# International Center for Leadership in Education Dr. Willard R. Daggett CESA 6 April 2, 2009.

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International Center for Leadership in Education Dr. Willard R. Daggett CESA 6 April 2, 2009

International Center Finding Nations top performing Nations most rapidly improving

Improving Student Performance in Times of Declining Resources

Bases of ICLE Position International Center with Nations most Successful Schools Funding Student Learning – Report States –Florida –New Jersey

Framework Vs. Index

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance EfEffecfecttivenessivenessEfEffecfecttivenessivenesst

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance CDCDABABCDCDABAB EfEffecfecttivenessivenessEfEffecfecttivenessivenesst

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance CDCDABABCDCDABAB High Cost High Performance Low Cost High Performance Low Cost Low Performance High Cost Low Performance

Levels CDCDABABCDCDABAB 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 3 2 1 Blooms Application

1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Rigor/Relevance Framework Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.

1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Rigor/Relevance Framework Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs. Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid.

1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Rigor/Relevance Framework Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram. Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.

Levels CDCDABABCDCDABAB 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 3 2 1 Blooms Application

Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score Wisconsin 83 % Texas 81 % Iowa 77 % Florida 71 % Massachusetts 48 % California 48 % South Carolina 35 %

Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score Wisconsin 83 %189 Texas 81 %190 Iowa 77 %197 Florida 71 %202 Massachusetts 48 %234 California 48 %210 South Carolina 35 %228

Proficiency Grade 8 Reading Proficiency Grade 8 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score North Carolina 88 % Wisconsin 86 % Iowa 72 % Florida 44 % California 39 % South Carolina 30 %

Proficiency Grade 8 Reading Proficiency Grade 8 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score North Carolina 88 %217 Wisconsin 86 %229 Iowa 72 %250 Florida 44 %265 California 39 %262 South Carolina 30 %276

Proficiency Grade 4 Mathematics Proficiency Grade 4 Mathematics Proficient Required NAEP Score North Carolina 91 % Texas 82 % Wisconsin 74 % Michigan 73 % Florida 63 % California 51 % South Carolina 39 % Massachusetts 39 %

Proficiency Grade 4 Mathematics Proficient Required NAEP Score North Carolina 91 %203 Texas 82 %219 Wisconsin 74 %225 Michigan 73 %222 Florida 63 %230 California 51 %231 South Carolina 39 %246 Massachusetts 39 %255

Proficiency Grade 8 Mathematics Proficient Required NAEP Score North Carolina 84 % Iowa 76 % Wisconsin 75 % Michigan 61 % Florida 58 % Massachusetts 42 % South Carolina 24 %

Proficiency Grade 8 Mathematics Proficiency Grade 8 Mathematics Proficient Required NAEP Score North Carolina 84 %247 Iowa 76 %262 Wisconsin 75 %263 Michigan 61 %269 Florida 58 %269 Massachusetts 42 %301 South Carolina 24 %305

Findings

1.Consistent with nation

Findings 2.Generally consistent between groups

Findings 3. The top-ranked topics tend to be those that are skill based as opposed to conceptual. These topics typically depict the application of knowledge.

Findings 4. Greatest variations are: Subject matter teachers Between subject area teachers and business

Findings English/Language Arts Lower ranking to oral skills Higher ranking to expository and persuasive writing

4. Greatest Variations Subgroup Rankings National Essential Skills Study (NESS) English Language Arts Topic Statements Business/ Industry Other Non- Educators English LA Educators Other Educators Give clear and concise oral directions. 44235 Assess the validity, reliability, authenticity, quality, and accuracy of an informational or literary text. 2519715 CESA 6 – Wisconsin Composite State and Subgroup Rankings of Essential Skills

Findings Mathematics Lower rankings to metrics, Problem Solving and rounding Higher ranking to Pythagorean Theorem, linear equations and graphing slope

