3Thoughtful Education www.schoolofeducators.com Assumptions of Thoughtful EducationImproved instruction is the PRIME FACTOR in producing student achievement gains.Professional Learning Communities are the SUREST and FASTEST path to instructional improvement.Leadership begins with the recognition that we must eliminate the senseless things that divert time and attention away from the two elements most vital to school success—how we teach, which is best improved through focused teacher collaboration and what we teach—in Marzano’s words, “a guaranteed and viable curriculum.”
4Think about a time you were involved in a creative process. What was the process like?What were your struggles?What were your rewards?
5Creativity is a Mess--- From a Mess to a Model Generating IdeasForming Big Ideas/ConceptsShaping IdeasRefining and Polishing Finished Product
6What makes writing a unit challenging and how can we simplify the process? How is a thoughtful unit of study like play dough?What are the parts of a thoughtful unit of study?What is the difference between an activity planner and a curriculum designer?As a teacher do you model questioning in four styles when working with your teachers?
7In this box is a curriculum that teachers love to teach Imagine a BOX.In this box is a curriculumthat teachers love to teachand students love to learn.What would be in the box?
8How would you improve on the design? David PerkinsDirector Project Zero, Harvard UniversityKnowledge by DesignAttributesPurposeValueHow would you improve on the design?
9The focus on learning becomes the leverage for improved teaching.
10AttributesPurposeValueImprovementsLook at the unit on evolution. What can you learn from the design?
11Standards Students www.schoolofeducators.com Learning Style Profiles NationalStateDistrictSchoolLearning StylesMultiple IntelligencesCultureInterestsTalentsSkillsAbilitiesLearning Style ProfilesResearch Based Strategies and ToolsVaried AssessmentTask Rotation, Comprehensive MenusGraduated DifficultyHidden Skills
13Parts of a Thoughtful Unit of Study Be Like KnowParts of a Thoughtful Unit of StudyBe LikeAppreciation for the creative process and messiness of creativity.Collaboration and CollegialityFoyerThink of a TimeImagine a BoxGenerating IdeasThink Pair ShareRank Order LadderKnowledge by DesignLibraryExamining a Unit: Resource Evolution UnitThoughtful Curriculum GuideLearning from LouieLearning from ResearchLearning from ExamplesPrinciplesFive Easy PiecesWorkroomCreating a Thoughtful Statement of PurposeJigsawResource:Thoughtful Curriculum GuideUnpacking the StandardsPorchHow is writing a thoughtful unit like play dough?UnderstandComponents of a designPlanning Your UnitStep 1: Identify Your PurposeUnpacking Core Content 4.1SkillsUnpack the standardsIdentify purpose
15Standards www.schoolofeducators.com SC-HS-3.5.1 Students will: predict the impact on species of changes to 1) the potential for a species to increase its numbers, (2) the genetic variability of offspring due to mutation and recombination of genes, (3) a finite supply of the resources required for life, or (4) natural selection;propose solutions to real-world problems of endangered and extinct species.Species change over time. Biological change over time is the consequence of the interactions of (1) the potential for a species to increase its numbers, (2) the genetic variability of offspring due to mutation and recombination of genes, (3) a finite supply of the resources required for life and (4) natural selection. The consequences of change over time provide a scientific explanation for the fossil record of ancient life forms and for the striking molecular similarities observed among the diverse species of living organisms. Changes in DNA (mutations) occur spontaneously at low rates. Some of these changes make no difference to the organism, whereas others can change cells and organisms. Only mutations in germ cells have the potential to create the variation that changes an organism’s future offspring.DOK 3
16StandardsStudents will describe patterns of human settlement in regions of Kentucky and explain how these patterns were influenced by physical characteristics (e.g. climate, landforms, soils, vegetation, bodies of water.Students will describe how the physical environment both promoted and restricted human activities during the early settlement of Kentucky.Students will use a variety of tools to explain significant events in Kentucky’s history.Students will give examples of why people explored and settled Kentucky.
17Research Behind Effective Unit Design Built to LastFive Easy PiecesResearch Behind Effective Unit DesignMadeline HunterGrant Wiggins & Jay McTigheBenjamin Bloom
18dentify the standards, big ideas, key details. etermine your essential questions.stablish your assessment task and criteria.lign instruction/assessment to diversity, research based strategies, and hidden skills.equence the learning events.
19Components of Thoughtful Curriculum Design Identify your PurposeA statement of purpose defines what you want students to know, understand, do, and be like.A statement of purpose includes a set of essential questions that last over time and frame the learning.
20What Essential Questions will frame the learning? KnowledgeWhat specific facts, details, or vocabulary does the unit need to address?AttitudesWhat dispositions or attitudes does the unit instill in students?UnderstandingWhat big ideas andthemes need tobe covered?SkillsWhat skills do students need to develop?
21Components of Thoughtful Unit Design Task DescriptionAssessment pulls together the various threads you have explored throughout the unit and provides students an equal opportunity to show what they know and apply what they have learned.Clear expectations are defined through a rubric or scoring guide.
22Assessment: How will students’ understanding be measured? Task RotationComprehensive MenusGraduated DifficultyProject LearningAssessment: How will students’ understanding be measured?
32Leadership, teaching, and adult actions matter. While it is true that demographic variables are directly linked to student achievement, it is also true that adult variables, including the professional practices of teachers and the decisions leaders make, can be more important than demographic variables.
