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Florida Public Service Commission Renewable Portfolio Standards Workshop Tallahassee, FL July 26, 2007 Francis A. Ferraro VP, Public Affairs From everyday.

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Presentation on theme: "Florida Public Service Commission Renewable Portfolio Standards Workshop Tallahassee, FL July 26, 2007 Francis A. Ferraro VP, Public Affairs From everyday."— Presentation transcript:

1 Florida Public Service Commission Renewable Portfolio Standards Workshop Tallahassee, FL July 26, 2007 Francis A. Ferraro VP, Public Affairs From everyday collection to environmental protection, Think Green.® Think Waste Management. Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company

2 2 Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. –Wholly owned subsidiary of Waste Management Inc. –Operate 21 energy facilities (19 renewable energy) 16 waste-to-energy plants 5 Independent Power Production facilities –Developed, built and operate the first commercially successful waste-to-energy plant in U.S. Saugus, MA 1975 –Total generating capacity 836 MW Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®

3 Independent Power Production facility Waste-to-Energy facility Year Completed Number of Plants Lisbon Ridge (Polk County) Frackville, Norwalk Falls Spokane, South & North Broward Concord, Gloucester Bridgeport Claremont, Millbury N. Andover, Tampa, Baltimore Westchester Saugus Shasta Lassen Hudson Falls Wheelabrator Technologies Facilities

4 4 Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. – Own & operate 2 waste-to-energy facilities in Broward County 134 MW; 4,500 tons per day Municipal Solid Waste – Built & operate City of Tampas waste-to-energy facility 22 MW; 1,000 tons per day Municipal Solid Waste – Own & operate a waste wood/tires/landfill gas-to- energy facility in Auburndale 50 MW FLORIDA

5 5 Waste-to-Energy Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® Waste-to-Energy is a modern, proven process for safe disposal of municipal solid waste and generation of clean, renewable energy from the heat released by the combusted waste. Waste-to-Energy facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art air pollution control systems and are operated by professionals certified by US EPA and American Society of Mechanical Engineers. South Broward (FL) facility

6 6 Waste-to-Energy - U.S. - Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® There are 89 waste-to- energy facilities in 27 states that: Combust MSW to reduce its volume Produce energy, usually as electricity Recover ferrous and sometimes non-ferrous metals for recycling McKay Bay (Tampa) facility

7 7 Waste-to-Energy - U.S. - Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® Percentage of U.S. Waste Managed: 13% Disposal Capacity: 93,000 TPD Annual Disposal: 29 million tons People Served: 36 million

8 8 Waste-to-Energy - U.S. - Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® Power Generation Capacity: 2500 MW Annual Power Generation: 16 million MW- hours Homes served: 1.98 million Percentage of Total Renewable Energy (excluding hydropower): 18% North Broward (FL) facility

9 9 Waste-to-Energy - Florida - –11 facilities –~496 MW of installed capacity –> 17,500 tons per day municipal solid waste processing capacity Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® Existing waste-to-energy capacity in Florida

10 10 Renewable Portfolio Standards –Lee County is completing an expansion –Hillsborough County is planning an expansion –Palm Beach County is considering an expansion –Others? Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® New waste-to-energy capacity in Florida -- Definite and anticipated near-term

11 11 Renewable Portfolio Standards Setting a Renewable Portfolio Standard 1. How should a renewable portfolio standard be set? – a. Based on a megawatt goal? – b. Based on a percentage of peak generation goal? – c. What renewable technologies should qualify toward meeting the goal? 2. What vintage of renewable generating units should qualify toward meeting the goal? 3. What is a reasonable level for the goal? – a. What amount of renewable generation is achievable in Florida? Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®

12 12 Renewable Portfolio Standards Setting a Renewable Portfolio Standard 1. How should a renewable portfolio standard be set? – a. Based on a megawatt goal? – b. Based on a percentage of peak generation goal? – c. What renewable technologies should qualify toward meeting the goal? 2. What vintage of renewable generating units should qualify toward meeting the goal? 3. What is a reasonable level for the goal? – a. What amount of renewable generation is achievable in Florida? Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®

13 13 Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Energy Sources that should be included in a Renewable Portfolio Standard Chapter 366 – "Renewable energy" means electrical energy produced from a method that uses one or more of the following fuels or energy sources: hydrogen produced from sources other than fossil fuels, biomass, solar energy, geothermal energy, wind energy, ocean energy, and hydroelectric power. The term includes the alternative energy resource, waste heat, from sulfuric acid manufacturing operations. "Biomass" means a power source that is comprised of, but not limited to, combustible residues or gases from forest products manufacturing, agricultural and orchard crops, waste products from livestock and poultry operations and food processing, urban wood waste, municipal solid waste, municipal liquid waste treatment operations, and landfill gas. Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®

