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International Fire Code 3 Rule Dennis Epp Heritage Solar, Inc. 2012 Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "International Fire Code 3 Rule Dennis Epp Heritage Solar, Inc. 2012 Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Fire Code 3 Rule Dennis Epp Heritage Solar, Inc. 2012 Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved

2 HERITAGE SOLAR Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved Our Philosophy We Believe that locally produced clean energy is good for our environment, our economy, our families and our future Our goal is to provide our customers with the best equipment, the best installation and the best long term value available on the market today, and we want to do it safely

3 CaliforniaPerfect for Solar Electricity- or at least it was In order for Solar To be Cost Effective you need: Lots of Sunshine High Electricity Rates Net Metering Interconnection Laws Solar Rights for Consumers (California Civil Code 714) Full Access to the roof for Solar Panels to avoid shade, vents, chimneys, skylights and upper roof structure shading Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved

4 Electric Use Residential General Observations Monthly Use Monthly Bill Solar Panels Condo 500-700 kWhs/month $118 23 2000 sq.ft. home 700-800 kWhs/month $150 27 2500 sq.ft. home 800-1000 kWhs/month $196 33 2500 w/pool 1000-1500 kWhs/month $337 50 3000 + w/pool 1500-5000 kWhs/month $1331 160 McMansions 2500-12,000 kWhs/month $5023 400 Roof Space is almost always the limiting factor Larger Systems are most cost effective Most 20 year savings projections are around $200,000 Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved

5 The Perfect Roof Doesnt Exist Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 2 Rows of panels 52 Total Panel Height 104 Perfect 3 Boundary on top Total Roof Height 134 9 Columns of panels 32 Wide 24 Feet of panels 6 Feet of Egress 32 Feet Total Width This roof, essentially, Doesnt exist

6 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 26 Panels Maximum Shading Issues Vent Pipes Skylights Chimneys 3 Rule System Size Loss 13 Panels 50% Reduction $100,000 20 Yr. Savings Loss

7 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 39 Panels Maximum Shading Issues on West Side Vent Pipes 3 Rule System Size Loss 26 Panels 66% Reduction $192,520 20Yr. Savings Loss

8 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 320 14 Panels Maximum Shading Issues on West Side Tall Trees Steep West Roof Vent Pipes 3 Rule System Size Loss 7 Panels 50% Reduction $67,407 20Yr. Savings Loss

9 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 230 27 Panels Maximum Shading to the South Vent Pipes 3 Rule System Size Loss 9 Panels 33% Reduction $66,600 Yr. Savings Loss

10 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 230 42 Panels Maximum Chimney to the South Vent Pipes Second Story Roof Shading 3 Rule System Size Loss 20 Panels 52% Reduction $148,000 20 Yr. Savings Loss

11 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 230 28 Panels Maximum Service Mast to the South Second Story Roof Shading Lower Roof on West Tall Trees and Palms to South And West 3 Rule System Size Loss 14 Panels 50% Reduction $103,600 20 Yr. Savings Loss

12 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 230 20 Panels 3 Rule System Size Loss 0 Panels 0% Reduction $0 20 Yr. Savings Loss

13 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 230 56 Panels 3 Rule System Size Loss 0 Panels 0% Reduction $0 20 Yr. Savings Loss

14 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 230 72 Panels Maximum Multiple Chimneys No Solar on Front of House 3 Rule System Size Loss 27 Panels 38% Reduction $199,800 20 Yr. Savings Loss

15 The 3 Impact in Real Life Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved High Efficiency Sunpower 230 36 Panels Maximum Chopped up Roof 3 Rule System Size Loss 20 Panels 56% Reduction $148,000 20 Yr. Savings Loss

16 Homeowner Economics Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved Average System Size 27 Panels Average 20 year savings $200,000 Number Installations installed CA/Yr. 25,000 System Size Reduction 3 Rule 50% Consumer Lost Savings Forward Looking for 2012 Installations $2.5B

17 Solar Business Economics Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved Average System Size 27 Panels Estimated Number of Solar Employees in California >20,000 Impact of a 50% Reduction in Panel Installation 10,000 Impact to the overall economyHard to tellProbably 30,000 What is the fastest growing sector of the American Economy Solar is the Fastest Growing Sector of the Economy The Mid Atlantic Region is now Beating California for Solar Installations

18 CALIFORNIA STATISTICS Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved 85,165 Systems Sold since January 1, 2006 2155 Companies have sold at least 1 project CA 27 Panels Average System Size (Residential) 5.7 kW Average System Size Average Cost per Watt 2006 $9.00/Watt Average Cost per Watt 2012 $6.25/Watt

