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Mapping Cross-border Networks Hungary, Slovakia, Ukraine Source:the Euborderregions (http://www.euborderregions.eu/) and the „Európai Léptékkel a Tudásért”

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Presentation on theme: "Mapping Cross-border Networks Hungary, Slovakia, Ukraine Source:the Euborderregions (http://www.euborderregions.eu/) and the „Európai Léptékkel a Tudásért”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mapping Cross-border Networks Hungary, Slovakia, Ukraine Source:the Euborderregions (http://www.euborderregions.eu/) and the „Európai Léptékkel a Tudásért” projects (the latter is financed by ELTE - TÁMOP-4.2.1/B-09/1/KMR ). S LOVAKIA U KRAINE HUNGARY RO

2 Why networks? What kind of networks? Who are the stakeholders participating in the networks? Is there any network effect on attitudes towards EU, economic growth, or quality of life? 2

3 Methodology Data collection: – 143 stakeholders (organization or person) has been collected by 4 rounds of snow-ball sampling – 15 face to face interviews (round 0) – 53 phone interviews - Cross-border Questionnaire 3

4 Source: the Euborderregions (http://www.euborderregions.eu/) and the „Európai Léptékkel a Tudásért” projects (the latter is financed by ELTE - TÁMOP-4.2.1/B-09/1/KMR ). 4 IDNameCityCountrySector 1XMiskolcHUNGO 2YMiskolcHUGOV 3ZKassaSKNGO 4WMunkácsUAGOV SenderReceiver Attributes List of organizations participating in the research Relations List of relations between organizations Building the database

5 The whole network Hungary Ukraine Slovakia 5 NDensity Avarage Indegree Clustering Coefficient Diameter Nr0158 0,0191,0690,1319 Nr0225 0,040,9608 Nr0320 0, Nr01 Nr02 Nr03 Fragmented network The largest component: N = 58 (41%) Mostly Slovakian-Hungarian ties Low clustering coefficient

6 Cross-Border relations Hungary Ukraine Slovakia 6 Cross-border relations: 42%

7 7 CountryHungarySlovakiaUkraineTotal Hungary 69%43%52%59% Slovakia 25%54%10%29% Ukraine 6%3%38%12% Total 100% (71)100% (37)100% (29)100% (139) Whole network: Internal and cross-border Cross-border CountryHungarySlovakiaUkraine Hungary 94%83% Slovakia 82%17% Ukraine 18%6% Total 100% (71)100% (37)100% (29)

8 Whole settlement network 8 S LOVAKIA U KRAINE HUNGARY RO Stakeholders’ links aggregated by settlements

9 Cross-border network 9 S LOVAKIA U KRAINE HUNGARY RO

10 Márton, GERŐ – István, MICSINAI Source:the Euborderregions (http://www.euborderregions.eu/) and the „EurópaiLéptékkel a Tudásért” projects (the latter is financed by ELTE - TÁMOP-4.2.1/B-09/1/KMR ). 10 Twin settlements in the CBR

11 11 - Miskolc and Kassa (Kosice) are the center of the two regions. - Miskolc is more embedded than Kosice, it has connections with larger cities and villages on the other side of the border. - Kosice has connections only with similar-sized cities. - We can see strong co-operation through the border between smaller villages. - The villages on the Slovakian side has significant Hungarian population – it supports co-operation - Miskolc and Kassa (Kosice) are the center of the two regions. - Miskolc is more embedded than Kosice, it has connections with larger cities and villages on the other side of the border. - Kosice has connections only with similar-sized cities. - We can see strong co-operation through the border between smaller villages. - The villages on the Slovakian side has significant Hungarian population – it supports co-operation Cross-border network between Hungary and Slovakia

12 12 -Nyíregyháza is the Hungarian center of the region, but there is no center on the Ukranian side. - We see cross-border relations between cities, no village appears in the network. -Nyíregyháza is the Hungarian center of the region, but there is no center on the Ukranian side. - We see cross-border relations between cities, no village appears in the network. Cross-border network between Hungary and Ukraine Ukraine isn’t a member of the Schengen area, so the citizens of Ukraine has to apply for visa before entering Slovakia or Hungary. (60€ for three months)

13 RelationsInternalCross-border Gov-gov 33,8%56,9% Gov-nongov 48,1%20,7% Nongov-nongov 18,2%22,4% Total100 Proportion of cross-sectorial relations internal/crossborder Source:the Euborderregions (http://www.euborderregions.eu/) and the „EurópaiLéptékkel a Tudásért” projects (the latter is financed by ELTE - TÁMOP-4.2.1/B-09/1/KMR ). 13

14 Attitudes ImpactIn the region In the region across the border On your organization? Not really Some Significant Összesen 100 (50) 100 (48) 14 Do you think that EU CBC projects in the past five years have had any impact? %(N)

15 Cross-Border relations and opinion on the effects of CBC projects 15 Effects Having Cross Border Relations Not reallySome/significant None 4852 Yes 3565 Total 42 (20)58 (28) Do you think that EU CBC projects in the past five years have had any impact on your organization? (% (N)) Effect of behavior? Sharing (or recommending) causes higher commitment?

16 Márton, GERŐ – István, MICSINAI ELTE TÁTK – MTA TK-SZI ELTE TÁTK Source:the Euborderregions (http://www.euborderregions.eu/) and the „EurópaiLéptékkel a Tudásért” projects (the latter is financed by ELTE - TÁMOP-4.2.1/B-09/1/KMR ). Thank you for your attention! 16


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