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Pulse on the TDL Market A Comprehensive Assessment of Workforce Needs in the Transportation, Distribution & Logistics Sector April 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Pulse on the TDL Market A Comprehensive Assessment of Workforce Needs in the Transportation, Distribution & Logistics Sector April 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pulse on the TDL Market A Comprehensive Assessment of Workforce Needs in the Transportation, Distribution & Logistics Sector April 2012

2 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 20132 Agenda Goals/Purpose of this Report Participating Companies Executive Summary Overall Trends –Hiring Trends –Recruitment Practices –Skill Sets & Ongoing Development Industry-Specific Trends –Rail –Trucking –Supply Chain/Logistics Best Practices Challenges & Recommendations Appendix

3 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 20133 Goals/Purpose of This Report 2007: Detroit Regional Chamber embarked on mission to leverage regions transportation assets for future business attraction 2008: Translinked created to strategically plan regions future logistics and mobility resources with a focus on developing a world-class and globally recognized transportation and logistics hub. 2012: Manpowergroup Solutions retained to support Workstream 3 of Translinked workstreams: Design a truly regional economic development strategy for the TDL sector – informed by NEI – and conduct the appropriate economic analyses. Translinked Six Workstreams

4 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 20134 Participating Companies

5 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 20135 Executive Summary Overall sense of cautious optimism about the future. Companies focused on challenges with aging workforce: –Attracting the talent to replace the retiring workforce against demographics that cant support future needs. –Capturing and transferring the knowledge from the outgoing workforce. As economy improves, competition for talent will be more difficult than ever, so need for talent pipelines stronger than ever. Greater need to develop key transferable skills (personal, technical, leadership) in order to be successful in a sector thats constantly changing due to technology, regulations, customer needs, and competition. Top Workforce Issues Facing TDL Companies Emerging from recession Aging workforce (impending retirements) Fierce competition for talent Lack of pipeline for talent & leaders Lack of transferable skills (business acumen, communication, leadership) Retaining talent Entitlement mentality (pay, promotions, job security) Legislative changes (Healthcare, safety, etc.) Top Workforce Issues Facing TDL Companies Emerging from recession Aging workforce (impending retirements) Fierce competition for talent Lack of pipeline for talent & leaders Lack of transferable skills (business acumen, communication, leadership) Retaining talent Entitlement mentality (pay, promotions, job security) Legislative changes (Healthcare, safety, etc.) FYI

6 Overall Trends

7 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 20137 Overall Trends 1. Hiring Trends Reported Hiring Trends Last 1-3 Yrs Reported Hiring Trends Next 1-2 Yrs Overall employment numbers for most companies interviewed have been either flat or slightly decreasing for past 1-3 years. Most companies are anticipating an increase in hiring of around 1-3% for full-time and contingent positions. Recovering auto industry cited as helping to drive some of these positive numbers. Some companies focusing hiring efforts on veterans and spouses of veterans. Some companies targeting retirees to address knowledge transfer issues (trucking industry in particular has had success in attracting baby boomers). In some cases, companies have brought back people who were laid off during recession.

8 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 20138 Overall Trends 1. Hiring Trends (Cont.) Top Reasons Employees Give for Leaving Company Not challenged enough Better opportunity Unclear expectations Want less travel Advancement Higher compensation Not treated fairly Lack of leadership Personal reasons (life change; career change) Bad manager Perception that you have to leave to get promoted quicker Top Reasons Employees Give for Leaving Company Not challenged enough Better opportunity Unclear expectations Want less travel Advancement Higher compensation Not treated fairly Lack of leadership Personal reasons (life change; career change) Bad manager Perception that you have to leave to get promoted quicker Top Reasons Employees Give for Staying with Company Feeling valued and respected Financial stability and satisfaction Good leadership Like the team Reputation of company Satisfaction and confidence in role and responsibilities Part of decision-making Top Reasons Employees Give for Staying with Company Feeling valued and respected Financial stability and satisfaction Good leadership Like the team Reputation of company Satisfaction and confidence in role and responsibilities Part of decision-making Reasons employees stay with companies & leave companies

9 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 20139 Overall Trends 2. Recruitment Practices Most organizations use internal HR/Recruitment organizations to find talent. Sourcing channel cited most frequently is career page on a companys own website (very few use print advertising). Many focus on internal networking and hiring & promoting from within when possible. Others tapping into local associations for targeted recruiting (e.g. Society of Women Engineers; Black MBAs, etc.) Some positions rely mostly on relationships with unions in order to find talent (e.g. skilled trades such as carpentry, electrical, drivers, etc). Some re-evaluating their recruitment practices, training & on-boarding programs to streamline processes and drive towards better efficiencies.

