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Whats New in vSphere 5.0? Dan Wofford Staff Systems Engineer - VMware.

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Presentation on theme: "Whats New in vSphere 5.0? Dan Wofford Staff Systems Engineer - VMware."— Presentation transcript:

1 Whats New in vSphere 5.0? Dan Wofford Staff Systems Engineer - VMware

2 Agenda Cloud Infrastructure Launch and Product Set Whats New vSphere 5.0 Platform Whats New vSphere 5.0 Storage Whats New vSphere 5.0 Networking.

3 vSphere vCloud Director vShield Security vCenter Management vCloud Director 1.5 vShield 5.0 vCenter Operations 1.0 vCenter SRM 5.0 vSphere 5.0 Cloud Infrastructure Launch (vSphere, vCenter, vShield, vCloud Director) In 2011 VMware is Introducing a Major Upgrade of the Entire Cloud Infrastructure Stack New

4 VMware vSphere : The Industrys Leading Virtualization Platform ApplicationServices InfrastructureServices Scalability VMware vSphere 4.1 Security VMsafe APIs vShield Zones Hot Add # of Hosts, VMs HA FT vMotion/S vMotion Data Recovery Availability Network Storage Distributed Switch Network I/O Control VMFS Thin Provisioning Storage I/O Control Storage APIs ESX/ESXi DRS/DPM Memory Overcommit Compute vCenter Server Host Profiles Linked Mode Orchestrator Update Mgr

5 Introducing… The Best Platform for Cloud Infrastructures

6 VMware vSphere 5.0: Whats New? ApplicationServices InfrastructureServices Scalability VMware vSphere 5 Security ESXi Firewall 32 way SMP 1 TB VMs New HA Architecture vMotion over higher latency links Availability Network Storage Network I/O Control (per VM controls) Distributed Switch (Netflow, SPAN, LLDP) Storage DRS Profile-Driven Storage VMFS 5 Storage I/O Control (NFS) ESXi Convergence Auto Deploy HW version 8 Compute vCenter Server Virtual Appliance Web Client vCenter Server

7 Infrastructure Services – Compute, Storage, Network

8 Agenda: vSphere 5.0 Platform ESXi ESXi CLI ESXi Firewall Image Builder Auto Deploy vSphere Update Manager Platform Enhancements

9 ESXi Convergence Most Trusted vSphere ESXi vSphere 5.0 will utilize the ESXi hypervisor exclusively ESXi is the gold standard for hypervisors Overview Benefits Thin architecture Smaller security footprint Streamlined deployment and configuration Simplified patching and updating model

10 The Gartner Group says… The major benefit of ESXi is the fact that it is more lightweight under 100MB versus 2GB for VMware ESX with the service console. Smaller means fewer patches It also eliminates the need to manage a separate Linux console (and the Linux skills needed to manage it)… VMware users should put a plan in place to migrate to ESXi during the next 12 to 18 months. Source: Gartner, August 2010

11 Agenda: vSphere 5.0 Platform ESXi ESXi CLI ESXi Firewall Image Builder Auto Deploy vSphere Update Manager Platform Enhancements

12 ESXi Command Line Why a new ESXi CLI tool? Console CLI and remote vCLI are different Need to learn multiple CLIs Local commands dont work remote, remote commands dont work locally Commands evolved from multiple sources using different standards No formal process for adding or updating commands Inconsistent output and syntax Output format changes from command to command Different commands have different input parameters Remote CLI limited compared to local CLI ESXCLI establishes a standard with an extensible framework. Going forward ESXCLI commands will be backward compatible

13 vSphere 5.0 CLI Compatibility 1. esxcfg commands deprecated in 5.0 (replaced with esxcli) 2. esxcli in 4.x is *not* backward compatible with 5.0 3. vicfg used for remote CLI only

14 Agenda: vSphere 5.0 Platform ESXi ESXi CLI ESXi Firewall Image Builder Auto Deploy vSphere Update Manager Platform Enhancements

15 ESXi 5.0 Firewall Features Capabilities ESXi 5.0 has a new firewall engine which is not based on iptables. The firewall is service oriented, and is a stateless firewall. Users have the ability to restrict access to specific services based on IP address/Subnet Mask. Management The GUI for configuring the firewall on ESXi 5.0 is similar to that used with the classic ESX firewall customers familiar with the classic ESX firewall should not have any difficulty with using the ESXi 5.0 version. There is a new esxcli interface (esxcfg-firewall is deprecated in ESXi 5.0). There is Host Profile support for the ESXi 5.0 firewall. Customers who upgrade from Classic ESX to ESXi 5.0 will have their firewall settings preserved.

16 UI: Security Profile The ESXi Firewall can be managed via the vSphere client. Through the Configuration > Security Profile, one can observe the Enabled Incoming/Outgoing Services, the Opened Port List for each service & the Allowed IP List for each service.

