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The Colorado Audit A Case Study in Audit Resolution 1 Bonnie Little, Esq. Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC Fall Forum 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "The Colorado Audit A Case Study in Audit Resolution 1 Bonnie Little, Esq. Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC Fall Forum 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Colorado Audit A Case Study in Audit Resolution 1 Bonnie Little, Esq. Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC Fall Forum 2011

2 Amount in Dispute $23,962,000 in unsupported personnel costs charged to Federal grants 2

3 3 Draft Audit Report

4 Audit limited to CDEs methodology for allocating personnel costs to Federal education grants Audit covered the two-year period July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2009 4

5 CDEs Time Distribution System Colorado Personnel Payroll System CERT defined as cost center for which time is charged for expense CDE employee compensation is allocated to various state and federal funding sources according to the employees CERT code(s) 5

6 OIG Review OIG interviewed 8 CDE employees CDEs documentation for reporting employee activity met only three of the four standards for personnel activity reports Prepared monthly Signed by the employee Accounted for total activity BUT, did not reflect after-the-fact distribution of actual activity of each employee 6

7 OIG Review 7 [W]e concluded that the timesheets we reviewed reflected the normal payroll reporting practices that are used throughout CDE. Employees reported their time based on predetermined allocation percentages

8 OIG Review OIG noted that timesheets are not submitted in time to impact the payroll Accordingly, any adjustments would need to be made after the pay date CDE informed the auditors that only one employee performs the payroll-related adjustments not possible to process the number of monthly adjustments that would be required 8

9 OIG Draft Finding $23,962,000 inadequately supported personnel costs OIG questioned all CDE personnel costs charged to Federal funds during fiscal years 2008 and 2009 9

10 OIG Recommendations Provide documentation based on actual work performed supporting the costs Make necessary adjustments for personnel costs that were charged to Federal grants and do not meet OMB Circular A-87 requirements Work with ED to determine appropriate approach to account for personnel costs Develop and implement policy and procedures for a compliant system Provide training for all CDE employees, supervisors, and managers 10

11 CDE Response CDE concurs with the draft finding, but… Employees working on single cost objective satisfied OMB Circular A-87 requirements Actual effort for the vast majority of employees working on multiple cost objectives aligned with budgeted effort over each12-month period 11

12 CDE Response Agreed to do the reconstruction Based on interviews with supervisors and employees, determined actual effort and reconstructed documentation supporting personnel costs for the two fiscal years Agreed to make any necessary adjustments based on actual effort Agreed to develop a new methodology and provide training 12

13 13 Final Audit Report

14 OIG Final Audit Report $23,962,000 in unsupported costs We commend CDE for initiating timely corrective action in response to the audits finding and recommendations. The actions that CDE describes … would appear to address our finding, but the Department will ultimately make this determination. 14

15 CDE Response Corrective actions: CDE developed and implemented a fully compliant time distribution system. Provided new policy, instructions, and frequently asked questions CDE conducted mandatory training Provided training materials and attendance sheets 15

16 CDE Response Reconstruction Employees and supervisors reviewed notes, calendars, work product, email and other documentation to determine an accurate breakdown of their effort during the two-year period If an employee was no longer available, supervisors with first-hand knowledge attested to the employees actual effort 16

17 CDE Response Through reconstruction, CDE documented actual effort to support 98% of the personnel costs $525,591 - unsupported effort 17

18 CDE Response Equitable Offset accounts for the remaining funds at issue CDE identified 3 employees that CDE could have paid using federal funds, but instead used state funds Employees worked on allowable activities under IDEA, but were charged to state funds Job descriptions, affidavits, salary information Salaries totaled $620,811 18

19 19 ED Final Determination

20 Sustain finding, require corrective actions The methodology that CDE used to allocate personnel costs paid with Federal funds did not comply with the requirements for time distribution systems contained in [OMB Circular A-87]. 20

21 ED Final Determination [W]e cannot accept the affidavits CDE provided as evidence of how employees who work on multiple programs actually allocated their work among those programs. 21

22 ALJ Decisions - Reconstruction Application of the New York State Department of Education (April 21, 1995) After-the-fact affidavits and other pertinent documentation are admissible as evidence. Consolidated Appeals of the Florida Department of Education (June 26, 1990) Accepted affidavits completed by supervisors years later as credible and useful evidence. 22

23 ED Final Determination To sustain a prima facie case for recovering funds, ED must provide sufficient evidence that funds were misspent Could not establish a prima facie case based on OIGs judgmental sample of 8 employees 23

24 ED Final Determination Footnote 7: However, because we find that the affidavits are not legally sufficient to support a prima facie case for recover of funds, we do not ask that CDE return any funds based on the difference in allocations as determined by the affidavits and the actual allocations made to the grant programs. 24

25 ED Final Determination Reviewed CDEs new policies and determined that they generally appear sufficient to establish an effective system Clarifying questions: Are predetermined percentages populated on the form, and then adjusted based on actual effort? Do the percentages entered affect funds paid to employees, or must supervisors inform the finance office if adjustments are needed? How and when are adjustments made to payroll records to reflect variances from budget estimates? 25

26 ED Final Determination Other concerns Sign-in sheets indicated that not all employees received training on the new system FY 2010 single audit stated a few employees are continuing to report time based on the budgeted allocation rather than actual allocations. 26

27 ED Final Determination $23,942,000 $0 27

28 28 This presentation is intended solely to provide general information and does not constitute legal advice or a legal service. This presentation does not create a client-lawyer relationship with Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC and, therefore, carries none of the protections under the D.C. Rules of Professional Conduct. Attendance at this presentation, a later review of any printed or electronic materials, or any follow-up questions or communications arising out of this presentation with any attorney at Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC does not create an attorney-client relationship with Brustein & Manasevit, PLLC. You should not take any action based upon any information in this presentation without first consulting legal counsel familiar with your particular circumstances.

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