1ERA GLONASS project Road Accident Emergency Response System Vladimir VozhzhovDeputy CEONavigation-Information Systems JSC16 February 2011
2Navigation-Information Systems, JSC: Public Private Partnership Government of RussiaNISBoard of DirectorsSergey Shoigu (Chairman)Minister of Emergency SituationsIgor LevitinMinister of TransportNaum MarderDeputy Minister of TelecomAnatoly PerminovHead of the Federal Space AgencyVladimir EvtushenkovSistema Chairman of the Boardand other membersMTS – Leading Russian and World Top 10 MNO by number of subscribersCOMSTAR – Leading Russian supplier of integrated telecommunication solutionsSitronics – Leading Eastern European high-tech companyRTI Systems – Leading system integrator in the field of Radar/Radio technologies and ground control systemsand other companiesFederal SpaceAgencyState CompanyRussian SpaceSystemsSistema Joint Stock Financial Corporation is the largest public financial company in Russia and the CIS. With its highly diverse portfolio, Sistema manages companies serving over 100 million customers in various markets including telecommunications, high-tech, oil and energy, radio and aerospace, banking, real estate, retail, mass media, tourism, and healthcare.
3ERA GLONASS Project Environment Citizens: millionsCars: millionsTrucks: 5.3 millionsBuses:Territory: km211 large cities1 140 medium-sized townsvillageskm of local roadskm of main roadsRoad Accidents in 2009:accidentsinvolving injuryinjuriesfatalitiesTo date, Emergency Answering Service Points are structured by type of emergency: fire / police / ambulance.The 112 System is in early stages of implementation.
4For comparison: this ratio is 0.01 in Germany Situation on Russian roads: Growing Number of Cars on the Road / Low SafetyNumber of Cars, thousandSource: Rosstat (as of year beginning)Severity of road accidents (fatalities/number of accidents)Source: State Traffic Safety InspectorateFor comparison: this ratio is 0.01 in GermanyPassenger cars per 1,000 peopleSource: Rosstat (as of year beginning)3%Death in hospitalInstantaneous deathin road accidentStructure of road accident fatalities, % ("golden hour")Source: Health and Social Development MinistryDeath before arrival at hospital41 %56 %Improving road safety calls for a number of organizational and technical measures ensuring a shorter ambulance response time.
5Road Safety in Russia vs Other Countries Number of deaths per 100 injured in road accidents in different countriesCountryNumber of deathsJapan1,3%United Kingdom1,4%Canada1,9%USA2,0%Italy3,0%Sweden3,3%Norway3,8%CountryNumber of deathsSouth Korea4,2%Spain5,8%Hungary6,4%France6,7%Greece8,3%Turkey9,0%Poland10,3%RUSSIA: 12 – 14%
6ERA GLONASS: Interaction with System-112 and Emergency Response Services MINISTRY OF EMERGENCIES REGIONAL CENTERSYSTEM-112ERA GLONASS INFRASTRUCTUREGSM, 3G, LTEGLONASS/GPSON ROAD ACCIDENTSINFORMATIONPREVENTION OF ROAD ACCIDENTSINFORMATION FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE (AMBULANCE, RESCUE, POLICE):LOCATION AND TIME OF THE ACCIDENTINFORMATION ABOUT THE CAR AND ACCIDENT SEVERITYINFORMATION ABOUT ROAD ACCIDENTTRAFFIC SAFETY CONTROLPREVENTION OF ROAD ACCIDENTSERA-GLONASS IN-VEHICLE SYSTEMLOCATION AND TIME OF THE ACCIDENTVEHICLE INFORMATION (VIN)INFORMATION ABOUT ACCIDENT SEVERITYADDRESS OF THE ACCIDENTRECORDING OF VEHICLE ACCELERATION AND OTHER PARAMETERS OF THE ACCIDENTGATHERING INFORMATION ON CURRENT TRAFFIC SITUATION
7ERA GLONASS Project History June2009The ERA-GLONASS project concept developed as a basis for promoting the use of GLONASS technologyJuly 2009The ERA-GLONASS project presented by the Russian Space Systems JSC at the meeting of the taskforce of the Presidential Commission of Economic Modernization and Technical DevelopmentOctober 2009The ERA-GLONASS project approved by the Presidential Commission of Economic Modernization and Technical DevelopmentApril2010The Presidential Commission of Economic Modernization and Technical Development endorsed the ERA-GLONASS project roadmapMay2010The Russian Government Resolution No.731-r of May 14, 2010 designated NIS JSC as the sole contractor for the ERA-GLONASS project.May2010The Russian Government awarded Contract No.778-П001/10 for ERA-GLONASS project front-end engineering design (FEED) to NIS JSC (May 25, 2010)
8ERA-GLONASS: System Design Milestones and Activities 2010FEED Startup2011Building the system2012Pilot testing2013Full-scale operationLegislation enabling the creation and operation of ERA-GLONASS SystemMay 2010Start ofERA-GLONASS project (Government Contract signed)2013ERA-GLONASSfull-scale operationstartup1Design of ERA-GLONASS SAS infrastructure2Integration with emergency response services3Equipping vehicles with ERA-GLONASS terminals4Development of value-added services based on ERA-GLONASS infrastructure5Commercial operation of the ERA-GLONASS system will start in 2013.
9Architecture of Russian ERA GLONASS and European eCall Systems
10Open Architecture of the ERA-GLONASS System End UsersERA-GLONASS InfrastructureService Delivery PlatformMVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator)Data NetworkPrecise Positioning SystemNetwork of Navigation Information CentersOperators of fleet managementsystemsInsurance CompaniesToll road operatorsStolen Vehicle Recovery service providersLocation-based service providersLocation-based content providersERA-GLONASS system: the basis for integration of navigation information systems.