10 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201310 Benefits of Having a Strong Employer Brand Higher quality candidate pool More candidates who match role requirements and relate to the organization's culture increased attraction and closing of passive candidates Decreased application-to-hire ratio Lower rate of offer rejection Decreased time-to-fill and cost- per-hire ratios Lower turnover More employee referrals higher levels of employee engagement Increased productivity Benefits of Having a Strong Employer Brand Higher quality candidate pool More candidates who match role requirements and relate to the organization's culture increased attraction and closing of passive candidates Decreased application-to-hire ratio Lower rate of offer rejection Decreased time-to-fill and cost- per-hire ratios Lower turnover More employee referrals higher levels of employee engagement Increased productivity Overall Trends 2. Recruitment Practices (Cont.) Many companies focusing on their employer brand in order to differentiate themselves competitively in the marketplace Areas of focus for employment branding include: -Company culture -Innovation -Flexibility & empowerment -Stable environment/company -Ability to grow -Pay/benefits -Part of decision-making -Strong management & leadership FYI

11 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201311 Top Michigan Colleges/Universities Cited for Recruiting Talent Central Michigan Michigan State Univ of Michigan Michigan Tech Wayne State Univ Ferris State Univ Eastern Michigan Univ Northern Michigan Univ Michigan Institute of Aviation & Technology Michigan Technological Univ Top Michigan Colleges/Universities Cited for Recruiting Talent Central Michigan Michigan State Univ of Michigan Michigan Tech Wayne State Univ Ferris State Univ Eastern Michigan Univ Northern Michigan Univ Michigan Institute of Aviation & Technology Michigan Technological Univ Most companies have active college recruiting strategies which include campus visits, guest lectures, mentoring programs, presence at job fairs, networking events & apprentice programs. Senior leaders in some organizations have aligned themselves with specific schools in order to foster deeper relationships. Success Story: Central Michigan provides part-time and summer jobs and internships for students enrolled in Transportation & Logistics programs. Companies cite that graduates from these programs come into the job market with stronger skills around flexibility, negotiation and the ability to make sound business decisions. Overall Trends 2. Recruitment Practices (Cont.) FYI

12 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201312 Overall Trends 2. Recruitment Practices (Cont.) Although the primary channel for college recruits comes from in-state colleges and universities, many companies actively recruit from campuses outside of Michigan. Some of the main reasons cited for recruiting out-of-state were: -Maintain an active pipeline of future candidates -Want to bring in more diversity -Not enough qualified candidates coming from in-state schools -In-state schools dont offer enough needed programs (e.g. vehicle maintenance & management programs) -Helps to address mobility issues(out of state recruits tend to be more comfortable relocating & traveling) -Want to find best nationwide talent and bring it to Michigan Top Out-of-State Colleges/Universities Cited for Recruiting Talent Miami Univ (Ohio) Purdue Penn State University of Florida Clark Atlanta Univ Duke Univ Cornell Univ of Illinois Univ of Wisconsin Georgia Institute of Technology Top Out-of-State Colleges/Universities Cited for Recruiting Talent Miami Univ (Ohio) Purdue Penn State University of Florida Clark Atlanta Univ Duke Univ Cornell Univ of Illinois Univ of Wisconsin Georgia Institute of Technology FYI

13 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201313 Overall Trends 3. Skill Development Transferable skills needed for success across TDL sector: -Technical Skills: Essential to a particular industry/function -Personal Skills: Essential for any role (a.k.a. soft skills) -Leadership Skills: Essential for inspiring & motivating others and for building organizational capability Most companies have internal development and incentive programs to attract, retain and develop their employees such as: -New hire training/on-boarding -Management/leadership training programs -Tuition reimbursement -Mentor programs -Internships -On-the-job training -Career path ladders -Mandated training (hazardous cargo, compliance, safety, TSA, etc.)