17 UI: Security Profile > Services > Properties Through the Services Properties, one can configure if a service should be automatically started. Services can also be stopped & started on-the-fly.

18 UI: Security Profile > Firewall > Properties In the Firewall properties, one can check or uncheck the checkbox associated with a service to enable/disable access. Service name, open ports and status are also displayed. Ruleset Enabled Allowed IP

19 Agenda: vSphere 5.0 Platform ESXi ESXi CLI ESXi Firewall Image Builder Auto Deploy vSphere Update Manager Platform Enhancements

20 Composition of an ESXi Image Core Hypervisor CIM Providers Plug-in Components Drivers

21 ESXi Image Deployment Challenges Standard ESXi image from VMware download site is sometimes limited Doesnt have all drivers or CIM providers for specific hardware Doesnt contain vendor specific plug-in components ? Standard ESXi ISO Base providers Base drivers Missing CIM provider Missing driver

22 Describing ESXi Components VIB VMware Infrastructure Bundle (VIB) Software packaging format used for ESXi Often referred to as a Software Package Used for all components ESXi Base Image Drivers CIM providers Other components Can specify relationship with other VIBs VIBs that it depends on VIBs that it conflicts with

23 Managing Customized ESXi Images Image Builder: a set of command line utilities for… Creating and managing image profiles Building ESXi customized boot images, e.g. Installable ISO Bundle suitable for PXE installation or Flash Initial version is based on PowerCLI Snap-in component bundled as part of VMwares PowerCLI tools Depot A repository containing Image profiles VIBs Can have multiple depots, with two types On a web server Encapsulated in a.ZIP file

24 Agenda: vSphere 5.0 Platform ESXi ESXi CLI ESXi Firewall Image Builder Auto Deploy vSphere Update Manager Platform Enhancements

25 vSphere Auto Deploy vCenter Server with Auto Deploy Host ProfilesImage Profiles Deploy and patch vSphere hosts in minutes using a new on the fly model Coordination with vSphere Host Profiles Overview Benefits Rapid provisioning: initial deployment and patching of hosts Centralized host and image management Reduce manual deployment and patch processes vSphere

26 Auto Deploy Components

27 Agenda: vSphere 5.0 Platform ESXi ESXi CLI ESXi Firewall Image Builder Auto Deploy vSphere Update Manager Platform Enhancements

28 How Does A User Plan an ESX to ESXi migration? 1.Visit the ESX and ESXi Info Center 2.Start testing ESXi If youve not already deployed, theres no better time than the present 3.Ensure 3 rd party solutions used by your customers are ESXi Ready Monitoring, backup, management, etc. Most already are. Bid farewell to agents! 4.Familiarize with ESXi remote management options Transition any scripts or automation that depended on the COS Powerful off-host scripting and automation using vCLI, PowerCLI, … 5.Plan an ESXi migration as part of vSphere upgrade Testing of ESXi architecture can be incorporated into overall vSphere testing

29 ESXi and ESX Info Center All Resources in One Centralized Location

30 ESX to ESXi Migration with VMware Update Manager Supported Paths Migration from ESX (Classic) 4.x to ESXi 5.0 For VUM-driven migration, pre-4.x hosts will have to be upgraded to 4.x first Might be better just to do fresh install of ESXi 5.0 Preservation of Configuration Information Most standard configurations will be preserved, but not all: Information thats not applicable to ESXi will not be preserved, e.g. /etc/yp.conf (no NIS in ESXi) /etc/sudoers (no sudo in ESXi) Any additional custom configuration files will not be preserved, e.g. Any scripts added to /etc/rc.d Confidential

31 ESXi Migration and Third-Party Software Supported components Upgrade of third-party components limited to Cisco Nexus 1000v EMC PowerPath During upgrade, if either of these is detected on starting host Target ESXi image is checked for presence of these modules If found, upgrade proceeds If not found, option provided to override and proceed Otherwise, halt All other components Starting host not checked for other third-party software Upgrade process will not preserve anything Up to Admins to take care of replacing Confidential

32 Agenda: vStorage – Whats New Introduction VMFS-5 vStorage API for Array Integration Storage vMotion Storage I/O Control Storage DRS VMware API for Storage Awareness Profile Driven Storage FCoE – Fibre Channel over Ethernet

33 Introduction to VMFS-5 Enhanced Scalability Increase the size limits of the filesystem & support much larger single extent VMFS-5 volumes. Support for single extent 64TB Datastores. Better Performance Uses VAAI locking mechanism with more tasks. Easier to manage and less overhead Space reclamation on thin provisioned LUNs. Smaller sub blocks. Unified Block size.

