Presentation on theme: "Rural Youth Research Internship Project David Thompson & Ashleigh Sauve East Algoma CFDC - CDC of SSM & Area."— Presentation transcript:
Rural Youth Research Internship Project David Thompson & Ashleigh Sauve East Algoma CFDC - CDC of SSM & Area
Background FedNor provides funding to U of Guelph for Rural Youth Research Internship Project (RYRIP) to research Community Futures Program. RYRIP engages 7 youth as research interns with Community Futures Development Corps (CFDCs) in Ontario. Research on community impact of the Community Futures program / effectiveness of CFDCs
Goals of RYRIP 1.Report on the community impact of FedNors CFP 2.Engage rural youth to develop their capacities to conduct research
Four Lines of Inquiry 1.What is the impact of Community development programming of the CFDC? 2.What is the impact of the loans and business programming of the CFDC? 3.What are the youth perspectives on the CFDC role and performance? 4.Has the CFDC program contribution to multi-community identity been effective?
Research Methodology Attended training session w/ faculty from Guelph and FedNor representatives. 10 interviews with loan recipients,5 with key informants. Working together – practical / illuminating Focus groups - CFDC partners
Research Limitations & Challenges Last minute hiring of research interns / CFDC contact by FedNor & NORDIK Summer months and vacation period Representative sample of loan recipients –Summer inconvenient for most loan recipients Line of Inquiry #3 not clear (Youth perspective)
CFDC Profiles: East Algoma CFDC
CFDC Profiles: East Algoma Thessalon Elliot Lake Mining Memorial
East Algoma CFDC Tools for the self-employed – advice, mentorship, and loans. Strategic planning for socio-economic development / economic development projects Support for non-profit / social economy Board have knowledge of being self-employed, are leaders in their communities. The mission of the EACFDC is to work towards a stronger regional economy while preserving the quality of life.
East Algoma CFDC Economic recession to a period of stabilization o Creation of ELNOS (Elliot Lake and North Shore Corporation for Business Development o Cameco, Retirement Living, Cottage lots, Forestry on decline o Change in mindset of leaders "You have to realize that the success in a neighbouring community, spells a positive influence on them as well. Rivalries between communities aren't productive. We're trying to keep that message out there. You're far better to support a neighbour and their efforts if its something that they are better equipped to deal with." ~EACFDC Board Member
What is Business Retention & Expansion? A community-based economic development tool that promotes job growth by helping communities and industries identify barriers to survival and growth facing local business. It is based on the philosophy that existing firms are the key to community economic prosperity
East Algoma CFDC - Emerging business environment Business Retention & Expansion (BR&E) o Survey and interview businesses o Identify & address short-term problems o Identify & address long-term expansion barriers. o Resulted in stronger communication Leaders of CFDC, municipalities, and organizations see opportunities in partnering, but individuals may not. o CFDC helps bring people to the table I think the community as a whole, the more partners they see at the table, the more willing they are to participate, more willing to support, because they go back to this belief that this is really a community project; its not an ELNOS project, or a city project. Were all in the same boat. – William Elliott, General Manager of ELNOS
" C ommunities need to start to realize that they are not just a nucleus of people anymore. They need to broaden their scope of what a community is." East Algoma CFDC Board Member
East Algoma CFDC... builds trust Barriers for communities to work together: o Ego, Territory, Complacency, Competition o Mistrust generated through conception of Elliot Lake Loans program - personal examples of working with businesses CED projects - increase of consulting to the public; stronger partnerships; CFDC supported projects gain credibility Board members - well connected to their communities Leadership Development "What I find East Algoma has set aside, the political arena and were given the opportunity to deal with things in a more a realistic fashion." ~EACFDC Board Member "A lot of the projects that we are running, we are trying to make an effort to consult the public, we are having public meetings, and we're having stakeholder sessions, and something that before BR&E we weren't doing a lot of." ~BR&E Partner
Discretionary Fund Supports other social and cultural development activities, with spin-off economic opportunities. Max $3000 grant – tradeshows, events, recreation (bike races). Partnership building Business Retention & Expansion (BR&E) o Helps boost credibility of programs Strategic planning Consultant hired to carry out community- driven plan What was missing: more participation from private sector, connecting opportunities with communities. East Algoma CFDC - Community Development
East Algoma CFDC - Loans program Not enough loan clients to fully analyze the effectiveness of the Loans Program (4 recipients) Majority wanted to see the business being passed on to their family Self-Employment Benefit Program (overlooked) You dont have to be a farmer, you dont have to be a logger, you dont have to be a business man, anybody can apply for it. East Algoma CFDC Board Member
CFDC Profiles: CDC of SSM & Area
Area is home to two First Nations: The Batchewana First Nation, and the Garden River First Nation. The approximate population is according to Statistics Canada. 7.5% of residents in the area are of an aboriginal identity Anglophones account for 84.7% of the population Francophones account for 4.1% Italian speakers account for 5.8% of the population Context - CDC of SSM & Area
Economic recession to a period of stabilization o NAFTA signed in 1988 o Steel Plant and other manufacturing layoffs leading to 12.9% unemployment in o Between 1990 and 2000, the area saw a drastic decline in the population of children and youth (-18.4% and -12.2% respectively).
