Presentation on theme: "Refining Crude Oil The cat-cracking process breaks up heavier fuels. Diesel fuel and heating oil are the product of severe catalytic cracking and want."— Presentation transcript:
1 Refining Crude OilThe cat-cracking process breaks up heavier fuels. Diesel fuel and heating oil are the product of severe catalytic cracking and want to change back into something heavier.Heat from an engine accelerates the production of solids - gums, varnishes and sludge's that will plug filters, strainers, nozzles, and injectors. 93% of what clogs filters is re-polyermerization of the fuel.ProOne Fuel Maximizer addresses these issues ..
2 ProOne Fuel Maximizer is a Fuel Catalyst (Diesel and HFO) Reduces EmissionsReduces Maintenance CostsReduces Fuel ConsumptionCleans the Fuel SystemAdds Lubricity to Diesel FuelsIncreases BTU’s of the FuelDecreases Oxidation of Diesel FuelImproves Performance2
4 How it WorksBreaks down large fuel particles so the fuel burns more efficientlyLowers the temperature at which soot burns.Accelerates the combustion rate of hard-to-burn hydrocarbon moleculesDramatically reduces ash and unburned carbon in the exhaust systemMore efficient combustion which produces more energy and less emissions per unit of fuel burned.4
5 Regular Fuel Treatments Most Fuel Treatments are made of:SulfurHydrogenCarbonNitrogenOxygen.. the exact same constituents as fuel so all you are doing is changing the % (percent) of product the fuel is made up of.Fuel treatments with these 5 ingredients do not have to get EPACertification for approval.Over 50,000 fuel treatments on the market, but very few are designed to make fuel better. ProOne Fuel Maximizer is designed to make fuels more efficient.5
6 What Makes Fuel Maximizer Different ? Captures more of the energy of the fuel, allowing an increase inPower, Efficiency and Cleanliness.Is EPA, OTAQ, and ETV tested.Has been tested at world-renowned South West Research Institute for fuel economy, emissions and manufacture (OEM) acceptability.Has been proven to work with BioDiesel applications. B20 biodieselmixture has been tested with the product and has proven reduction in NOx particulates as well as Nox gases.Is very effective in Diesel and Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) applications.6
8 Mean Wear Scar Diameter ASTM D6079Lubricity TestFail MWSDMean Wear Scar Diameter0.57mmPass MWSD0.35mmConclusion: Improves lubricity in fuel.
9 Fail <80% Reflectance Pass >80% Reflectance Stability TestFail <80% ReflectancePass >80% ReflectanceConclusion: Provides excellent stability. Meets requirements for the National Council of Weights and Measures (NCWM) Premium Diesel Fuel Specification.
10 Cummins L10 Injector Depositing Test BACKGROUNDCummins had a field problem that occurred in fleet operating in hilly terrains or stop and go traffic. In this duty cycle, significant injector deposits developed that led to a noticeable decrease in engine power. Cummins developed a test method to simulate these duty cycles and duplicate the deposits in the laboratory. This test can be used to discriminate fuel/fuel additive quality. (Reference SAE Paper No ).