14 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201314 Top 5 Difficult to Find Positions 1.Engineers (Mechanical, Technical, PowerTrain, Project, Electrical, Logistics) 2.Sales & Business Development 3.Experienced Drivers (heavy/tractor trailer, forklift) 4.Skilled Trades (mechanics, manufacturing, welders) 5.Niche Technologies (Supply Chain, IT, Hybrid, Mobile Applications) Top 5 Difficult to Find Positions 1.Engineers (Mechanical, Technical, PowerTrain, Project, Electrical, Logistics) 2.Sales & Business Development 3.Experienced Drivers (heavy/tractor trailer, forklift) 4.Skilled Trades (mechanics, manufacturing, welders) 5.Niche Technologies (Supply Chain, IT, Hybrid, Mobile Applications) Overall Trends 3. Skill Development (Cont.) Blending of disciplines is becoming more common (e.g. mechanical, electrical, hydraulic), making it necessary for more specialization and cross- training of skills. Many companies report having difficulty finding candidates who are both qualified to do the work and who want to do the work. Reasons candidates dont want the job include: -Mobility(dont want to relocate or travel) -Think they should be at a higher level (dont want to pay their dues) -Compensation issues -Dont see career path/advancement opportunities -Dont think theyll be challenged enough -Dont like shift FYI

15 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201315 Overall Trends 3. Skill Development (Cont.) Unrealistic expectations: Guidance counselors often over-selling job. Lack of well-rounded experience: Lacking other skills needed to succeed (e.g. business acumen, understanding P&L, budgeting, communication, collaboration, innovative thinking, etc.) Mobility issues: Not willing to relocate or travel. No set career path: Perception that you have to move to another company to advance in career. Engineering positions particularly difficult to fill and retain for many organizations due to a variety of reasons:

16 Industry Specific Trends

17 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201317 Industry Specific Trends 1. Rail The Freight Railroad Administration (FRA) has identified six industry challenges that have been included in USDOT Framework for a National Transportation Workforce Strategy: Aging railroad workforce – highlighting need for knowledge transfer. Workforce diversity – shortages of women and minorities in the rail workforce. Overall image of the rail industry – declining and stagnant technologically. Need for national training standards – for freight rail craft and trade positions. Work-life balance issues – attrition among employees with less than five years of service. Availability of suitable metrics – to constantly monitor the collective railroad workforce.

18 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201318 Industry Specific Trends 1. Rail (Cont.) As more technology makes its way into railroad operations, more cross-disciplinary workers will be needed to handle advanced machinery and equipment as well as safely operate the rail yard. Train engineers will have to be trained on the use of new positive train control (PTC) technologies and mechanics will have to be adept at maintaining such systems. The future rail yard worker will need to have enhanced computer oriented skills as well as knowledge of other advanced technologies coupled with knowledge in their domain area to be successful. Some companies have found success by hiring from the ex-military pool as potential employees because they are familiar with the vital importance of safety rules and operating on a 24/7 schedule. There are approximately 3,689 freight rail workers in Michigan 80% of all rail workers are unionized The average age of a rail worker is 48 Average wages & benefits per rail worker is $97,240 Conductor training costs about $20,000 and lasts 12-15 weeks The railroad industry is running a public relations campaign called Freight Rail Works to highlight rails clean and green qualities There are approximately 3,689 freight rail workers in Michigan 80% of all rail workers are unionized The average age of a rail worker is 48 Average wages & benefits per rail worker is $97,240 Conductor training costs about $20,000 and lasts 12-15 weeks The railroad industry is running a public relations campaign called Freight Rail Works to highlight rails clean and green qualities FYI