34 VMFS-5 Versus VMFS-3 Feature Comparison

35 VMFS-3 to VMFS-5 Upgrade The Upgrade to VMFS-5 is clearly displayed in the vSphere Client under Configuration Storage view. It is also displayed in the Datastores Configuration view. The upgrade is non-disruptive.

36 Agenda: vStorage – Whats New Introduction VMFS-5 vStorage API for Array Integration Storage DRS Storage I/O Control VMware API for Storage Awareness Profile Driven Storage FCoE – Fibre Channel over Ethernet

37 VAAI – Introduction vStorage API for Array Integration = VAAI VAAIs main purpose is to leverage array capabilities. Offloading tasks to reduce overhead Benefit from enhanced mechanisms arrays mechanisms The traditional VAAI primitives have been improved. We have introduced multiple new primitives. Support for NAS! Application Hypervisor Fabric Array LUN 01 LUN 02 VI-3 Non-VAAI VAAI

38 Introducing VAAI Thin Provisioning What are the driving factors behind VAAI Thin Provisioning? Provisioning new LUNs to a vSphere environment (cluster) is complicated. Often requires involvement from multiple people, creating delays in the provisioning process Strategic Goal: We want to make the act of physical storage provisioning in a vSphere environment extremely rare. LUNs should be extended across a large address space and able to handle any VM workload. VAAI TP features include: Dead space reclamation. Monitoring of the space.

39 VAAI Thin Provisioning – Dead Space Reclamation Dead space is previously written blocks that are no longer used by the VM. For instance after a Storage vMotion. vSphere conveys block information to storage system via VAAI & storage system reclaims the dead blocks. Storage vMotion, VM deletion and swap file deletion can trigger the thin LUN to free some physical space. ESXi 5.0 uses a standard SCSI command for dead space reclamation. vSphere VMFS volume A VMFS volume B

40 Agenda: vStorage – Whats New Introduction VMFS-5 vStorage API for Array Integration Storage DRS Storage I/O Control VMware API for Storage Awareness Profile Driven Storage FCoE – Fibre Channel over Ethernet

41 Storage DRS Group like datastores in a datastore cluster. Initial placement of VMs/VMDKs Datastore maintenance mode Space and I/O load balancing Affinity and anti-affinity rules Overview Benefits Scalable storage management Reduce time for VM provisioning Eliminate VM downtime for storage maintenance Automated Out of space avoidance Automated I/O bottleneck avoidance Datastore Cluster Storage vMotion Affinity

42 SDRS Scheduling SDRS allows you to create a schedule to change its settings. This can be useful for scenarios where you dont want VMs to migrate between datastore or when I/O latency might rise, giving false negatives, e.g. during VM backups.

43 So What Does It Look Like? Provisioning…

44 So What Does It Look Like? Load Balancing. The Storage DRS tab will show utilization before and after. Theres always the option to override the recommendations.

45 Agenda: vStorage – Whats New Introduction VMFS-5 vStorage API for Array Integration Storage DRS Storage I/O Control VMware API for Storage Awareness Profile Driven Storage FCoE – Fibre Channel over Ethernet

46 Set up SLAs for use of storage and network resources Added per virtual machine settings for Network I/O Control Added NFS support for Storage I/O Control Eliminate the noisy neighbor problem More granular SLA settings for network traffic Extend Storage SLAs to more VMs Performance Guarantees – Network and Storage I/O Control Overview Benefits 1. VM requests more resources 2. Other VMs are starved for resources 3. w/ I/O controls, can give VIP VMs preferential access

47 Agenda: vStorage – Whats New Introduction VMFS-5 vStorage API for Array Integration Storage DRS Storage I/O Control VMware API for Storage Awareness Profile Driven Storage FCoE – Fibre Channel over Ethernet

48 What Is vStorage APIs Storage Awareness (VASA)? VASA is an Extension of the vSphere Storage APIs, vCenter-based extensions. It allows storage arrays to integrate with vCenter for management functionality via server-side plug-ins or Vendor Providers. This in turn allows a vCenter administrator to be aware of the topology, capabilities, and state of the physical storage devices available to the cluster. VASA enables several features. For example it delivers System-defined (array-defined) Capabilities that enables Profile-driven Storage. Another example is that it provides array internal information that helps several Storage DRS use cases to work optimally with various arrays.

49 Agenda: vStorage – Whats New Introduction VMFS-5 vStorage API for Array Integration Storage DRS Storage I/O Control VMware API for Storage Awareness Profile Driven Storage FCoE – Fibre Channel over Ethernet

50 Tier 1Tier 2Tier 3 Profile-Driven Storage Tier storage based on performance or SLA characteristics View a list of all compliant storage resources Overview Benefits Utilize the correct storage resources every time (no mistakes) Help IT personnel that may not be as familiar with storage characteristics align with business and application goals Improve storage utilization and efficiencies High IO Throughput

51 Selecting a Storage Profile During Provisioning By selecting a VM Storage Profile, datastores are now split into Compatible & Incompatible. The Celerra_NFS datastore is the only datastore which meets the GOLD Profile requirements – i.e. it is the only datastore that has our user-defined storage capability associated with it.