14 14 Renewable Portfolio Standards Setting a Renewable Portfolio Standard 1. How should a renewable portfolio standard be set? – a. Based on a megawatt goal? – b. Based on a percentage of peak generation goal? – c. What renewable technologies should qualify toward meeting the goal? 2. What vintage of renewable generating units should qualify toward meeting the goal? 3. What is a reasonable level for the goal? – a. What amount of renewable generation is achievable in Florida? Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®

15 15 Renewable Portfolio Standards –A fixed MWhr requirement does not provide for concomitant growth of renewable energy along with electric load growth. –A percentage requirement provides incentive for utilities to implement additional demand- side activities. Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® Requirement should be set as a percentage of total, annual electric sales

16 16 Renewable Portfolio Standards Setting a Renewable Portfolio Standard 1. How should a renewable portfolio standard be set? – a. Based on a megawatt goal? – b. Based on a percentage of peak generation goal? – c. What renewable technologies should qualify toward meeting the goal? 2. What vintage of renewable generating units should qualify toward meeting the goal? 3. What is a reasonable level for the goal? – a. What amount of renewable generation is achievable in Florida? Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®

17 17 Renewable Portfolio Standards New renewable energy facilities –RPS must provide incentive for new renewable energy generation Existing renewable energy facilities –RPS must help protect existing base of renewable energy generation Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® What vintage of renewable generating units should qualify toward meeting the goal?

18 18 Renewable Portfolio Standards –RPS must provide incentive for new renewable energy generation Establish definition of new –New renewable energy is capacity that is established after the effective date of the RPS rule –Establish age for transition from new to existing »e.g. 10 years after qualifying as a new facility Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® New renewable energy facilities

19 19 Renewable Portfolio Standards - New, greenfield facilities - Increased capacity at existing facilities - Addition of new generating capacity - Efficiency improvements that lead to increased generation Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® New renewable energy is capacity that is established after the effective date of the RPS rule

20 20 Renewable Portfolio Standards Ambitious goals Alternative Compliance Payment –If utilities are unable to obtain required amount of renewable energy Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® New renewable energy is capacity that is established after the effective date of the RPS rule

21 21 Renewable Portfolio Standards –At what level should ACP be set? »High enough to provide incentive for utilities to search out and provide incentives for new renewable capacity –Experience of other states with ACPs Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® New renewable energy Alternative Compliance Payment

22 22 Renewable Portfolio Standards –Experience of other states with ACPs »e.g., Massachusetts Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® New renewable energy Alternative Compliance Payment 1.0% by % by % by % by % by % by % by 2009 an additional 1.0% each year afterward until DOER ends addl reqmnts » 2007 ACP $57.12 /MWh » Utilities have paid ACP every year since 2003

23 23 Renewable Portfolio Standards –At what level should ACP be set? »High enough to provide incentive for utilities to search out and provide incentives for new renewable capacity –Experience of other states with ACPs –Uses for ACP funds? »Development of new, promising technologies; seed money for construction of new facilities; etc. Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® New renewable energy Alternative Compliance Payment

24 24 Renewable Portfolio Standards Set at current percentage of renewable generation Increase requirement as new capacity transitions to existing capacity Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® RPS must help protect existing base of renewable energy generation

25 25 Renewable Portfolio Standards Setting a Renewable Portfolio Standard 1. How should a renewable portfolio standard be set? – a. Based on a megawatt goal? – b. Based on a percentage of peak generation goal? – c. What renewable technologies should qualify toward meeting the goal? 2. What vintage of renewable generating units should qualify toward meeting the goal? 3. What is a reasonable level for the goal? – a. What amount of renewable generation is achievable in Florida? Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®

26 26 Renewable Portfolio Standards Current Renewable Generation in Florida –1* - 2.5% * Floridas Energy Plan Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® What is a reasonable level for the goal? Goal: ? Governors goal – 20% Over what time period? How aggressive?

27 27 Renewable Portfolio Standards Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®

28 28 Renewable Portfolio Standards Examples of other states Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ® New Jersey 2004 – 3.25% 2021 – 22.5% Connecticut 2006 – 5% 2020 – 27% (includes customer-sited combined heat and power (CHP) systems; 2) electricity savings from conservation and load management programs; and 3) systems that recover waste heat or pressure from commercial and industrial processes)

29 29 Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. A Waste Management Company Think Green. ®


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