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Research and the Art of Writing Research © Postgraduate Research and Research Theses Gabriel J. Byrne BE, MBA(Dub), PhD;

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Presentation on theme: "Research and the Art of Writing Research © Postgraduate Research and Research Theses Gabriel J. Byrne BE, MBA(Dub), PhD;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Research and the Art of Writing Research © Postgraduate Research and Research Theses Gabriel J. Byrne BE, MBA(Dub), PhD; Michael Smurfit Graduate School of Business University College Dublin May 2008 © The copyright to this material belongs to Gabriel J. Byrne BE, MBA(Dub), PhD No copies can be made of this material without permission of the author.

2 Learning objectives for Research Students* 1- To assist the researcher adopt a rigorous academic approach to the execution and writing of their selected research topics. 2- To develop for the researcher an organisational plan to assist the orderly research and documentation of research theses. 3- To identify for researchers acceptable standards in order for them to sign off on completed draft theses before presentation for examination 4- To assist in the preparation of proposals towards candidature for Masters and PhD degrees. * See Riley et al (2000) ; Fisher (2004) in Bibliography

3 Circularity of Research Process (Newtonian beginnings): Title; Introduction; Research Objective; Research Question's); Contribution of Research; Literature Review; Theory (deduced/induced); Hypotheses or Propositions; Collection of Data/evidence; Classification of Data; Testing Hypotheses or Propositions; Conclusions/Implications /Limitations Ask a Question Inform the Question (Lit. Review)

4 Agenda-Common difficulties of research students The title of the research = The research paradigm And the treatment of the research What are the goals of the research To describe? To explain? The circularity of the research process Stating the objective and the research question Why write a literature review? How is it done? Research designs Which ? For What? Why hypotheses? From where? Why data? Why interviews? How should the thesis be prepared?

5 TOPIC Selecting the

6 Selecting the Topic The students most important decision:- –Will it add to knowledge?

7 Straight application of published theory or accepted world view Deduced theory from published theory or accepted world view New Induced Theory from published research or accepted world views Well known domain ( Leadership/Emotional Intelligence) Workmanlike (puzzle solving- *Thomas Kuhn 1970) Mainstream elaboration Renewed interest Emergent domain ( Leadership/Human values/Axiology) Domain extension Domain expansion Frame breaking Future domain (Leadership/Spiral dynamics/Consciousness ) Paradigm extension Trajectory creation Heretical insights Criteria for selecting a good research topic (based on lecture material of Prof. Rita Gunther Mc Grath, Yale University, used in a lecture to Faculty Michael Smurfit Graduate School of Business Spring 2005) Theoretical originality (New knowledge) Domain Originality (Un predictability) * Kuhn T. (1970), The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2 nd Edition, Chicago: Chicago University Press.

8 An example of research using this matrix Steenkamp et al (1999) Cross national investigation into the individual and cultural antecedents of consumer innovativeness

9 Bibliography Adler F. (1956), The Value Concept in Sociology, American Journal of Sociology, 62, pp , see Robinson and Shaver (1971). Bailey K.D. (1987), Methods of Social Research, New York: The Free Press (Div. of Macmillan Publishing Co.), 3 rd Edition. Bridgeman Percy W (1948), The logic of modern physics, New York: Longman Curd, M. and Cover, J.A., Philosophy of Science-The Central Issues, New York: W.W. Norton & Co. pp Ford David 1997, Understanding Business Markets, 2 nd Edition, London: The Dryden Press, Harcourt Brace and Co. Limited). Fisher Colin ((2004), Researching and Writing A Dissertation for Business Students, Harlow, UK: Pearson Education, Prentice Hall Frondizzi R. (1971), What is Value, An Introduction to Axiology, La Salle, Illinois: Open Court Publishing Company, 2 nd Edition. Glaser B and Strauss A.L. (1967), The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research,newYork: Adeline Guttman L. (1968), A general non-metric technique for finding the smallest co-ordinate space for a configuration of points, Psychometrica, 33, pp Hallēn L and J Johanson (1985),Industrial Marketing Strategies and DifferentbNational Environments, in Ford David 1997, Understanding Business Markets, 2nd Edition,London: The Dryden Press, Harcourt Brace and Co. Limited, pp Hair J.F. Jr., Anderson R.E., Tatham R.L. and Black W.C. (1992), Multivariate Data Analysis, New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 3 rd Edition. Hofstede G. (1980), Culture's Consequences - international differences in work related values, Newbury Park, Ca.: Sage Publications Inc. Kelly G.A. (1958), Mans construction of his alternatives, paper delivered at the Syracuse University Symposium on the Assessment of Human Motives, Spring Proceedings of Symposium on the Assessment of Human Motives. Kvale Steiner(1996), An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing, Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage Kelly G.A. (1958), Mans construction of his alternatives, paper delivered at the Syracuse University Symposium on the Assessment of Human Motives, Spring Proceedings of Symposium on the Assessment of Human Motives. Edited by Gardner Lindzey. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press,. Kluckhohn C. (1949), Mirror for Man - the Relation of Anthropology to Modern Life, New York: McGraw Hill Book Company.