52 VM Storage Profile Compliance Policy Compliance is visible from the Virtual Machine Summary tab.

53 Agenda: vStorage – Whats New Introduction VMFS-5 vStorage API for Array Integration Storage DRS Storage I/O Control VMware API for Storage Awareness Profile Driven Storage FCoE – Fibre Channel over Ethernet

54 Software FCoE Adapters (1 of 2) A software FCoE adapter is a software code that performs some of the FCoE processing. This adapter can be used with a number of NICs that support partial FCoE offload. Unlike the hardware FCoE adapter, the software adapter needs to be activated, similar to Software iSCSI.

55 Software FCoE Adapters (2 of 2) Once the Software FCoE is enabled, a new adapter is created, and discovery of devices can now take place.

56 New Virtual Machine Features vSphere 5.0 supports the industrys most capable virtual machines Other new features UI for multi-core virtual CPUs Extended VMware Tools compatibility Support for Mac OS X servers Broader Device Coverage Client-connected USB devices USB 3.0 devices Smart Card Readers for VM Console Access VM BIOS boot order config API and PowerCLI interface EFI BIOS 3D graphics Richer Desktop Experience 32 virtual CPUs per VM 1TB RAM per VM 4x previous capabilities! VM Scalability Items which require HW version 8 in orange

57 Upgrade Compatibility Provides for flexibility for Administrators to upgrade environment in phased manner 1.ESXi 5.0 supports upgrading Virtual Hardware version 3 and later

58 Application Services – Availability, Security, and Scalability

59 Create virtual machines with up to: 32 vCPU 1 TB of vRAM 4x size of previous vSphere versions Run even the largest applications in vSphere, including very large databases Virtualize even more applications than ever before (Tier 1 and 2) Scaling Virtual Machines 4x Overview Benefits

60 New HA Architecture NIC Teaming Multipathing VMware Fault Tolerance High Availability DRS Maintenance Mode vMotion Storage vMotion Component Server Storage VMFS New architecture for High Availability feature of vSphere Simplified clustering setup and configuration Enhanced reliability through better resource guarantees and monitoring Enhanced scalability Overview Benefits VMware

61 Additional Features and Enhancements

62 vCenter Server Appliance (Linux) Run vCenter Server as a Linux-based appliance Simplified setup and configuration Enables deployment choices according to business needs or requirements Leverages vSphere availability features for protection of the management layer Overview Benefits

63 vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) consists of: A pre-packaged 64 bit application running on SLES 11 Distributed with sparse disks Disk Footprint Memory Footprint A built in enterprise level database with optional support for a remote Oracle databases. Limits are the same for VC and VCSA Embedded DB 5 hosts/50 VMs External DB <1000 hosts/<10,000 VMs (64 bit) A web-based configuration interface Component Overview

64 Feature Overview vCenter Server Appliance supports: The vSphere Web Client Authentication through AD and NIS Feature parity with vCenter Server on Windows Except – Linked Mode support Requires ADAM (AD LDS) IPv6 support External DB Support Oracle is the only supported external DB for the first release No vCenter Heartbeat support HA is provided through vSphere HA

65 Web Client Run and manage vSphere from any web browser anywhere in the world Platform independence Replaces Web Access GUI Building block for cloud based administration Overview Benefits

66 Why Flex? Flex provides us with the richest and fullest featured development platform available. Extensive amount of Libraries to use Technologies such as HTML5 and others are still in development Provides the best performance Scales to the web

67 Features of the vSphere Web Client Customize the GUI Create custom views to reflect the information you need to see, the way you like to see it

68 Features of the vSphere Web Client Ready Access to Common Actions Quick access to common tasks provided out of the box

69 Features of the vSphere Web Client Support interrupt driven workflows Allow jumping in and out of workflows easily – continuing exactly from where you left off without having to repeat a process

70 Features of the vSphere Web Client Extendable Functionality Possible for partners and end users to add features and functionality Easily create new tabs for information Create portlets for instant access to information

71 The Best of the Rest Platform Hardware Version 8 – EFI virtual BIOS Memory Fault Isolation Network Distributed Switch (Netflow, SPAN support, LLDP) Network I/O Controls (per VM), ESXi firewall Storage VMFS 5 iSCSI UI Storage I/O Control (NFS) Array Integration for Thin Provisioning, Swap to SSD, 2TB+ VMFS datastores Storage vMotion Snapshot Support Availability vMotion with higher latency links Data Recovery Enhancements Management Inventory Extensibility iPad client

72 The End (Due to Time)


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