3Sources of Wireless Radiation Cell phonesCell towersCordless phonesPDA’s – Blackberry, Treo, iPhoneWireless games (Wii)Baby monitorsSmart MetersWireless headsets reduce exposure to brain but increase exposure to pelvic areaWireless Internet – Wi- Fi, Wi-Max, WLAN
4Weight of Scientific Evidence shows Adverse Health Effects All studies show increased brain tumor risk after 10 yearsMalignant brain tumors – 40% increase 30 mins/day after 10 years – InterphoneHeavy cell phone use by teens show four to five times more brain tumors by late 20’s – Dr. Lennart Hardell, Sweden
5BioInitiative Report Scientists Carl Blackman, PhD – employed by US Environmental Protection Agency, Martin Blank, PhD – College of Physicians/Surgeons, Columbia University – Prof. Michael Kundi, Medical University of Vienna – David Carpenter, MD, Director of Institute of Health, University at Albany – Dr. Lennart Hardell, MD, PhD, Department of Oncology, University Hospital, Sweden – Dr. Olle Johansson, PhD, Department of Neuroscience, Stockholm – Henry Lai, PhD, Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington – Dr. Hansson Mild, PhD, Department of Radiation Physics, Umea University, Sweden – Drs. Xu and Chen, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, China – James Burch PhD, Arnold School of Public Health, Unversity of South Carolina, Stanton Glanz, PhD, University of California, Cardiovascular Research Institute and nstitute for Health Policy, Dennis Henshaw PhD, Human Radiation Effects, Bristol University , David Gee, European Environmental Agency
6BioInitiative Report - 2007 Double strand DNA breaks and oxidative stressStress proteins in cell = cellular distressRF induced gene expression changesSleep, cognitive function and performanceBlood brain barrier alterationsMicronuclei and chromosome aberrationsNeurobehavioral effectsAnalyzed over 2,000 peer reviewed & published research reports (Bioinitiative Report 2007)
7Long term – Accelerated Aging Childhood & adult leukemia,Childhood & adult brain tumorsIncreased risk of Alzheimers and neurodegenerative diseasesAltered immune function including increased allergic & inflammatory responsesPathological leakage brain/blood barrierGenotoxic effects (DNA damage)See BioInitiative Report and Public Health Implications of Wireless Technologies, Public Health SOS, Pathophysiology Reports
8ECOLOG report for T-Mobile – April 2000 …mobile telecommunications..do play role in development of cancer – notably tumors of central nervous systemDirect damage on DNA, including synthesis and repair mechanismsChromosome aberrations and micronuclei 5w/m2Damaging effects on immune system from 0.2w/m2 – high stress hormones demonstrated
9ECOLOG continuedEffects on blood-brain barrier and activity of neurotransmitters demonstratedChanges in sleep EEG of humans 0.5w/m2Impairment of cognitive functions 2w/m2Epidemiological study of children exposed to pulsed high frequency caused decrease in capability to concentrate and increase in reaction times.Effects on central nervous system proven for intensities well below current guidelines.
101800 MHz RF radiation induces oxidative damage to mtDNA 2009 study, Dept. of Occupational Health, Military Medical University, ChinaAt 24 hours exposure RF radiation induced significant increase in DNA oxidative damage in the mitochondria of neurons.Mitochondrial DNA and RNA showed obvious reduction after RF exposure.
11Sperm Head Abnormalities -2009 Male mice exposed to RF radiation from mobile phones caused up to 46.3% sperm head abnormalities compared to 2.13% in control group.Occurrence of sperm head abnormalities found to be dose dependent.Implications on the reproductive health of humans
12MW/RF Radiation Exposure Study San Francisco Medical Society Changes in cell membrane functionMajor changes in calcium metabolismChanges in cellular signal communicationCell proliferationActivation of proto- oncogenesNeurodegenerationActivation of cellular heat shock proteins as if heating occurred when it has notChromosome aberrationsMicronucleiReduction in melatonin secretions
13Wi-Fi Alters Gene Expression Department of Medicine, University of Chicago – 2005Exposed cultured human cells to 2.45 GHz221 genes altered expression after 2 hours759 genes altered expression after 6 hoursResults indicated that RF 2.45 GHz can alter gene expression through non-thermal mechanism.
