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1 Source:
FESTIVALS OF INDIA - Anil Kumar Cheerla Source:

2 India – Heritage & Culture
India - Oldest civilization with rich cultural heritage dating back to 8000 BC Cultural diversity – a unique assimilation of ethnic groups with different languages, culture, religion, race, dance, music and architecture A land of festivals and fairs – regions with unique social and cultural identities Festivals symbolize the spirit of tolerance, harmony and universal peace

3 Festivals of India Festivals pertain to different occasions
welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains, or the full moon celebrate religious occasions birthdays of divine beings and saints or the advent of the New Year Festivals - Combinations of religious ceremonies, semi-ritual spectacles, worship, prayer, lustrations, processions, music, dances, magical acts, eating, drinking, love and feeding the poor


5 List of Selected Festivals
Hindu Festivals Baisakhi Basant Panchami Diwali Durga Puja Onam Holi Janmasthami Karwa Chauth Mahashivaratri Makar Sankranti Naag Panchmi Ganesh Puja Navratri Pongal Rakhi Ramnavami Christian Festivals 17. Christmas 18. Ester 19. Good Friday Sikh Festivals 20. Guru Nanak Jayanti 21.Lohri Muslim Festival 22.Bakra Eid 23. Eid-ul-fitr 24. Muhorram Buddhist Festival 25. Buddha Purnima Jain Festival 26. Mahavir Jayanti National Festivals 27.Independence Day 28.Republic Day 29.Gandhi Jayanti 30.Children’s Day Teacher’s Day

6 Holi A Complete Festival. Its about Color of life Successful Harvest
New Year Harmony across all barriers Bonfire at night, throw colored water and feast

7 Ganesh Utsav Festival in honor of Ganesha, elephant
headed deity – remover of obstacles Celebrated for 10 days Huge clay idols made, decorated Prayers offered, idols immersed in a river, lake or the sea

8 Janmashtami Human incarnation of Lord Vishnu as
Krishna – born to kill demon King Kansa Date: Eighth day of the dark fortnight in the month of Sravana (July-August) Fasting, praying, temples and homes are beautifully decorated and lit Rasalila performances

9 Rakshabandhan Celebrates the love of a brother for his Sister
Celebrated on the full-moon day of the Hindu month of Sravana (July/August) Sisters tie rakhi for protection against evil influences Prayers for long life and happiness

10 Navratri Celebration of mother goddess – Durga
Symbolizes victory of good over evil Fasting for nine days Sing, dance and merriment

11 Deepawali Festival of lights symbolizing the victory of
righteousness and the lifting of spiritual darkness Celebrated on the 15th day of Kartika (October/November) Illuminated Streets lamps, homes decorated with colors and candles New clothes, firecrackers and sweets Deepawali

12 Ramanavami Commemorates the birth of Rama, emblem of righteousness
Symbolizes defeat of evil Celebrated on the on the ninth day after the new moon in Sukul Paksh (April) Sing devotional bhajans, offer prayers  and distribute prasad

13 Id-ul-Zuha Festival of great rejoice, special prayers and
exchange of greetings and gifts Commemorates the life of Ismail, son of Ibrahim. Devotion to Allah and his desires Tradition of sacrificing a goat completion of Haj

14 Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebration of the birth anniversary of Guru
Nanak Dev, the founder of the Sikh faith Religion - a single God who is the eternal truth Three-day Akhand Path – reading holy sikh book Processions, religious hymns & community lunch

15 Christmas Birth of Jesus Christ, the Son of God
Midnight mass and merrymaking group dances Carols, and message of love and brotherhood decorate homes with trees, exchange greetings and gifts

16 Conclusion Festivals represent the spirit of Indian culture and society Represents people from diverse backgrounds, regions, communities and religion People revel in the feeling of friendship, brotherhood and revelry – brings harmony, peace and universal brotherhood


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