33The single greatest determinant of learning is NOT socioeconomic factors or funding levels---IT IS INSTRUCTION.Mike Schmoker
34Indisputable Evidence What teachers do has six to ten times as much impact on achievement as all other factors combined.Mortimer SimmonsThe single greatest determinant of learning isNOT socioeconomic factors or funding levels,IT IS INSTRUCTION.Mike Schmoker
35Indisputable Evidence Two teachers working with the samesocio-economic population can achieve starkly different results.Different ResultsIn one class 27% of the students pass a state assessment. In another 72% of the studentswill pass a state assessment.
36Thoughtful EducationThree years of Effective Teaching accounts for an improvement of percentile points.William SandersAssumptions of Thoughtful EducationImproved instruction is the PRIME FACTOR in producing student achievement gains.Professional Learning Communities are the SUREST and FASTEST path to instructional improvement.
37Thoughtful EducationThe best teachers in a school,that is to say the top 1/3, have SIX TIMES more impact on student learning than the bottom 1/3.Katie HaycockAssumptions of Thoughtful EducationImproved instruction is the PRIME FACTOR in producing student achievement gains.Professional Learning Communities are the SUREST and FASTEST path to instructional improvement.
38There can be no improvement without the teacher. Thoughtful EducationThere can be no improvement without the teacher.
39A successful, face to face team is more than just collectively intelligent. It makes everyone work work harder, think smarter, and reach better conclusions than they would have own their own James Solowreck
40Why Professional Learning Communities? Instructional Learning Teams ensure follow up and reflection on instruction and its impact on learning.Instructional Learning Teams are results driven.Instructional Learning Teams reinforce a focus on common essential instructional standards.Instructional Learning Teams create the best kind of accountability—a commitment to people we know.Instructional Learning Teams honorand empower the intelligenceof teachers.
41Imagine you are on a Learning Walk in your school. What would be the general quality of instruction throughout the building?What would be the level of student engagement be?What would you see and hear?
42In an extensive research study conducted by 24/7, 2005 of 1,500 classrooms here is what was observed:BehaviorsPercentageEvidence of clear learning goals/objectives4%Worksheets52%Lecture31%Monitoring with no feedback22%Use of high yield research based instructional strategies2%Communication rich environments with writing and rubricsFewer than half the students engaged82%Bell to bell learningLess than 1%
43What is going on in your school? How does this compare to a Thoughtful Classroom?BehaviorsPercentageEvidence of clear learning goals/objectives4%Worksheets52%Lecture31%Monitoring with no feedback22%Use of high yield research based instructional strategies2%Communication rich environments with writing and rubricsFewer than half the students engaged82%Bell to bell learningLess than 1%
44Moving from an Instructional Leader to a Learning Leader. Rick DuFour
45There are particular leadership actions that show demonstrable links to improved student achievement and educational equity.
46Inquiry: the degree to which school leaders analyze the underlying causes of deficiencies and successes in student achievement and equity.Successful inquiry attributes the causes to adults in the educational system—teachers, school leaders, and policymakers.Unsuccessful inquiry attributes causes to students. In other words, “blame the victim” is not only morally reprehensible but statistically untrue.
47Implementation: the degree to which the specific elements of school improvement processes are implemented at the student and classroom levels. Effective implementation is a continuous variable in which leaders recognize that there are degrees of successful implementation that are subject to quantitative and narrative description.
48Monitoring: the degree to which a school self assesses their own progress in reaching school goals. Plans without monitoring are little better than wishes upon stars. It is important to distinguish carefully between appropriate and insightful monitoring and monitoring that equates to a compliance drill for external authorities.Assessment and reflection is designed to improve teaching and learning, provide immediate feedback for students and teachers, and focus on specific objectives.
49The focus on learning becomes the leverage for improved teaching.
50What percentage of your students are academically successful?
51Do you know the names, faces and stories of those who will not be successful at the end of the year?
52What do Learning Profiles look like? Are you using profile data to support student learning?
54What Matters Most… From Planning to Performance ImplementationMonitoring
55Frustration Burnout Enthusiasm Overload Commitment Low Low Implementation No ImplementationEnthusiasm OverloadCommitmentHigh Implementation Little ImplementationAmount of Resources, Time, Focused Support Available to the New InitiativeHighLow HighNumber of Old, Continuing, Pending and New Initiatives
56Weeding the Garden Every school has weeds. The gardener must continuously remove the weeds in order to ensure a healthy garden.
57Learning Leaders must be ever vigilant for persistent weeds with deep roots in the academic garden.
58What is Leadership?Leadership is the continuous engagement in moving individuals and organizations from their present state to an ideal state.
59To lead learning means to model a “learner-centered” as opposed to “authority centered” approach to all problems, inside and outside the classroom.
63SWEPInquiry Focus:What does reading instruction look like and sound like in our school?How can we improve reading instruction and student learning?Are students’ learning styles addressed so as to provide equal opportunity to learn?.
64elect a focus and collect three consecutive days of work. Pelect a focus and collect three consecutive days of work..Reading Class
65ork on the work, analyze the work using criteria. Pork on the work, analyze the work using criteria..Reading Class
66Mastery Learning Style Task: After reading “Titanic Found” draw a picture and write a summary of the text.SummarizingRecallCreating VisualsMastery Learning Style
67S W E P xamine teaching practices and students’ learning. . What patterns emerge?What questions need answering?What are our greatest needs?What are the implications?xamine teaching practices and students’ learning..
68S W E P . . valuate and assess what is working, what is not. What are we doing well?What do we need to do MORE of?..valuate and assess what is working, what is not.
69SWEPGoal Action Dates Expected Outcome Results.lan a course of action for reaching school improvement goals.
70What can a school learn from a SWEEP? How might this information bring about improvement in teaching and learning?How is this data different from the type of data you presently use?