19 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201319 Industry Specific Trends 2. Trucking Despite a high U.S. unemployment rate of 8.3%, truck drivers are still in short supply. Trucking-labor costs declined during the recession, so some of the projected wage increases will be catch-up. Increased wages for employees will most likely result in increased prices for customers according to the National Industrial Transportation League. U.S. trucking companies may face a 30% surge in wage bills by 2014 as rising demand for freight shipments threatens to push industrys driver shortage to the longest on record. Trucking companies with too-few drivers and strong demand can be more selective in giving priority to the most-lucrative, easy-to-haul cargo. Top Issues Facing Trucking Industry The economy Rise in wages Hours of Service (HOS) changes Driver shortage Compliance Safety Accountability (CSA) Fuel costs Top Issues Facing Trucking Industry The economy Rise in wages Hours of Service (HOS) changes Driver shortage Compliance Safety Accountability (CSA) Fuel costs FYI

20 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201320 There are approximately 45,660 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers in Michigan There will be a national shortfall of approximately 300,000 full-time trucking positions by 2013 (10% of the workforce) Fleet operators spend around $5,000 to $8,000 to recruit and train a new driver There are approximately 45,660 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers in Michigan There will be a national shortfall of approximately 300,000 full-time trucking positions by 2013 (10% of the workforce) Fleet operators spend around $5,000 to $8,000 to recruit and train a new driver FYI Industry Specific Trends 2. Trucking (Cont.) Training for truck drivers generally provided by private training schools. Courses are typically 4-6 weeks long and cost several thousand dollars. Some gaps from truck driving schools, especially around new technologies (e.g. DataColumns, RF scans, etc.) Pennsylvania, Texas, and Oklahoma offer state funded programs to address shortage of drivers. The state provides certification and hires graduates for short-term assignments to provide needed experience. Many companies require drivers with a minimum of two years materials hauling experience before being hired, citing safety as the main reason. Many drivers out of school find jobs with companies that deliver goods nationwide. They gain their two years of experience on the road, then often return to find a job that keeps them more local.

21 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201321 Industry Specific Trends 3. Supply Chain/Logistics Previously discrete sectors of warehousing, freight forwarding and logistics consulting & planning are converging at a rapid pace with the rising importance of holistic supply chain management. Soft skills and cross cultural skills becoming increasingly important as supply chains become more global. Cross functional skills also gaining importance. Supply chain professionals need to understand specific market category – as well as the supply chain process associated with making, shipping, and selling that category. Candidates often have depth in one area and not the other. Some companies are using rotational programs to increase employees knowledge and depth.

22 Best Practices

23 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201323 Best Practices Description Innovation Summer internship program that selects 25-30 of the best college students from around the country. Program provides real-life construction experience where students learn about different building types and delivery methods while gaining on-the-job experience. 95% of graduating interns are hired by their sponsoring company. LEAPS Program Program that mobilizes educators, employers, and community leaders in companys Nashville, TN location to create a new generation of young people who will graduate from high school college- and career-ready. Program consists of transforming learning initiatives centered around three strands: 1) Teaching and Learning; 2) Redesigning High Schools and 3) Sustaining Change Through Business and Civic Leadership. Partnership for Advanced Studies

24 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201324 Best Practices (Cont.) Description Innovation Group of high potential employees selected to become a cohort group that gets to participate in various strategic decisions that affect the company. Designed to instill a sense of ownership and build skills around critical thinking, innovation, business planning, and problem solving. Group meets with Sr Leadership once a month to focus on different area. Program has been well received and has resulted in high retention rates and promotions among members. Junior Development Group Several companies reported strong relationships with colleges & Universities that shared some similar success factors: Sr leader assigned to a particular school/college dean Participation and influence in school curriculum (guest lectures) Discussion of employment needs and opportunities Sponsoring networking events, internships, town hall meetings Building a pipeline of future hires College Partnerships

25 Challenges & Recommendations

26 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201326 Challenges & Recommendations How Do We Dream Big and Get More Lift? 1.School counselors 2.Perception of TDL industry 3.K-12 educational system 4.Post-secondary educational system 5.Finding talent Focus on five key areas:

27 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201327 Challenges & Recommendations Recommendation Description Category College career counselors, high school counselors and job placement organizations are influential intermediaries who dont have enough current information about TDL career choices. Steering students towards either college or other career choices outside the TDL sector. Set unrealistic expectations by over- selling positions Dont have enough current real world business experience. Active outreach to career counselors at the high school and college levels to educate on various industries and sub-sets of industries in TDL. Help job seekers make informed choices about TDL career options; offer vocational careers as a viable alternative to obtaining a college degree. Discuss realities and possibilities of job (dont over- or under-sell a job). Invite counselors to job site so they can see first-hand what the job/sector is really about.

