WHAT MAKES US THINK? 1. Nearly 56 % of rural houses in India do not have electricity as per the report of World Bank page 6. report of World Bank 2. Even for electrified villages, there is a tremendous shortage of power supply. It is very common for these areas to have around 15 hours of power cuts every day. 3. The state electricity board provides rural areas with electricity on non- priority basis. 4. In electrified villages, the Panchayats spend most of their revenue by just clearing their Electricity Board outstanding bills, which was spent in water pumping and street lighting.
POWER SCENARIO IN WEST BENGAL 1.Electricity generation in the state is mostly coal-based (96%) at the Thermal Power Stations located in central and southern parts of the state (at the chickens neck in Murshidabad and around Kolkata in Burdwan, Hooghly and South 24 Parganas), with some hydro-power being generated in Darjeeling district. (Source Ministry of Environment and Forest. For details Click here page 146)Ministry of Environment and Forest here 2.Only 49 percent of the rural households have access to electricity (March, 2009) and the concerted efforts in rural electrification under the RGGVY have been reported during 2009-10. (Same source as Point 1) 3.Electricity supply to rural areas will always be irregular and low since cities themselves do not have regular supplies
POWER GENERATION FACILITIES IN WEST BENGAL As per the report of Ministry of Environment and Forest. For details Click here page 146 Ministry of Environment and Forest here
Energy SourcePotentialCumulative Achievement Wind (w/o Offshore)4503 Biomass35080 Small Hydro300100 Solar Photovoltaic16,000 11 Solar Thermal400 Solar Rooftop300 Urban and Industrial Waste1500 All Sources17,950194 RENEWABLE POWER POTENTIAL AND ACHIEVEMENT IN WEST BENGAL Source: Draft Renewable Energy Policy – West Bengal (PWC, 2010) and WBREDA (2010)
It is the answer for creating small village size power units run and maintained by the villagers themselves who can also meet its operating cost. Its sustainable and cost effective power plant. These micro power generating units can be thermal, hydro, solar, bio-gas, wind or any non-conventional energy source. Reason for choosing thermal is it is not dependant on diesel, petrol or kerosene and operates on the steam engine principle The power unit is of low technology and easy to operate and maintain by the villagers. WHAT IS MICRO THERMAL POWER PLANT?
MICRO THERMAL POWER PLANT SPECIFICATION Project type: Thermal Fuel : Wood, Coal, Rice Husk (readily available in local areas this fuel is used for converting water to superheated steam) Power Generation Capacity: 10KW Steam Engine of 20HP Alternator of 15KVA Boiler Steam Production Capacity - 500kg/HR Boiler pressure 150 pound on continuous full load of 20HP engine Water Tank Capacity approx 300 ltrs. Steam Engine Full Load (20hp) Steam Consumption - 400-475kg./HR
ESTIMATED COST OF THE PROJECT S No.Expenses Amount (Rs.) 1Personnel /Human Resources25,000 2Procurement of Basic Micro-thermal Power Plant from Rajkot 5,55,500 3Receipt of machine at site, Installation, Wiring, bulbs, etc. 1,35,000 3Training 15,000 4Travelling 15,000 5Evaluation/Information Dissemination4,000 6Management Fee/General Administration/Overhead 1,25,000 7Shed for the plant ( 40 * 30 feet)1,20,000 Total Expenses9,94,500
1.Village receives electric power for 24 hours whereas today they live in complete darkness at night. 2.Children of the village can study comfortably at night like their city brethren and compete successfully in the examinations. 3.Also it is convenient for housewives to cook at night. ADVANTAGES OF MICRO THERMAL POWER PROJECT
4. Setting up cottage industries: Small processing units like mustard oil, rice and flour mills can be set up to give employment. 5. Generating Employment: Micro-thermal plant itself employs 6 workers to operate the unit round-the-clock, also since other cottage industries can be set up it generates employment. 6. Steam engine when coupled to a water pump can be used for irrigation of farms from underground water or river stream. ADVANTAGES OF MICRO THERMAL POWER PROJECT
Target Village : Dalbhanga in Kuchai Block of Saraikela- Kharsawan district of Jharkhand (wood based) Our Co-Partners: NABARD An Initiative by Jharkhand Alternative Development Forum (an NGO working on alternative development models in villages) 300 liters of water and 150 kg wood are used for 10 hours of operation per day, which is provided by each household to operate the steam engine of the plant. Plant generates 10 KW electricity, which is supplied to 150 households in the village from 5p.m to 10p.m It also supplies electricity for street lights and an oil mill. Villagers own electricity rather than beg for it. OUR IMPLEMENTED PROJECTS SNAPSHOT
Projects Under Implementation: Kumra Bengwari village in Block Keredari in district Hazaribagh of Jharkhand (coal-based) Village Sahistapur in Siwan district of Bihar (rice husk based) Three units in villages of Khunti district of Jharkhand (wood-based)