19 Other Observations Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved The 3 Rule makes Roof Space much more expensive Solar Installers currently have to deal with Trees, Chimneys, Vents Roof Space is already valuableFire Boundaries exacerbate the issue Sunpower and Sanyo are the highest output but most expensive panels This will shift almost all solar over to the highest cost panels and will limit or eliminate most of the polycrystalline panels installed in the US This will increase the overall cost per watt by at least $2.00 as we shift to smaller systems with the same overhead, and fixed costs Bad news, we will virtually guarantee that Monocrystalline prices will rise

20 Firefighters Deserve a Safe Environment Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved Firefighter Roof Safety is Important Firefighters Should Have 50% of the roof for Egress and Venting without triggering a Fire Authority Review Emergency EgressSuitable pathways for Access and Egress Smoke Ventilation Suitable location for Standard 4x 4 hole Suitable location based on wind direction Suitable location based on Roofing MaterialMost of Orange County is Concrete Tile Most Training videos and actual fire videos indicate that firefighters go up the middle of the roof, remove the tile, use 5 cuts to remove surface plywood, and then use a tool to break through the ceiling drywall. After venting is accomplished, firefighters egress down the middle of the roof to the ladder, avoiding unprotected edges of the roof.

21 Our Employees Deserve a Safe Environment Too Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved Solar Employee Safety is Important to Us What are the most dangerous jobs in AmericaFatalities/100,000 Fisherman 116/100,000 Logger 92/100,000 Airplane Pilot 71/100,000 Farmer and Rancher 41/100,000 Mining Machine Operator 39/100,000 Roofer 32/100,000 Sanitation Worker 30/100,000 Truck Driver and Deliveryman 22/100,000 Industrial Machine Repairman 20/100,000 Police Officer 18/100,000 Fireman 8/100,000 Note, Driving a car = about 15/100,000

22 The 3 Rule Shifts Risk Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved The 3 Rule at the peak shifts Low Risk Low Probability from Firefighters to High Risk High Probability for Solar Installers Solar Installers have a much Higher Probability that we will be on the roof. There is a very low probability that a Fire Fighter will be on the roof and need the 3 easement all the way around the solar array Solar Installers have a much Higher Fatality Rate Solar Installers are on the Edge of the Roof for Extended periods The 3 boundary at the ridge forces most solar arrays to the very bottom edge To install the bottom stanchions, rails and panels: Hook up to a rope Carefully walk to the very bottom edge carrying tools and hardware Sit down on bottom edge of roof Remove Concrete tile in a downward direction With a brush, remove debris Drill a pilot hole Apply adhesive to hardware Lag bolt hardware to rafters Drill hole in concrete tile Replace concrete tile and install final hardware Repeat multiple times to get all of the stanchions in. Install Rails and Grounds Install Solar Panels

23 Fire Statistics Regarding Solar Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved

24 Fire Statistics Regarding Solar Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved In Summary, Since 1982 or so, there have been 7 reported fire incidents in the United States involving solar either directly or indirectly

25 The End of Cheap Oil Hubberts Peak calculations predict worldwide oil production will start to go down2005 Globalization has increased the number of available consumers by 3 billion China and India are expanding rapidly and their demand for oil is tremendous Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved

26 Increasing Electric Grid Loads Cars will become electric or hybrid electric Plug in Cars will significantly increase the load on an already strained electric grid Electric prices in California will skyrocket Electric Rationing may occur In order to maintain lifestyle, individuals will buy solar for their homes Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved

27 How Can California Improve No Fire Review or boundaries if Solar is <40% of Entire Roof No Ridge Boundary if roof is 4:12 or less 1 Foot Ridge Boundary if roof is >4:12 for Firefigher ladders with hooks No Egress Boundaries if Solar <40% of Entire Roof (1) 3 Boundary if Solar is >40% of Entire Roof Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved

28 Conclusion The Cal Solar Fire Guidelines (3 rule) are a colossal unwitting error in judgment that will cost the United States, and California in particular, Billions of Dollars in money that could be saved by consumers and reinvested in the economy without (arguably) improving Firefighter Safety. The Guidelines will have a devastating affect on the Solar Sector and will cause a dramatic reduction in Potential Jobs in the Solar Business. The Original Solar Representatives who commented on the Guidelines in the first 6 months of meetings were unqualified for the task, did not genuinely represent the needs of the Solar Industry and suffered from a lack of imagination and vision. They did not understand the ramifications of the 3 rule or that it would be enforced rigidly The Guidelines neglected to balance installer safety, consumer cost savings, and the greater good to the community, the environment and the economy The Guidelines neglected to balance personal freedom of individuals to install solar on their homes Heritage Solar, Inc. All Rights Reserved


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