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Senior World Religions: Dr. King 2010-2011 Webpage: School/DrKing/t.aspx.

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Presentation on theme: "Senior World Religions: Dr. King 2010-2011 Webpage: School/DrKing/t.aspx."— Presentation transcript:

1 Senior World Religions: Dr. King Webpage: School/DrKing/t.aspx

2 Reading Quiz #1 1) The word religion comes from what language? 2) The root meaning of the term is…? 3) Which pope called Vatican II in 1962? 4) Why was Vatican II considered ecumenical? 5) Who was the first pope to visit a synagogue and a mosque?

3 Three Benefits from Vatican II Dignitatis Humanae (Declaration on Human Freedom) Dignitatis Humanae (Declaration on Human Freedom) Unitates Redintegratio (Decree on Ecumenism) Unitates Redintegratio (Decree on Ecumenism) Nostra Aetate (Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non- Christian Religions Nostra Aetate (Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non- Christian Religions Know what each says Know what each says

4 What is Ecumenism? Dialogue with Christian Churches and Ecclesial Communities such as Dialogue with Christian Churches and Ecclesial Communities such as –Lutheran –Episcopalian –Reformer –Orthodox (Greek – Russian etc) –Methodist –Pentecostal –Baptist –Other *goal if ever-greater unity between Christian churches and rest of the worlds religions

5 Evangelize, Witnessing, Dialogue What is the challenge of evangelization? What is the challenge of evangelization? Goal? Problem? Goal? Problem? How do we dialogue with people from other religions without trying to convert them? How do we dialogue with people from other religions without trying to convert them? Must interreligious dialogue always involve words, belief, doctrine? Must interreligious dialogue always involve words, belief, doctrine?

6 Why Study the Worlds Religions? Knowledge = respect Knowledge = respect What we have in common is greater than what divides us. What we have in common is greater than what divides us. As human beings we all search for ultimate answers… As human beings we all search for ultimate answers… Together we can work for universal peace and a better world Together we can work for universal peace and a better world

7 How to study them? Empathy: capacity of seeing things from another perspective. Empathy: capacity of seeing things from another perspective. By "respecting" them By "respecting" them By listening to them" By listening to them" By "sharing our beliefs" By "sharing our beliefs" By "finding " common themes especially in the social arena By "finding " common themes especially in the social arena By "working" together with them for common goals By "working" together with them for common goals

8 Religions of the World? Western Eastern Western Eastern Judaism Hinduism Judaism Hinduism ChristianityBuddhism/Taoism ChristianityBuddhism/Taoism IslamConfucianism IslamConfucianism TheisticNon-Theistic TheisticNon-Theistic Abrahamic: Why? Abrahamic: Why?

9 Beliefs in God: Monotheism -belief in one GOD Monotheism -belief in one GOD Polytheism-belief in many Gods Polytheism-belief in many Gods Pantheism-belief that God is in all Pantheism-belief that God is in all Theisticbelief in a personal god: (both imminent and transcendent) Theisticbelief in a personal god: (both imminent and transcendent) Trinity?Relational: Both One and Many Trinity?Relational: Both One and Many Atheisticbelief that there is no god Atheisticbelief that there is no god

10 Why so many religions? Write your own answer … Write your own answer …

11 Elements of Religion : 1. Belief System: Scripture and Doctrine 1. Belief System: Scripture and Doctrine 2. Community 2. Community 3. Sacred Myths 3. Sacred Myths 4. Rituals/Liturgy 4. Rituals/Liturgy 5. Ethics/Moral system 5. Ethics/Moral system

12 Basic Elements of Religion: 6. Religious Experience: founders experience of God: Jesus/Buddha/Muhammad) 6. Religious Experience: founders experience of God: Jesus/Buddha/Muhammad) 7. Material Expression 7. Material Expression 8. Sacredness: sacred time, and place 8. Sacredness: sacred time, and place 9. Treatment/View of women 9. Treatment/View of women

13 Sacred Stories / myths What is the purpose of sacred stories/sacred myths? What is the purpose of sacred stories/sacred myths? –Explains the beginning of some of the doctrines: justifies them Example: Genesis - creation: human beings as the image of God; Example: Genesis - creation: human beings as the image of God; Human Nature? Human Nature? –Good, but fallen; –meant to "dominate the earth"; etc.

14 Moral System: Ethics: what is right or wrong? Ethics: what is right or wrong? How do we live while in this world? How do we live while in this world? Helps to have some agreement regarding the answers Helps to have some agreement regarding the answers How can society promote a more moral order while allowing for difference? How can society promote a more moral order while allowing for difference?

15 Abrahamic Traditions Judaism Judaism Christianity Christianity Islam Islam All claim descent from Abraham All claim descent from Abraham First Hebrew; First Muslim/First Christian First Hebrew; First Muslim/First Christian

16 Similarities/Differences Similarities Similarities Monotheistic: One God Monotheistic: One God Revelation Revelation Covenant Covenant Nature of Sin Nature of Sin Judgment Day (Apocalypse) Judgment Day (Apocalypse) Messianic Figure Messianic Figure Moral/Ethical Moral/Ethical Differences Differences Who has covenant? Who has covenant? Universal (Islam and Christianity) vs Ethnic (Judaism) Universal (Islam and Christianity) vs Ethnic (Judaism) Moral/Ethical Moral/Ethical Scripture and Tradition Scripture and Tradition

17 Remaining Questions Is there only one covenant with the One God? Is there only one covenant with the One God? Are Jewish, Christian, Islamic revelations different or three limited versions of the One Revelation? Are Jewish, Christian, Islamic revelations different or three limited versions of the One Revelation?

18 Ultimate Questions: What is the human condition? What is the human condition? Where do we come from? Where do we come from? Where are we going? Where are we going? Where does evil come from? Where does evil come from? Why is there suffering? Why is there suffering? What is the meaning of life? What is the meaning of life?

19 Ultimate Questions: East and West What is the cause of evil in the world? What is the cause of evil in the world? –Judaism, Christianity, Islam: Sin: Rebellion from Gods Divine Will –Hinduism, Buddhism: Ignorance: of ones True Nature What is the difference between salvation and enlightenment? What is the difference between salvation and enlightenment?

20 In the End…… All religions attempt to answer same fundamental questions: All religions attempt to answer same fundamental questions: Faith is our response Faith is our response Why do they come up with different answers? Why do they come up with different answers?


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