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Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project 2001 Summary Report AGVISE Laboratories Benson, MN & Northwood, ND.

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Presentation on theme: "Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project 2001 Summary Report AGVISE Laboratories Benson, MN & Northwood, ND."— Presentation transcript:

1 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project 2001 Summary Report AGVISE Laboratories Benson, MN & Northwood, ND

2 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Overview In cooperation with many of our customers, AGVISE Laboratories conducted a soybean iron chlorosis project in the summer of 2001 throughout the tri-state areas of MN, ND and SD. Sample locations were selected based upon chlorosis hot spots in grower fields throughout the region. Three soil samples were collected in each field, representing normal (healthy) soybean growth, moderately affected areas and a severely affected area. Only the severe and normal areas will be compared in this summary. Lab analysis consisted of measuring soil pH, carbonates and soluble salts. Field information included location, variety, plant height at time of sampling, date sampled, crop color, presence or absence of SCN on roots and row spacing. This summary will only look at plant height, pH, soluble salts and carbonates. Summary 1.Plant Height: Dramatic difference between chlorotic and healthy areas. 2.Soil pH: No difference between chlorotic and healthy areas. 3.Soluble Salts: Major factor in contributing to soybean iron chlorosis. 4.Carbonates: Major factor in contributing to soybean iron chlorosis. 5.Note: SCN was a non-factor in the vast majority of fields sampled.

3 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Benson, MN Fields Sampled: 79 Locations: 76 from S. MN, 3 from SD

4 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Northwood, ND Fields Sampled: 26 Locations: 15 ND, 7 MN, 3 SD

5 Average Plant Height at Sampling Time Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Benson, MN Fields Sampled: 79 Locations: 76 from S. MN, 3 from SD

6 Average Plant Height at Sampling Time Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Northwood, ND Fields Sampled: 26 Locations: 15 ND, 7 MN, 3 SD

7 Average Carbonate (CCE) Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Benson, MN Fields Sampled: 79 Locations: 76 from S. MN, 3 from SD

8 Average Carbonate (CCE) Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Northwood, ND Fields Sampled: 26 Locations: 15 ND, 7 MN, 3 SD

9 Average Soluble Salts Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Benson, MN Fields Sampled: 79 Locations: 76 from S. MN, 3 from SD

10 Average Soluble Salts Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Northwood, ND Fields Sampled: 26 Locations: 15 ND, 7 MN, 3 SD

11 Average pH Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Benson, MN Fields Sampled: 79 Locations: 76 from S. MN, 3 from SD

12 Average pH Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project Summer 2001: Northwood, ND Fields Sampled: 26 Locations: 15 ND, 7 MN, 3 SD

13 Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Benson, MN Fields Sampled: 79 –76 from Southern Minnesota –3 from South Dakota Plant Height Averages –Severe Chlorosis: 6 inches –Healthy:25 inches

14 Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Northwood, ND Fields Sampled: 26 –15 from North Dakota –7 from Northwest Minnesota –3 from South Dakota Plant Height Averages –Severe Chlorosis: 7.5 inches –Healthy:16.4 inches

15 pH: –Severe Chlorosis: 8.0 –Healthy:7.9 Range of pHs –Severe Chlorosis:7.5 to 8.4 –Healthy:6.5 to 8.4 Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Benson, MN

16 pH: –Severe Chlorosis: 8.0 –Healthy:8.0 Range of pHs –Severe Chlorosis:7.9 to 8.3 –Healthy:6.8 to 8.3 Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Northwood, ND

17 Soluble Salts –Severe Chlorosis: 0.7 mmhos/cm –Healthy: 0.4 mmhos/cm Range of Salts –Severe Chlorosis:0 – 3.4 mmhos/cm –Healthy:0 – 1.7 mmhos/cm Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Benson, MN

18 Soluble Salts –Severe Chlorosis: 1.0 mmhos/cm –Healthy: 0.4 mmhos/cm Range of Salts –Severe Chlorosis:.30 – 2.45 mmhos/cm –Healthy:0.1 – 0.9 mmhos/cm Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Northwood, ND

19 Carbonates (CCE) –Severe Chlorosis: 10% –Healthy: 5.4% Range of Carbonates –Severe Chlorosis: 0.1 – 21% –Healthy: 0 – 20.5% Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Benson, MN

20 Carbonates (CCE) –Severe Chlorosis: 5.7% –Healthy: 1.9% Range of Carbonates –Severe Chlorosis:0.4 – 13% –Healthy:0 – 11.7% Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Northwood, ND

21 Summary of the 2001 Soybean Iron Chlorosis Project AGVISE Labs, Benson, MN Locations by County Blue Earth Brookings (SD) Brown (SD) Chippewa Cottonwood Douglas Grant Kandiyohi Lyon Nicollet Ottertail Pope Renville Sibley Stearns Stevens Swift Traverse Yellow Medicine

22 33% 24% 8% 3%2% 3% 6% 13% 56% 35% 26% 12% 11% 2% 3% % of Samples With Carbonates >5.0% 3% (8600 Samples Tested in Highlighted Areas, Fall 2001)

23 97% 80% 77% 54%70% 57% 32% 44% 69% 92% 62% 40% 16% 28% 20% 18% % of Soil Samples With Soil pH >7.3 25% (97,000 samples tested for pH in highlighted areas)

24 Interpretation for Carbonates & Salts Point Samples –If salts is higher than 0.7 and carbonate is higher than 5.0%, severe chlorosis is likely in that point. Composite Field Sample –If salts are higher than and carbonate is higher than %, areas of the field are likely to have chlorosis. Higher Salt Level

25 Interpretation for Carbonates & Salts Point Samples –If salts is less than 0.4 and carbonate is higher than 8.0%, chlorosis is likely at that point. Composite Field Sample –If salts are less than 0.4 and carbonate is higher than 5.0%, areas of the field are likely to have chlorosis. Low Salt Levels

26 Future of Carbonate and Salt Soil Test Seed companies testing their variety plots Varieties rated by carbonates & salts Information used for better management Diagnostic tool to investigate spots in fields Variety selection

27 Factors Known to Increase Potential for Iron Chlorosis Soluble Salts Carbonates Excessive water Cool Temperatures High pH???????

28 Iron Chlorosis Facts Carbonates and Salts are two important factors affecting potential for iron chlorosis. Carbonates are a fixed soil property Salts can be reduced with drainage Soil pH is not a good indicator of potential iron chlorosis. Knowing the carbonate and salt level can help growers choose fields to plant soybeans. Knowing the carbonate and salt level can help explain problem areas.


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