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How does the Constitution protect our basic rights? Bill of rights, Freedom of Expression, etc…

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Presentation on theme: "How does the Constitution protect our basic rights? Bill of rights, Freedom of Expression, etc…"— Presentation transcript:

1 How does the Constitution protect our basic rights? Bill of rights, Freedom of Expression, etc…

2 How does the Constitution protect our freedom of expression 1st amendment 1. What is freedom of expression? freedom of speech, press, assembly, and petition 2. The First Amendment limits the powers of? congress

3 3. Take brief notes on the following: A. Individual development- Ideas, freedom to say what you think B. Advancement of knowledge- Discuss freely C. Maintenance of representative democracy- Increases the chance of getting such information

4 4. In the Supreme Court Case Tinker v. Des Moines, what did the students want? Some high school students wanted to wear black arm bands to school to protest the Vietnam War 5. What did the Supreme Court say about a students right to freedom of expression? Students dont give up constitutional rights at the school house

5 6. Over the years, who has developed guidelines to limit freedom of expression? Courts in our country Is freedom of expression dangerous to public

6 1. Students wanted to publish stories about what two issues? Teenage pregnancy and divorce 2. How did the principal react to the stories? Ordered both stories to be removed

7 #3. What are some circumstances that might cause government to limit the right to freedom of expression?

8 Research Richland Board Policy #220. Summarize your findings… You can wear the clothes and express your self as long as it doesnt affect the community and school members

9 1. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. Take brief notes on: Establishment of religion-says that government should be separated from religion Free exercise-each person has the right to believe in what or who ever they want to is what this clause states.

10 2. Did religious freedom exist in the early English colonies? Not really one religious group may have had complete control 3. Why were the founding fathers concerned about religious intolerance? Religions intolerance had often led to conflict 4. Government is to be separated from religion. What clause is this idea found in? Establishment clause 5. The government can limit the way you practice your religious beliefs under what conditions?? If they are contray to public morals, endangered health, or harm the common good

11 6. When the constitution was written did public schools exist? No 7. Should religious teaching be supported in public schools? Explain… Yes, you should be able to learn more daily about what you believe in

12 5. Can government limit your right to freedom of belief? Why or why not? No, this freedom is protected by the First Amendments free exercise clause.

13 Research the following Supreme Court cases: Take brief notes: Allegheny County v. ACLU, Allegheny County v. ACLU -court finds that a nativity scene displayed inside a govt. building violates the establishment clause. Lee v. Weisman -unconstitutional for school to provide clergy to perform at graduation Engel v. Vitale -Any kind of prayer in unconstitutional govt. sponsorship of religion

14 1. In early colonial times, who was allowed to vote? 2. Before the Civil War, who still could not vote? 3. List the Civil War Amendments… 4. Which Amendment abolished slavery? 5. Which Amendment granted full citizenship to African Americans? 6. What laws prevented African Americans from voting?

15 7. The grandfather clause said- 8. People of all races worked to change unfair state laws, these actions became known as: 9. This amendment says that the right to vote shall not be denied because a person fails to pay a poll tax? 10. In the 1800s, it was a common belief that __________ should not participate in the government.

16 11. In 1876, who led a delegation of women to Philadelphia. 12. Name and year, of the first territory to grant women the right to vote? 13. What happened in 1920? 14. Native Americans were not fully recognized as citizens until what year? 15. In the 1960s and 1970s, thousands of young man were drafted to fight in what war?

17 16. What did the Twenty-sixth Amendment do? 17. List 3 voting requirements today? 18. The United States ranks _________ among the worlds democracies in the percentage of voters who exercise the right to vote? 19. What is essential for a democracy?

18 #4. What laws did Congress pass to protect the constitutional right of citizens to vote?

19 1. Voter registration form in Cambria County… Write down 3 items you see on the form…

20 1. State and local laws required separate facilities. Explain… 2. What does the equal protection clause of the 14 th Amendment say? 3. Laws that required African Americans to go to separate schools are known as?

21 4. Take brief notes on the following: Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Brown v. Education (1954)

22 5. Separation of the races is known as? 6. Who ordered federal troops to escort students into a school in Little Rock, Arkansas? 7. When did the civil rights movement start? 8. Term which means, to refuse to buy? 9. Explain what happened to Rosa Parks?

23 10. When and where did Dr. King give his I Have a Dream speech? 11. What law ended segregation in public places? 12. What groups followed African Americans in their own quest for equal protection?

24 #4. What did the U.S. Supreme Court decide in the Brown v. Board of Education case? Why was this an important decision?

25 1. Watch Dr. Kings I Have a Dream Speech. Take brief notes…

26 1. The right to be treated fairly by government? 2. Due process Procedures- Content- 3. Due process can be found in what 2 Amendments?

27 1. Make a list of unfair procedures used by govt. officials in the case: Before the hearing - At the first hearing - At the second hearing -

28 4. P. 239 Problems of due process involve two govt. responsibilities. Explain 1. 2.

29 5. Due process applies to what hearings?

30 #2. What is the meaning of due process?

31 1. Research due process in the news choose an article and write a brief summary.

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