11ERA-GLONASS: Infrastructure facilitating the Expansion of GLONASS Technologies in Russia Geographical distribution of the ERA GLONASS infrastructure:Moscow: Federal Navigation Information Center (FNIC);15 Regional Navigation Information Centers (RNIC);83 service centers for technical support;Maximum coverage with cellular networks (based on MVNO – mobile virtual network operator);High-precision positioning network.To date:70 regional dispatch centers deployed (October 2010);System architecture and functionality developed;MVNO license and communication network code 55 obtained, numbering range ( ) secured – 100 million numbers;Two pilot projects in progress (in the Kaluga and Ryazan regions).St. PetersburgArchangelskDubnaMoscowKalugaStaryi OskolChistopolSaratovKrasnodarUfaVolgogradKrasnoyarskNovosibirskKhabarovskBarnaulERA-GLONASS project provides infrastructure for the broad use of GLONASS technologies
12MVNO Advantages One party responsible for: Optimization of service coverage area and roaming issuesMSD reception on infrastructure side and data delivery to PSAP systemProcessing of emergency SMS by a dedicated SMS CenterSIM-cards logistics and provisioningNumbering
13NIS JSC Navigation Information System is Designed with the Use of Advanced Technologies Provided by Leading Russian and Global CompaniesReliable and secure communication linesSingle multiservice platformCentralized billingHigh-precision positioningUnified map resources
14Stolen Vehicle Recovery systems Onboard navigation equipment The ERA-GLONASS Terminal Provides the Platform for Multipurpose Onboard DevicesERA-GLONASS navigation and communication terminalFleet ManagementSystemsToll road system(12-ton trucks)Additional equipmentAdditional FunctionalityStolen Vehicle Recovery systemsDigital tachographs…Onboard navigation equipmentInstallation of ERA-GLONASS terminals will be mandatory for vehicle categories M and Nas of 2013.
15ERA GLONASS Global Awareness and Product Plans Information provided to the leading automotive electronics suppliersQUANTACOMPUTERBase and extended aftermarket / retrofit product development proposals received from 8 global companies
16ERA-GLONASS Local Awareness and Product Plans Information provided to the Russian the following companiesCompanies proposals review ongoing
17Support of Value-Added Services by Different Versions of ERA-GLONASS Terminal
18ERA-GLONASS Navigation Information Service Simulator
19ERA GLONASS Project Status Draft amendments to Technical Regulations on Vehicle Safety were published and passed public discussion. Presently, the amendments are undergoing the state approval process.Draft IVS requirements were circulated and discussed with project stakeholders.ERA GLONASS infrastructure design is in progress. Infrastructure will be available to support trials from the beginning of 2011, full-scale pilot projects from the beginning of 2012 and be ready for production by the end of 2012.NIS was licensed as the Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO).The drafting of regulations for 112-call prioritization is currently in progress.Pilot projects were launched in two regions (Kaluga and Ryazan). Two more regions (the Moscow region and the Leningrad region) will join the pilot program this year.The pilot program in the Leningrad region is being designed to support the cross-border ERA GLONASS / eCall joint pilot project with Finland.
20Amendments to Regulations on Vehicle Safety Amendments are proposed to come into effect on January 1, 2013 for all vehicles manufactured after this date.Retrofit IVS configuration is allowed, as well as OEM preinstalled configuration.GLONASS should be used to locate the vehicle either alone or in combination with other systems (GPS and/or GALILEO).IVS should enable automatic and manual emergency call with MSD transmission.The regulations contain provisions for recording and transmission of the acceleration profile before, and in the course of, the accident.The IVS system shall report its status at preconfigured time intervals as part of its operability control. If it identifies an internal failure, the system reports such a failure immediately.It should be possible to initiate IVS test from the vehicle at a service center or in course of technical inspection.
21In-Vehicle System Requirements MSD transmission mechanismETSI in-band modem (primary method)SMS (secondary method);SMS can be used at the request of the PSAP operator (if voice call was established, but data could not be transmitted in-band) or initiated by IVS if voice call could not be established;Testing mode for user-initiated IVS functional test;OTA configuration;OTA firmware update;Optional functional requirements to support value-added services.Requirements were discussed with more than 10 global, and more than 15 Russian suppliers of telematic systems. Received comments will be incorporated into a stable version of the requirements to be finalized in November.
22112-calls prioritization 112-calls prioritization is an important component of ERA GLONASS project.NIS will prepare a proposal by the end of this year for mandatory use of relevant standards (listed below) to ensure that 112-calls are prioritized throughout all segments, where technically possible.Mandate is expected to be issued by state authorities in 2011.ETSI TSDigital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Mobile Switching Centre - Base Station system (MSC-BSS) interface; Layer 3 specificationETSI TSDigital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; Organization of subscriber dataETSI TSDigital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; Quality of Service (QoS) concept and architectureETSI TSUniversal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS);UTRAN Iu interface Radio Access Network Application Part (RANAP) signallingETSI TSUniversal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Radio Resource Control (RRC); Protocol specificationETSI TSDigital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocolITU-T RFC4412Communications Resource Priority for the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)ITU-T RFC4411Extending the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Reason Header for Preemption EventsITU Q.735.3Stage 3 description for community of interest supplementary services using Signalling System No. 7: Multi-level precedence and preemption
23ConclusionsHarmonization of ERA GLONASS and European eCall standards is required to provide service coverage for European vehicles in Russia and Russian vehicles in the EU.Aligned requirements will create benefits for both projects, and the industry, by increasing the reuse factor of IVS and infrastructure components.Coordinated efforts in system design and implementation activities in Russia and the EU will allow early access to important results and sharing of best practices.