4. Greatest Variations Subgroup Rankings National Essential Skills Study (NESS) Mathematics Topic Statements Business/ Industry Other Non- Educators Math Educators Other Educators Understand and apply basic algebraic properties (commutative and associative laws of addition and multiplication, distributive law of multiplication over addition, and identities and inverses). 32172 Solve problems using units of metric measure and convert between metric and English/customary units. 74223 Compute the distance between two points on a coordinate plane (length of a line segment) and determine the midpoint of a line segment between two points. 7252919 Know and apply the six basic trigonometric functions and ratios and solve right triangles using basic trigonometric ratios (sine, cosine, tangent). 5123927 Solve and graphically sketch problems involving two variables that exhibit direct and indirect variation. 255153

Findings Science Lower ranking to force/motion, water cycle, and work/power to energy Higher ranking to presentation of data and impact of chemical reactions

Findings Social Studies Lower ranking to economic related areas Higher ranking to historical related areas

Findings 5. Consider elimination of low-priority standards

5. Eliminate Low-Priority Standards Rankings National Essential Skills Study (NESS) English Language Arts Topic Statements CESA 6 WI Rank National Rank Understand the effect of sounds, words, imagery, repetition, rhyme, and rhythm patterns in language, including poetry and orations, on the speaker or audience. 44 Listen for language cues that demonstrate a speaker's patterns of organization in formal presentations. 4546 Research information about viewing by evaluating personal and societal viewing habits. 4649 Create an original piece of literature or poetry for personal enjoyment or to share with other readers. 4745 Write a biographical or autobiographical sketch. 4847 Interpret literature for an audience by reading out loud with appropriate expression. 4948 Understand and apply film and theatrical terms and techniques to an analysis and evaluation of films and plays. 50 CESA 6 – Wisconsin Rankings Compared to National Results

5. Eliminate Low-Priority Standards Rankings National Essential Skills Study (NESS) Mathematics Topic Statements CESA 6 WI Rank National Rank Use derivatives and the process of differentiation to determine slopes of tangent lines, maxima and minima, velocity, and acceleration. 6461 Find the graphic solution of systems of linear inequalities (i.e., graph the solution set or region of the coordinate plane common to both inequalities). 65 Know how to sketch basic conic sections (e.g., circles, parabolas) by using their equations and solve systems of non-linear equations graphically. 66 Apply step and piecewise functions, including greatest integer and absolute value functions. 67 Apply summation notation to take the sum of an expression using limits (e.g., take the sum of 3i + 1 from i = 1 to 5). 6869 Apply transformation concepts to examine two-dimensional aspects or representations of three-dimensional figures (e.g., isometries and nets). 6968 Understand and apply the binomial theorem (e.g., explore the relationship of the binomial theorem with Pascals triangle and the Fibonacci sequence. 70

5. Eliminate Low-Priority Standards Rankings National Essential Skills Study (NESS) Science Topic Statements CESA 6 WI Rank National Rank Examine the chemical reactions involved in cell functions and the role of enzymes in facilitating the breakdown and synthesis of molecules. 8077 Know the processes involved in the rock cycle and examine the environmental factors necessary for rock formation, recognizing that sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks contain evidence of the minerals, temperatures, and forces that created them. 8180 Determine geologic history and age by examining the rock record and/or fossil sequencing and understand the technique of measuring geologic ages by absolute dating of rocks/fossils using known decay rates of radioactive isotopes. 8283 Understand the concept and interpretation of the mole and the gram atomic mass, gram molecular mass, and molar volume of a gas. 8382 Know characteristics of the erosional-depositional system by differentiating between an erosional process and a depositional process. 8485 Know the history of the geocentric and heliocentric solar system models and how they are used to explain celestial and/or terrestrial objects or events. 8584

5. Eliminate Low-Priority Standards Rankings National Essential Skills Study (NESS) Social Studies Topic Statements CESA 6 WI Rank National Rank Examine and explain the characteristics of early civilizations (4000- 1000 BCE) in Eurasia and Africa and the emergence and spread of agrarian and militaristic societies. 56 Recognize the complexity of historical causes and effects, including the limitations on determining cause and effect. 57 Examine and explain the processes that led to the emergence of the earliest agricultural communities around the world. 58 Relate the physical processes that shape the Earths surface to the spatial distribution of ecosystems. 5960 Evaluate major debates among historians concerning alternative interpretations of the past, including an analysis of authors use of evidence and the distinctions between sound generalization and misleading oversimplification. 6059

Findings 6. Good correlation between priorities in math, science, and social studies and the state standards/test.