13 Cummins L10 Injector Depositing Test TEST SUMMARYEngines: Two (2) Cummins ’88 L10 engines operated in tandemCylinders, Displacement: 6 Cylinders, 10 L DisplacementSpeed: RPMLoad: 50 – 60 HPTest Cycle: 15 second cycle – one engine driving, the other being driven. The roles are reversed for each subsequent 15 second cycle.Duration: 125 hoursPassing Criteria: Average Injector Plunger Rating </=10Average Injector Flow loss </=6%
14 Cummins L10 Injector Depositing Test FuelUntreated/EnginePlungerRatingTreatedCATNone1:2000RearFront26.39.922.48.621.88.423.05.9%IMPROVEMENT62%61%74%
15 Cummins L10 Clean Up Test Results Testing of MPG+™
20 Emissions Testing PM Start of test End of test % Improvement 4.132 3.8526.80.7760.66214.6HCNOx4.444.401.0CO0.5640.5355.1
21 Fuel Economy Fleet Testing SAE J1321 “Joint TMC/SAE Fuel Consumption Test Procedure – Type IIThree (3) Freightliner trucks equipped with Detroit DD60 engines from an in-use fleet were used for this testing. The trucks were numbered as follows:Unit 27 – Test truck, starting mileage of 337,000 milesUnit 28 – Test truck, starting mileage of 603,000 milesUnit 31 – Control Truck, starting mileage of 332,000 miles
22 OXIDATION STORAGE STABILITY TEST OXIDATION STORAGE STABILITY TEST Fuel StorageOXIDATION STORAGE STABILITY TESTTEST PARAMETERSBase Fuel: Commercial #2 Diesel FuelTemperature: °C (203°F)Test Conditions: Bubble oxygen through sample at a rate of 3 liter/hourTest Duration: HoursPerformance Criteria: Amount of insolubles and fuel color changeOXIDATION STORAGE STABILITY TESTASTM D2274RESULTSFuel A + Fuel 1:1000Base Fuel BFuel Color (D1500)<1.5Base Fuel ABase Fuel B + Fuel 1:1500<1.0Base Fuel B + Fuel 1:2000Typical Pass/ Fail CriteriaInitialFinal(mg/100 ml)<2.00.160.030.230.140.12Total InsolublesNo Harm
23 CUMMINS FUEL FILTER COMPATIBILITY TEST TEST PARAMETERSFilter Used: Fleetguard F105d and F1212Base Fuel: Low sulfur Reference Diesel (LSRD-4) with andrecommended treat rate.Performance: Pressure drop measured before and after agingat 20, 60 and 100 gallons per hour.without 1% distilled water addedAging Cycle: Filters filled with fuel and stored for three (3)weeks at 160°F. Additive treated at two (2) times
24 Fleet Friendly CONCLUSIONS RESULTSBase Fuel + Fuel 1:500Base Fuel + 1% Water20Base FuelBase Fuel + 1 % water + Fuel 1:50060GPHCHANGESNone100Fuel Maximizer is completely compatible with diesel fuel filters and will not harm their performance by increasing the pressure drop or restriction across the filter. No signs of residue form on the filter media. The plastic material joining the filter media and the metal end plates remains unchanged.CONCLUSIONS
25 diesel engines and will not harm their performance. Cummins Elastomer Compatibility TestChange in Tensile StrengthMedium Swell NitrileRESULTSChange in HardnessChange in ElongationChange in VolumeLow Swell NitrileFluoroelastomerSurface CracksFAIL/PASSPASSNONEConclusion: Fuel Maximizer is compatible with elastomers and seal materials typically found indiesel engines and will not harm their performance.
26 Consumption Stationary Test SAE J1321 FuelConsumption Stationary Test26
27 Case Study: Clark County School Buses (Bio Diesel Fuel) NOx Testing with BiodieselN.O.X. ReductionCase Study: Clark County School Buses (Bio Diesel Fuel)27
28 Standardized emissions tests conducted by: Battelle Columbus Division Engine: Superior Model 2406D/Mitsubishi Model S6U-PTA, 4-stroke, 6-cylinder, 4300 cubic-inch diesel engine rated at 1,400 brake-horsepower and 1,200 r.p.m. at full load, run at 85% load to artificially create a particulate emissions problem.Measurable and reproducible results:CO emissions reduced by 10 percent,HC emissions reduced by 9 percent,Particulate carbon reduced by 26 percent,Particulate emissions reduced by 43 percent,Combustion efficiency increased by 0.4 percent,No increase in NOx emissionsNote: ProOne Fuel Maximizer offers a unique, cost-effective means to reduce diesel engine particulate emissions without aggravating NOx emissions or diminishing fuel economy.