Context - CDC of SSM & Area … it was historically… a one industry town; and when that machine sort of stopped producing, stopped rolling forward, it impacted this community in a very significant way. When I arrived it had basically hit rock bottom… There was a big black cloud over the city. People were very depressed… they were very pessimistic, there were people who believed in a brighter future, they were the visionaries … but the average Joe had a bad attitude and was very discouraged and disillusioned. And it was very difficult to live here… I would say that I am a pretty positive person, you know, an entrepreneur is that way. I am about opportunities, I am about growing, I am about achieving something. So when you live in a community where the nature of that community is pessimistic… when there were challenges all around, it became kind of depressing. –CDC loan client
Context - CDC of SSM & Area Public and private sector community development organizations contributed to economic stabilization. I would say that FedNor … and NOHFC has contributed significantly to the changes, to the cultural sensitivities, the issues, the emotional realities of the people who live here, their vision of the future, because now all of a sudden we see investments in those foundational opportunities that create employment and create opportunities -CDC loan Client
Context - CDC of SSM & Area Skills shortage Need for increased funding for community development in order to attract and retain people. Shortage or progressive and proactive people in the community make this a challenge. No action on strategies to attract and retain, despite frequent discussion (Destinys new comer strategy.) Lack of opportunity to grow professionally in a progressive career and in areas that are not traditional or labour oriented.
CDC Community Development Local Initiatives Fund Supports other social and cultural development activities, with spin-off economic opportunities. Max $5000 Also accessible to youth
CDC Community Development Cont… Partnership building Searchmont Ski Resort Destiny Sault Ste. Marie project of the CFDC develops strategies focused on the future help engage public and private sector partnerships to work together towards those strategies being realized. I think people are in a certain mind set, they are very protective… in our area its very territorial and … if you are protective of a territory then you wont see the big picture and you wont actually capitalize on the true opportunity that exist to expand your territory and its not taking something away from you it is actually growing what you were already doing.- CDC Partner
CDC Loans Program Not enough loan clients to fully analyze the effectiveness of the Loans Program (3 recipients) Empowering Entrepreneurs to start businesses and giving them the support they require throughout the business development process through counseling, mentoring, and financial assistance Able to be more flexible and creative with their loan distribution to promote diversity and sustainablility.
Loans Program Cont… Lender of last resort, offering an opportunity to those who would otherwise have nowhere else to go due to their high risk status. Their interest is very high. Too high. 10% - thats ridiculous. But when you find out that they literally are the last resort, and when you find out that you have no other option, you just deal with it. -CDC Loan Recipient
Loans Program If CFDC didn't exist, some of their clients businesses would not have started or been able to stay open. I don't really need the CDC now, but I appreciate that they were there for when I needed them… It kept me from going bankrupt… -CDC Loan Recipient
Youth Perspective Dave and Ashleigh are from the areas they researched. Both sit on the Sault Youth Council
Youth Perspective There is a lack of proactive nature among the people who are working to lead the community forward, or strategic thinking, you know, the big picture for the future, its hard to get people in that mindset because they are just kind of concentrating on the here and now and not really looking to progress, so that has affected me personally because I am very proactive, so its kind of like I am always going against the grain trying to move things forward that people are not really ready to see or they cant comprehend – CDC Partner
Youth Perspective: Out-migration Local Educational institutions have not had a strong presence & need to collaborate –youth need to leave town to go to post secondary schools –New opportunities with Algoma Us independence Weve come into a knowledge based economy right so with the knowledge base economy…if the Sault has a strong academic presence it will have a strong economic presence. – CDC loan client
Youth Perspective: Out Migration Youth often leave for education, which does not prepare them well for the jobs that are here. There is a mismatch between local postsecondary institutions programming, and job opportunities. CFDC is in position to identify educational needs to ed. Institutions.
Youth Perspective: Out Migration … In the past, if they would have taken care of youth, they might not be in this situation cause youth would naturally want to return to an area that they felt part of that community, if they felt heard, that they they were provided for. Right? Cause you usually remember a place… if there was nothing for you here, why would you want to come back? –Skatepark We do not foster an environment for youth that would encourage them to stay. Economic limitations restrict spending on youth development programming, but this needs to change.
Youth Perspective: Out Migration Everybody in this community was saying how much they didnt want young people to leave, yet no one was willing to take the chance to hire them. So I had to create my own opportunity to stay here. I had to make work to be here. – CDC loan client Without young people, this place will die. Its inevitable. – CDC Loan Client
Youth Perspective: CFDC Programming Youth Business Camp LIF grants appeal to youth for events and community initiatives. The SEB program is accessible to youth who have recently been on Employment Insurance. Youth may not be accessing the CFDC loans because: –Lack of awareness about the corporation. –Unable to secure their loan. –Typically, entrepreneurs do not start businesses until they are in their late 20s or older.
Youth Perspective: CFDC Inclusion There are currently no youth staff or board members at the CDC or EACFDC. May have joined when they were under thirty, but are not anymore. Internship program
Regional Collaboration Focus group with three CFDC managers Collaboration is improving these attitudes - particularly through BR&E & strat. plan Youth Entrepreneurship Camp Northern Ont pool allows for loans of up to $500,000 Lack of resources and time restrict the amount of attention that can go to community development. Too busy being reactive to be proactive.
Leadership Development Board serves to link CFDCs with other organizations. (Help with loan apps, contribute knowledge, and help staff). Board are active in municipal councils – some are active as mayors. Youth camp has been building leadership among young people.