14Why is Wi-Fi so Dangerous? It constantly transmits at full power – doesn’t decrease power when not in useIt is on 24/7Exposure to full power microwave pulses from router every few seconds even if computer off.Scientifically proven biologically activeEvidence of cumulative effects
15Evidence of Cumulative Effects “…results indicate changes in the response characteristics of the nervous system with repeated exposure, suggesting that the effects are not ‘forgotten’ after each episode of exposure”“Neurological Effects of Radiofrequency Radiation, Dept. of Bioengineering, school of Medicine, University of WashingtonSoviets scientists warn of cumulative effects of non-thermal radiation doses, including reproductive and genetic effects
16ELECTROSENSITIVITYElectromagnetic sensitivity recognized internationally – growing health disasterChronic condition/disability of hyper-sensitive reactions to EMRCan only be reversed by reducing exposureEHS Proclamations – Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, New Foundland, VictoriaSome people no recognizable symptoms, but does not mean they are unaffected.
17What does that mean on an everyday basis? DizzinessHeadachesFatigue & AnxietySleep problemsSkin disordersTinnitus (ringing ears)Restless leg syndromeThyroid disordersArrhythmiaRacing heart/palpitationsDigestive changesHigh blood pressureBlood sugar levelsJoint & muscle painMemory & concentration difficulties
18WHO Recognizes EHS…a phenomenon where individuals experience adverse health effects while using or being in the vicinity of devices emanating EMF’s – EHS is a real and sometimes debilitating problem for the affected persons while the level of EMF in their neighborhood is no greater than is encountered in normal living environments. Their exposures are generally several orders of magnitude under the limits in internationally accepted standards.
19WHO Fact Sheet #296, Dec 05Electrohypersensitivity statement – “EHS” The symptoms most commonly experienced include dermatological symptoms (redness, tingling, burning sensations), as well as fatigue, tiredness, concentration difficulties, dizziness, nausea, heart palpitation and digestive disturbances.(*and headaches)3% - 10% - Dr. Johansson, Dept. of Neuroscience, Sweden,Up to 35% - Dr. Havas, University of Trent, TorontoRecognized Disability in Sweden – support/compensationIrish, British, French, Italian, German, Austrian, Chinese, Israeli, Russian, Australian Doctors recognize EHSExpected to afflict 50% of people by 2017
21Special Vulnerability of Children “The developing organs of a child are the most sensitive to any possible effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields.” –University Pittsburgh Cancer Institute“The consequence of prolonged exposures to children, whose nervous systems continue to develop until late adolescence is unknown at this time. This could…result in diminished capacity for thinking, judgment, memory, learning and control over behavior.” – BioInitiative Report
24Our Children at Risk…..Electromagnetic fields are likely to penetrate the brain more deeply for children than adults…due to smaller sized brains and softer brain tissue. – University of Pittsburgh Cancer InstLiving tissue is vulnerable to EMF within the frequency bands used by cell phones, even below the threshold of power imposed by most safety standards, notably an increase in the permeability of the blood brain barrier and increased synthesis of stress proteins.” – U of P Cancer Inst.
25Urgency to Defend Children’s Health We also recommend that wired alternatives to Wi-Fi be implemented, particularly in schools and libraries so that children are not subjected to elevated RF levels until more is understood about possible health impacts.- BioInitiative Reports.
26Canadian Changes Required Biological Standards are required to protect public – educate and lobby governmentCellular companies must produce safer products – consumers demand safetyHard wiring of computers in schools, public places – parents protect childrenSiting of cell towers away from schools and homes and lowering of intensity
27A Human Rights Issue SPEAK OUT – Let people know Remove wireless devices from your homeBreak the cell phone addictionPetition elected officials to stop involuntary exposureWrite to the School/School Board/Minister of Education to hard wire computers in schoolsProtect children as they cannot protect themselves
28What Citizens for Safe Technology is doing Education and SupportCommunity, Political and Legal activitiesPetitionEHS Recovery Centre
29Calling All Good Men & Women! “ The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.”Edmund Burke1729 – 1797Irish political philosopher