2 It was found at the scene of the crime. Where was that found?It was found at the scene of the crime.
3 Examples: 1.My bike was stolen. 2.Spanish is spoken in South America. We use the Passive when the action is more important than the person who does the action.Example: Active: Someone broke the window.Passive: The window was broken.It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.Examples: 1.My bike was stolen.2.Spanish is spoken in South America.
4 By+ the agent (Object) is used : A By+ the agent (Object) is used : A. When it is important to know who does the action. The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell.
5 How to form the Passive Examples: The movie is being shown now. We form the passive from the verb /to be/ and the 3rd form of the main verb (V3). /to be/ expresses the tense of the main verb.Examples: The movie is being shown now.The movie was shown last night.The movie will be shown tomorrow.
6 Present Simple Active: Subject+V1+Object… TensesActive: Subject+V1+Object…Passive: Subject+am/is/are+V3+by+ObjectExample: She writes the letter.The letter is written by her.
7 Present Progressive Active:Subject+am/is/are+V1+ing+Object Passive: Subject+ am/is/ are+ Being +V3+by+ObjectExamples: She is writing the letter right now.The letter is being written by her.
8 Present Perfect Active: Subject+have/has+V3 +Object Passive: Subject+have/has+been+V3+by+ObjectExamples: She has written the letter.The letter has been written by her.
9 Past Simple Active: Subject+V2+Object Passive: Subject+ was/were+V3+by+ObjectExamples: She has written the letter.The letter was written by her.
10 Past Progressive Past Progressive Active: Subject+was/were+V1+ing+ObjectPassive: Subject+was/were+being+V3+by+Object.Examples: She was writing the letter.The letter was being written by her.
11 Past Perfect Active: Subject+had+V3+Object Passive: Subject had+been+V3+by+ObjectExamples: She had written the letter.The letter had been written by her.
12 Future Simple Active: Subject+will+V1+Object Passive: Subject+will+be+V3+by+ObjectExamples: She will write the letter to him The letter will be written by her to him.
13 Be Going To Active: Subject+ am/is/are+ going to+ V1+Object Passive: Subject+ am/is/are+ going to+be+V3Examples: She is going to write a letter to him.The letter is going to be written by her.
14 Modals Active:Subject+Modal+V1+Object Passive: Subject+Modals+be+V3+by+objectExamples: She can write the letter.The letter can be written by her to him .
15 Semi Modals Active: Subject+ Semi Modal+V1+Object Passive: Subject+ Semi Modal+be+V3+by+ObjectExamples: She has to send the letter to her uncle.The letter has to be sent by her to her uncle.
16 Pay attention:Not all the verbs can be put into Passive because they have no object (no one to “receive” the action.Examples of such verbs are include:Happen, die, sleep, exist, go , come, occur, arrive, have, live.
17 When rewriting active sentences in the Passive Voice, note the following: The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentenceThe verb is changed (to be + past participle).The subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)