Figure 3.1B Length. Carbon skeletons vary in length. Ethane Propane Butane Isobutane Branching. Skeletons may be unbranched or branched. Double bonds. Skeletons may have double bonds. 1-Butene2-Butene Cyclohexane Benzene Rings. Skeletons may be arranged in rings.
Figure 3.14_s2 Gene DNA Transcription RNA Nucleic acids
Figure 3.14_s3 Gene DNA Transcription RNA Protein Translation Amino acid Nucleic acids
Nucleic acids are built from nucleotides Phosphate group Sugar Nitrogenous base (adenine) Nucleotides have three parts: –a five-carbon sugar called ribose in RNA and deoxyribose in DNA, –a phosphate group, and –a nitrogenous base.
Figure 3.15C Base pair A C T G C CG T A CG A T T A G C T A T A A T
Figure 3.UN01 Short polymer Monomer Dehydration Hydrolysis Longer polymer
Figure 3.UN03_1 Carbohydrates Monosaccharides Lipids (dont form polymers) Glycerol Components of a fat molecule Fatty acid f. Hormones e. Phospholipids Plant cell support Starch, glycogen Energy for cell, raw material Functions Examples Classes of Molecules and Their Components b. a. c. d. Energy storage
Figure 3.UN03_2 Functions Examples Classes of Molecules and Their Components Proteins g.h. i. Nucleic Acids Amino acid o. q. Nucleotide s. Receive signals DNA and RNA Receptor protein Heredity Storage Egg albumin Antibodies Signal proteins Muscles Hair, tendons Lactase Transport Communication n. l. j. m. r. p. k.