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Stuff we should all know!. One of the most famous elections in US history took place in 1960 Democrat: John F. Kennedy Republican: Richard Nixon.

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Presentation on theme: "Stuff we should all know!. One of the most famous elections in US history took place in 1960 Democrat: John F. Kennedy Republican: Richard Nixon."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stuff we should all know!

2 One of the most famous elections in US history took place in 1960 Democrat: John F. Kennedy Republican: Richard Nixon

3 Who was JFK? 43 year old Senator from Massachusetts WW2 veteran who was awarded medals for his bravery Came from a very wealthy family Married to Jacqueline Kennedy

4 Who was Richard Nixon? Served in the US Navy during WW2 Nixon served in the House and the Senate in the late 1940s-early 1950s Had a reputation for being anti- Communist Served as Vice President under President Eisenhower

5 The turning point of the election was the televised debate By 1960, the TV played a major role in Presidential politics When Nixon arrived at the debate, he did not wear make-up, had a five oclock shadow, and began to sweat under the hot lights JFK was tanned and relaxed JFK looked directly to the camera

6 The results of the 1960 election JFK won in a very close election This was one of the closest elections in American history JFK entered the White House without a mandate (public endorsement of the Presidents proposals)

7 JFK was assassinated on November 22, 1963 JFK was in Dallas to begin his reelection campaign This was the first public appearance for Jackie Kennedy since her c-section and death of their baby (that happened in August)

8 People knew exactly where JFK would be because his parade route was published in the newspaper Today, a Presidents plans are not announced until a few days ahead of time Also, a Presidents entrance and exit routes are never publicized

9 Lee Harvey Oswald shot and killed JFK Oswald was a former Marine and an alleged supporter of Fidel Castro Two days later, Oswald was shot and killed by Jack Ruby Jack Ruby wanted to spare Jackie Kennedy the pain of a trial

10 Warren Commission was the government investigation into JFKs assassination The Warren Commission determined that Oswald acted alone They also said there was no conspiracy behind JFKs assassination Many Americans do not believe the Warren Commission

11 Watergate: the scandal that involved the breaking in of the Democratic National Office in 1972

12 Henry Kissinger claimed that Nixon had three goals 1. To win the 1972 election in the largest landslide in American history 2. To be remembered as a peace maker 3. To be accepted by the Establishment

13 As early as 1969, Nixon and his staff created an enemies list Anyone who criticized Nixons policies could find themselves on this list Nixon targeted the media

14 People on the Enemies List Senator Edward Kennedy Jane Fonda Steve McQueen

15 In the Fall of 1971, Nixon began using the plumbers The plumbers were former CIA and FBI agents who tried to stop leaks coming from the Nixon Administration Nixon was especially upset at the leaking of the Pentagon Papers, which gave out secrets about the Vietnam War The plumbers did their work in the name of national security

16 Famous plumbers Howard Hunt (spy novelist and former CIA agent) G. Gordon Liddy (former FBI agent)

17 The Committee to Reelect the President (CREEP) used questionable tactics CREEP was headed by John Mitchell, the former Attorney General The purpose of CREEP was to collect as much money as possible

18 CREEP also tried to discredit Nixons opponents Edmund Muskie, a Democratic Presidential candidate did not react well when CREEP sent a letter to a New Hampshire newspaper claiming that Muskies wife was an alcoholic Muskie ended up crying on TV and dropped out of the Presidential race

19 June 17, 1972 Five men are arrested for the break-in of the Democratic National Committee office at the Watergate office building Plumbers Liddy and Hunt were a part of the break-in

20 Nixon won the 1972 Presidential election Nixon defeated George McGovern in one of the biggest electoral landslides in American history

21 How did Nixons involvement in Watergate become an issue? Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein kept digging for the truth Their source, Deep Throat claimed that the White House and CREEP hired 50 agents to sabotage the Democrats in the 1972 election

22 Who was Deep Throat? Deep Throat was Mark Felt Mark Felt was angry that he was passed over for a big promotion at the FBI Mark Felt revealed his identity in 2005 (he has since died)

23 By the Spring of 1973, the legislative and judicial branches were investigating Watergate Watergate burglar James McCord admitted that top White House officials planned and, later, covered up the break-in Nixons role in Watergate was still unknown

24 However, it soon emerged that Nixon had tape recorded his conversations in the White House Former Nixon assistant Alexander Butterfield told Senate investigators about Nixons tapes Special prosecutor Archibald Cox demanded that Nixon turn over the tapes

25 Nixon declined claiming executive privilege and the tapes could endanger national security A Federal judge ordered Nixon to release the tapes The released tapes included an 18 minute gap, where the conversation was erased

26 August 9, 1974 President Richard Nixon resigned Gerald Ford takes over as President Gerald Ford pardoned Nixon for his role in Watergate (so, he faced no criminal charges)

27 Many people associate the term feminism with the 1960s Feminism: the belief that women should have economic, political, and social equality with men In reality, feminism began in the 1890s By the 1950s, many American women were still fighting the stereotype that they should be at home

28 WW2 had opened up many employment and educational opportunities for women In 1950, 25% of all college degrees were earned by women By 1970, that number was up to 43%

29 The feminist movement took on a new organization in the 1960s Betty Friedan wrote a book in 1963 called The Feminine Mystique, which discussed the dissatisfying lives of housewives The Feminine Mystique inspired woman to come together and form support groups to discuss their experiences

30 In 1966, frustrated women eventually formed the National Organization for Women (NOW) The goal of NOW was to take action to bring American women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now NOW wanted fair pay and equal job opportunities NOW attacked the media for their portrayal of women

31 Some women thought NOW was too extreme Some critics thought NOW only benefited white, middle class, educated women

32 Another influential feminist was Gloria Steinem Steinem was a journalist who began Ms. Magazine Ms. Magazine was controversial because it pushed for abortion rights

33 One of the biggest laws passed that benefited women was Title IX (1972) Title IX states that any educational institution receiving federal funding may not discriminate based on gender Many people today know Title IX as the law that made womens sports equal to men in college Today, colleges must have equal funding for womens sports or equal offerings

34 Title IX has allowed more women to attend college Today, more women receive college diplomas than men

35 Perhaps the biggest moment in the feminist movement was the Roe vs. Wade Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade legalized abortion in the US The US Supreme Court based their decision on abortion being a personal privacy States could still outlaw abortion after the first trimester Abortion remains legal in the US today

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