29 Field tests conducted by: Ontario Power Generation at the Gull Bay remote Generation StationEngines: Diesel Gensets ranging in size from 130 kW to 250 kW (Detroit Diesel 2-cycle, Caterpillar 3406TA and 3406B) under actual operating conditions over a period of weeks.Confirmed the Battelle results on emissions reductions and also quantified these fuel savings at 3 to 5 percent29
30 Treated Fuel with Fuel Maximizer Base# 2 Fuel TestMethodResultConditionGravity, A.P.I. Hydrometer on Fuels37.2NORMALInitial Boiling PointD-8634410PCT37650PCT47090PCT586ENDPNT642RETPCT98Cetane Index, Calculated45.1WaterD-1796<.05SedimentSulfur Determination.031BTU137480TestMethodResultConditionGravity, A.P.I. Hydrometer on Fuels36.7NORMALInitial Boiling PointD-8635010PCT37850PCT46890PCT582ENDPNT640RETPCT98Cetane Index, Calculated43.9WaterD-1796<.05SedimentSulfur Determination.035BTU139770
31 Power Plant in India 200 hours of run time.. Before Fuel Maximizer After Fuel Maximizer200 hours of run time..31
32 Commitment for EPA, ETV Testing Greenhouse Gas Technology CenterAn Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) OrganizationSponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Research and DevelopmentTECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION TESTING RECERTIFIED FOR EPANovember 12, 200832
33 Automotive Diesel Applications Maximizes Complete CombustionFrom passenger car to light trucks, Fuel Maximizer maximizes power & economy for diesel applications. With fuel prices in a constant flux, Fuel Maximizer helps today's new generation of electronically controlled, low emission, high speed, high horsepower diesel engines by ensuring complete combustion while reducing emissions.33
34 Over the Road Diesel Applications Get more Productivity from your FleetToday we have a new generation of electronically controlled, low emission, high speed and high horsepower diesel engines. The reason for this new technology is the need for diesel engines to meet the clean air acts of 1998, 2002 & They are accomplishing this by using electronic injectors and by changing the diesel fuel we are presently burning.Fuel Maximizer helps that diesel fuel burn more efficiently.34
35 Transit Diesel Applications Clean, Soot Free BussesFuel Maximizer saves transit companies thousands of dollars in fuel consumption and maintenance costs and, at the same time, reduces exhaust emissions. Incomplete combustion leads to problems in bus engines, including soot formation, carbon deposits, black smoke and corrosion. Transit and owner operators can reduce soot formation, extend maintenance intervals, and reduce the need for major component overhauls by using Fuel Maximizer.35
36 Industrial applications include Construction Equipment, Mining, Agriculture, Oil Drilling, Off Shore Drilling, Generation units and more. The EPA is proposing new emission standards for non-highway diesel engines used in construction, agricultural and industrial operations.Fuel Maximizer can help oil and gas developers reduce emissions while drilling in the mountains and oceans around the world and at the same time keep their diesel engines running cleaner and longer.36
37 Mining and MarineImproves the combustion of all grades of heavy, residual fuel oils, translating into reduced fuel consumption, better boiler performance at reduced levels of excess air, less particulate emissions and reduced maintenance requirements. By eliminating soot and black smoke at the source, Fuel Maximizer HFO reduces carbon deposits and improves thermal efficiency of heat exchangers. Maintenance schedules can also be extended. Safe to use with all boilers.For standard grades of marine residual fuel oils, the recommended dosage rate of Fuel Maximizer HFO is 1: 5,000. During the first week of treatment, a higher dosage rate of 1:4,000 is recommended. For an initial treatment, include enough Fuel Maximizer HFO to dose the untreated fuel already in the fuel system and tanks, in addition to dosing the incoming delivery of fuel oil.37
38 Is Fuel Maximizer Safe to Use? Consists of a non-toxic, organo-iron compound dissolved in aromatic solvent. The only elements in Fuel Maximizer are carbon, hydrogen and iron.Produces no harmful incremental emissions as a by-product, unlike many fuel additives.The only by-products of its combustion are carbon dioxide, water and iron oxides, all of which are harmless to humans.Should be handled using the normal precautions associated with any solvent or fuel.38
39 MFC Marine Fuel Conditioner Designed to meet new MARPOL/IMO and ULSD mandates. Helps the fuel burn cleaner to increase cetane number, reduce emissions and improve fuel performance.
40 MFC Marine Fuel Conditioner Meets new MARPOL/IMO and ULSD standardsReduces exhaust emissionsImproves fuel economyTypically increases cetane number by 2L10 superior detergencyWater dispersant to help safely remove waterControls algaeAntioxidants protect thermal and oxidative stabilityImproves lubricityCorrosion inhibitorSuperior low temperature additive handling properties40CFR Compliance statement. The sulfur content of this diesel fuel does not exceed 15 ppm.
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