Wisconsin English LA Achievement Frameworks Subskills/Descriptors Knowledge and Concepts Exam - CRT (WKCE)

Wisconsin Mathematics Achievement Frameworks Subskills/Descriptors Knowledge and Concepts Exam - CRT (WKCE)

TAKS English LA Student Expectations Tested

CA STAR / CAHSEE English LA Benchmarks Tested

FCAT English LA Benchmarks Tested

ISAT/PSAE English LA Benchmarks Tested

MEAP English LA Grade Level Content Expectations Tested

Findings

Survey Tools for Rigor, Relevance and Relationships We Learn Student Survey We Teach Instructional Staff Survey We Lead Whole Staff Survey

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – Students can apply what I am teaching to their everyday lives. 92% S – I can apply what I learn to my everyday life. 58%

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – Students in my classroom engage in hands-on activities. 88% S – We do lots of hands-on activities in my classes. 45%

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – I encourage students to explore career pathways. 80% S – My teachers encourage me to explore different careers. 49%

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – I make learning exciting for my students.84% S – My teachers make learning exciting.40%

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – I encourage students to use multiple resources when solving problems. 93% S – My teachers encourage me to use many resources to solve problems. 65%

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – I am aware of my students interests outside of school. 87% S – My teachers know my interests outside of school. 30%

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – I recognize students when they demonstrate positive behavior in school. 95% S – Good citizenship is rewarded in this school. 40%

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – I know my students academic interests and goals. 84% S – My teachers know my academic interests and goals. 35%

Teacher vs. Student Comparison T – I know what my students are passionate about. 78% S – My teachers know what I love to do outside of school. 28%

International Center Finding Nations top performing Nations most rapidly improving

Example Class Size –25 to 24 –4 % increase –Payroll Equals 80 % –Total Cost = 3.2 % of Budget Professional Development

Levels CDCDABABCDCDABAB 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 3 2 1 Blooms Application

Arts Education Wisconsin English Language Arts Reading Frameworks Objectives/Subskills/Descriptors Aligned to WMAS Content Standard A Grade 7 National Essential Skills Study (NESS) Rankings WKCE- CRT Visual Arts DanceMusicTheatre 7.1. Determine the meaning of words and phrases in context. 7.1.1. Use context clues to determine the meaning of words and phrases. Use context clues to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words. Understand the meaning of words and phrases used figuratively. Use context clues to determine the meaning of multiple- meaning words. Use knowledge of synonyms and antonyms to determine the meaning of words. Identify analogies to demonstrate understanding of word meaning. Understand connotative and denotative meaning of words. Content Standard A.1 Use effective reading strategies to achieve their purposes in reading. E5H 7.1.2. Use knowledge of word structure to determine the meaning of words and phrases. Identify the meaning of a word with an affix. Use knowledge of root words to determine the meaning of a word. Content Standard A.1 Use effective reading strategies to achieve their purposes in reading. E5M

Gold Seal Lessons

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance Focused Professional Development Reduce Class Size

Empower Staff

1. Team of teachers

Empower Staff 1. Team of teachers 2.Given group of students

Empower Staff 1. Team of teachers 2.Given group of students 3.Agree to their present performance

Empower Staff 1. Team of teachers 2.Given group of students 3.Agree to their present performance 4. Give total budget (fixed and variable)

Empower Staff 1. Team of teachers 2.Given group of students 3.Agree to their present performance 4. Give total budget (fixed and variable) 5. Give % of savings if student performance improves

Successful Examples 1.Teachers in teams with a group of students --- They get 50% of reduced cost if students maintain student performance. If they dramatically improve student performance they get 80% of reduced cost

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance Teacher-Designed Program X X Existing Program

Examples 1. Department Chairs

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance Interdisciplinary Chairs

Examples 1. Department Chairs 2.Looping

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance Looping

Examples 1. Department Chairs 2.Looping 3.Electives to 9 th Grade

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance Electives to 9 th Grade

Technology

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance I CAN Learn

Efficient and Effective Framework High Cost Low Cost High Student Performance Low Student Performance READ 180

Examples Coordinate Professional Development with Graduate Degrees

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