2003/10/EC on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (noise)

28 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, The less addressed issues Spanish Regulations / Noise SPAIN LAW 37/2003, of 17 November 2003, of Noise. Article 1. Subject and purpose The aim of this law is to prevent, watch over and reduce acoustic contamination in order to avoid and reduce the damages that can be caused by such in human health, property or the environment.

29 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, The less addressed issues Spanish Regulations / Noise A los efectos de esta ley, los emisores acústicos ( Acoustic emission sources) se clasifican en: a) Vehículos automóviles. b) Ferrocarriles. c) Aeronaves. d) Infraestructuras viarias. e) Infraestructuras ferroviarias. f) Infraestructuras aeroportuarias. g) Maquinaria y equipos. h) Obras de construcción de edificios y de ingeniería civil. i) Actividades industriales. j) Actividades comerciales. k) Actividades deportivo-recreativas y de ocio (leisure and sport activities) l) Infraestructuras portuarias.( harbor infrastructures)

30 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, The less addressed issues EC Regulations / Recreational Craft DIRECTIVE 2003/44/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT of 16 June 2003 amending Directive 94/25/EC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to recreational craft The propulsion engines on recreational craft and personal watercraft produce exhaust emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), nitrogen oxides (NOx), noise emissions and particle emissions which affect both human health and the environment.

31 Environmental noise can be described as any unwanted sound. Noise from industry, traffic, homes and recreation can cause annoyance, disturb sleep and affect health. Noise Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam,

32 Noise is a serious issue - levels over 40 Ldn dB(A) affect our well-being, while there is evidence that levels over 60 Ldn dB(A) can affect our physical and psychological health. Noise Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam,

33 A rule of thumb If you have to shout in order to be heard one metre away, then the noise is probably too loud and could be damaging to your hearing. In these instances, hearing protection is recommended Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Noise

34 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, dBA 8 hours 92 dBA 6 hours 95 dBA 4 hours 97 dBA 3 hours 100 dBA 2 hours 102 dBA 1 1/2 hrs 105 dBA 1 hour 110 dBA 1/2 hour 115 dBA 1/4 hour Painful: 140 dB = firearms, air raid siren 130 dB = jackhammer 120 dB = jet plane takeoff Extremely Loud: 110 dB = rock music 100 dB = snowmobile, chain saw 90 dB = lawnmower Very Loud: 80 dB = alarm clock 70 dB = busy traffic, vacuum cleaner 60 dB = conversation, dishwasher Moderate: 50 dB = moderate rainfall 40 dB = quiet room Faint: 30 dB = whisper Noise

35 close on 80 million people suffer from noise levels that scientists and health experts consider to be unacceptable, where most people become annoyed, where sleep is disturbed and where adverse health effects are to be feared Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Noise

36 An additional 170 million citizens are living in so-called 'grey areas' where the noise levels are such to cause serious annoyance during the daytime Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Noise

37 A wide variety of studies have examined the question of the external costs of noise to society especially transport noise. The estimates range from 0.2% to 2% of GDP. The EC Commission's Green Paper 'Fair and Efficient Pricing in Transport' used the lower estimate of 0.2% of GDP which represents an annual cost to society of over 12 billion Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Noise

38 Thanks to early EC legislation and technological progress significant reductions of noise from individual sources have been achieved. For example the noise from individual cars has been reduced by 85% since 1970 and the noise from lorries by 90%. Likewise for aircraft the noise footprint around an airport made by a modern jet has been reduced by a factor of 9 compared to an aircraft with 1970s technology. Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Noise

39 Harbor, Marina & Boatyard noises that can be easily reduced Engine warming up Electric Tools Halyards and rigging Travelift/ forklifts Pressure washing Service lids Gates & doors Gangways Vehicles Mooring line attenuators

40 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Light Pollution

41 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, What is light pollution? Light pollution is the popular name for sky glow - a brightening of the night sky caused by artificial light being scattered by small particles in the air such as water droplets and dust. Light pollution also includes light intruding into our homes, such as a bright street light outside a bedroom window. What causes light pollution? The major sources of artificial light include street lighting, security lamps, advertising and display lighting, floodlights for sporting events and building illumination. Poorly fitted lights allow light to shine upwards, which causes sky glow. Some artificial light is also reflected upwards from roads, pavements and buildings. Light pollution

42 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Light pollution Light It is the most important environmental input after food in controlling bodily function Richard J. Wurtman, MD Cecil H. Green Distinguished Professor of Neuropharmacology and Health Sciences and Technology, MIT

43 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Light pollution

44 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Light pollution

45 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Light pollution

46 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Light pollution

47 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Visual Impact

48 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Visual Impact – Colors and their influence in living things Lettuce would sprout under red light and stop growing under infrared. Blue light would have similar activity effect Yellow and green light effect is neutral or would reduce the plant activity A short exposure to UV light would kill the plant

49 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Visual Impact – Colors and their influence in human beings Human reaction to color is like reaction to tobacco, alcohol or coffee: Up for a short period and then down. Red is stimulating, but after a length of time bodily responses might fell below normal

50 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Visual Impact – Colors and their influence in human beings Different responses are triggered by colors of both ends of the spectrum, both in plants and in low and high forms of animal life In human beings, red tends to rise blood pressure, pulse and breathing rate, perspiration, and excite brain waves. It creates muscular tension and greater frequency of eye blinks. Blue causes the reverse effect: lower blood pressure, lower pulse rate. Skin response is less and brain waves tend to decline

51 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam,

52 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam,

53 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Visual Impact – Colors and their influence in human beings LSD trips were triggering amazing explosions of bright colors not known to man Discotheques had adopted the technique to produce the same response by flashing lights, flowing colors, roaring sounds and fluid designs and patterns, blanking out the real world for a while without having to take the drug.

54 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Visual Impact – Colors and their influence in human beings Much of our life is spent in the unconscious acquirement and coordination of a vast amount of data through our eyes. A visual task is inseparable from its environment. High visibility, ease of seeing and good seeing conditions are overwhelmingly the result of good brightness engineering

55 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Visual Impact – Colors and their influence in human beings Brightness engineering: the control of color as it might be seen by the human eyes on walls, ceilings, floors, furnishings and affecting human responses radically.

56 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, Conclusions

57 Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam, To take the lead on environmental control improvements creates experience and prepares for mandatory rules to come A lot can be done on non traditional subjects as noise, light and visual impact control achieving important (even if not immediately perceived) results Belief, confidence and faith in any task is to be transmitted to co-workers and users. That IS part of their environment and creates immediate response.

58 "If at first an idea isn't absurd there is no hope for it". Albert Einstein Oscar Siches METS, Amsterdam,


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