28 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201328 Challenges & Recommendations (Cont.) Recommendation Description Category Most individuals not currently working in TDL industry do not have a strong opinion about the industry, but where they do hold opinions, they were generally negative. TDL industry not always perceived as a technology-intensive industry. TDL jobs sometimes perceived as: -Unexciting and repetitive, demanding long hours and hard physical labor -Underpaid and lacking in benefits -Jobs you take while you look for a career somewhere else Create regional campaign highlighting the TDL sector; position Southeast Michigan as a destination for high tech, high paying jobs. Community leaders need to emphasize vocational careers more in order to remove perceived negative stigma. Offer more internships and a day in the life of… programs starting at the elementary and high school levels.

29 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201329 Challenges & Recommendations (Cont.) Recommendation Description Category Companies consistently cited a lack of vocational training at the high school level to better identify and prepare candidates for jobs; not enough appreciation of craft. Also cited consistently was a lack of foundational skills in math, science and technology that should begin and be developed at a young age. More efforts to spark interest in kids at an early age (K-12) around such things as innovation, critical thinking, problem solving, etc. Begin building pipeline of future workers at an earlier stage; keep them involved throughout their education. Reinvigorate vocational programs; remove perception that everyone must go to college. More partnerships between the business community and schools (e.g. Software Engineering Academy in New York City sponsored by Mayor Bloomberg and IT business leaders).

30 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201330 Challenges & Recommendations (Cont.) Recommendation Description Category Graduates from colleges, universities and technical schools lack many of the transferable skills needed for success in any job (e.g. business acumen, leadership, problem solving, etc.) Not enough specialized programs for niche or converging industries. Need more partnerships with technical schools to cultivate pipeline and close skill gap. Technical curriculum should also include transferable skills around leadership, problem solving, business acumen, etc. Need to offer additional specialized programs at the national & state levels. For example, there is no current U.S. program for Freight Forwarding (only for Supply Chain). Australia, Germany, France and Switzerland all offer Freight Forwarding programs with apprenticeships.

31 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201331 Challenges & Recommendations (Cont.) Recommendation Description Category Increased competition for talent with shrinking demographics to meet future needs. Lack of unified plan to address talent shortage at a regional level. Some local business, community and political leaders cited as being too focused on looking for talent within Michigan and trying to keeping the talent here once they graduate. Look more holistically at all factors that go into finding talent (transferable skills, technical skills, demographics, commute times, quality of life in communities, etc.) to build local and regional TDL sourcing & recruiting strategies. See benefit in mobility into and out of the state (helping to produce more well-rounded people who may come back to Michigan with greater skillsets. Elevate skillset of entire region by offering incentives for employees to gain broader experience (abroad or in other states) then come back home to apply skills and knowledge locally.

32 Appendix

33 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201333 Projected Growth in TDL Jobs 2012 - 2014 Combined Industry Market View Top TDL Industry Groups – Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Ann Arbor, MI Flint, MI Lansing-East Lansing, MI Toledo, OH Source: EMSI employment data from Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) produced by the Department of Labor with total employment data in Regional Economic Information System (REIS) published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), augmented with County Business Patterns (CBP) and Non-employer Statistics (NES) published by the U.S. Census Bureau. Projections are based on the latest available EMSI industry data, 15-year past local trends in each industry, growth rates in statewide and (where available) sub-state area industry projections published by individual state agencies, and (in part) growth rates in national projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

34 TDL Report ManpowerGroup Solutions | Sunday, November 10, 201334


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