Presentation on theme: "Who were the supporters and critics of the Constitution? We the People - Lesson Seventeen."— Presentation transcript:
Who were the supporters and critics of the Constitution? We the People - Lesson Seventeen
What happened after the Philadelphia Convention? Imagine that you were a member of the group that had just written the Constitution. You know many leaders in Congress and state governments will be against it. The Constitution was written in secret - opponents dont know everything that is included in the final version - havent had time to prepare arguments against the Constitution. What plan would you develop for getting the Constitution ratified? Who should have the right to vote for ratification? How soon should the ratification process take place?
Framers ask voters to approve Constitution 4 James Madison developed the plan for ratifying the Constitution –Based on Preamble to Constitution We the People... –Social Contract... Agreement between people and government 4 Get each state to ratify the Constitution –Ratifying Conventions –Delegates elected by popular vote 4 Framers approved plan –Article VII - Constitution would be in effect once it was ratified by nine of the thirteen states (afraid they wouldnt get all 13 to ratify)
Struggle for Ratification 4 Federalists - supported Constitution and wanted it ratified 4 Anti-Federalists - fought against the Constitution 4 Debates over ratification lasted over ten months –Most difficult fight in New York –Federalists: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay - wrote Federalist Papers Appeared in New York newspaper Used in Virginia ratification debates –Anti-Federalists: George Mason, Edmund Randolph, Elbridge Gerry John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Richard Henry Lee, Patrick Henry also against ratification of Constitution Patrick Henry - leading Anti-Federalist Mercy Otis Warren - wrote pamphlets explaining why she was against ratification of Constitution
Bill of Rights 4 Federalists compromised to get enough support for the Constitution so it would be ratified 4 Agreed that when first Congress was held, it would draft a Bill of Rights 4 Addition of Bill of Rights was a victory for the Anti-Federalists –Important addition to the Constitution –Protects basic right of citizens
Debate 4 Many arguments made for and against Constitution –Would new Constitution maintain republican form of government? –Would national government have too much power? –Was a Bill of Rights needed in the Constitution? 4 Class will be divided into two groups (Federalist/Anti-Federalist) 4 Review positions on the Constitution –Prepare an 8 1/2 x 11 poster with slogans for your side –Debate your position
Seatwork Center Questions 4 Who were the Federalists? Who were the Anti-Federalists? 4 Why didnt the Federalists want the Constitution submitted to the existing Congress or state governments for ratification? 4 How did the Federalists answer the criticism that the Constitution gave the federal government too much power? 4 The Anti-Federalists lost their battle to prevent the adoption of the Constitution. However, their struggle left a permanent impact on the Constitution. How was this accomplished? 4 Explain what you think were the best reasons for ratification. Then, explain what you think were the best reasons against ratification. 4 Would you have voted to ratify the Constitution as written in 1787? Explain your answer.