10 Bibliography Kluckhohn C. (1951), Values and Value Orientations in the Theory of Action: Towards a General Theory of Action, in An Exploration in Definitions and Classifications, edited by T Parsons and E. Shils, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp Kroeber A.L. (1949), The Concept of Culture in Science, lecture delivered at University of Chicago Symposium on the Landmarks of Scientific Integration, Journal of General Education, no 3, pp ; also in Kroeber A.L. (1952), pp Kroeber A.L. (1951), Is Western Civilisation Disintegrating or Reconstituting, Proceedings of The American Philosophical Society XCV (1951), pp ; also in Kroeber A.L. (1952), pp Kroeber A.L. (1952), The Nature of Culture, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kroeber A.L. and Kluckhohn C. (1963), Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions, Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, New York, Vintage Edition, Editor Alfred A. Knopf. Levi- Strauss C. (1963), Structural Anthropology, vol. 1, translated from the French by Claire Jacobson, and Brooke Grundfest Schoepf, New York: Penguin Books. First translation published 1963, reprinted Kuhn T. (1970), The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2 nd Edition, Chicago: Chicago University Press. Levi-Strauss C. (1963), Structural Anthropology, vol. 1, translated from the French by Claire Jacobson, and Brooke Grundfest Schoepf, New York: Penguin Books. First translation published 1963, reprinted 1993 Husserl E. (1931), Ideas, translated from the German by Boyce and Gibson, London: Geo. Allen Unwin. Losee, J., (1993), A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science 3 rd Edition,Oxford:Oxford University Press Miller, Danny and Jamal Shamsie (2001), "Learning Across the Life Cycle: Experimentation and Performance Among the Hollywood Studio Heads," Strategic Management Journal, August, 22 (8), Madrid: Ediciones Rialp S.A. Moustakas Clark (1994), phenomenological Research Methods,Thousand Oaks, Ca.: Sage Powell, Walter W., and Laurel Smith-Doerr (1994) "Networks and economic life." In N. J. a. S. Smelter, Richard (ed.), The handbook of economic sociology: Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Punch Keith F. (2005), Introduction to Social Research, London: Sage Mordent M. Garcia (1986), El Echo Extraordinaire y Torso Secretes, (The Extraordinary Event and Other Writings), Keith F.(2005), introduction to Social Research, 2 nd Edition, London: Sage, Rudnick G. (1970), Contemporary schools of met science, Gothenburg, Sweden:Akademiforlaget Riley Michael, RoyC. Wood, Mona A. Clark, Eleanor Wilkie and Edith Szivas (2000), Researching and Writing Dissertations in Business and Management, London: Thompson Learning

11 Bibliography Robinson J.P. and Shaver P.R. (1971), Measures of Social Psychological Attitudes, Ann Arbor, Mi.: Survey Research Centre, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, originally published 1969, 3 rd printing. Rokeach M. (1968), Beliefs Attitudes and Values, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass see Robinson and Shaver (1971). Rokeach M. (1973), The Nature of Human Values, New York: Free Press.. Schein E.H. (1991), The Role of the Founder in the Creation of Organizational Culture in Reframing Organizational Culture, edited by Frost P.J., Moore L.F., Meryl Reis L.I., Lundberg C.C., Martin Joanne, Newbury Park, Ca.: Sage Publications Schumpeter J.A. (1991), Essays on Entrepreneurs, Innovation, Business Cycles and the Evolution of Capitalism, Editor R V. Clemence, New Brunswick (USA): London (UK): Transaction Publishers, 2 nd printing. Schwartz S.H. (1992), Universals in the Content and Structure of Values: Theoretical Advances and Empirical Tests in 20 Countries in Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 25, Editor M.P. Zanna, San Diego, Ca.: Academic Press Inc, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Schwartz Shalom H. (1994), Beyond Individualism/Collectivism: New Cultural Dimensions of Values, see Kim and others (1994), pp Schwartz S.H. and Bilsky W. (1987), Toward A Psychological Structure of Human Values, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, pp Schwartz S.H. and Bilsky W. (1990), Toward a Theory Of The Universal Content And Structure of Values, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, pp Sousa Carlos 92003), PhD (not published), Dissertation on Firm Performances and Managers Personal Values in Portugal, University College Dublin, Contact: Stake Robert E ((1995), The Art of Case Study Research,Thousand Oaks, Ca:Sage Steenkamp Jan-Benedict E.M., Frenkel Hofstede and Michael Wedel (1999),Cross national investigation into the individual and cultural antecedents of consumer innovativeness,Journal of Marketing,Vol. 63, April, pp Terpstra V. (1977), The Cultural Environment of International Business, Cincinnati: SouthWestern Publishing Company. Touminen M., Müller K. and Antila Mai (1998), Proceedings 27 th European Marketing Academy Conference May 1998, editor Per Andersson, Stockholm: Proceedings Track 3, pp

12 Bibliography Triandis H.C. (1978), Some universals of social behaviour, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4, pp Triandis H.C. (1990), Cross Cultural Studies of Individualism and Collectivism, a paper given at the Nebraska Symposium on Motivation 1989, symposium papers edited by J. Barman, and published by University of Nebraska Press. Von Bertanlaffy L. (1968), General Systems Theory: Foundations, Development, and Application, New York: George Braziller. Vroom, Victor H., and Philip W. Yetton (1973), Leadership and Decision-making. London: Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburg Press Walker Jr., Orville C., and Robert W. Ruekert (1987) "Marketing's role in the implementation of business strategies: a critical review and conceptual framework." Jpournal of Marketing, 51: Whorf B.L. (1956), Language Thought and Reality, New York: John Wiley and Sons. Yin Robert K (1993), Applications of Case Study Research,Newbury Park: Sage Yin Robert K (1994), Case Study Research Design and Methods,Thousand Oaks,Ca.: Newbury Park, Ca.: Sage


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