Presentation on theme: "Why should we use the Passive Voice?. Where was that found? It was found at the scene of the crime."— Presentation transcript:
Why should we use the Passive Voice?
Where was that found? It was found at the scene of the crime.
We use the Passive when the action is more important than the person who does the action. Example: Active: Someone broke the window. Passive: The window was broken. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action. Examples: 1.My bike was stolen. 2.Spanish is spoken in South America.
By+ the agent (Object) is used : A. When it is important to know who does the action. The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell.
How to form the Passive We form the passive from the verb /to be/ and the 3rd form of the main verb (V3). /to be/ expresses the tense of the main verb. Examples: The movie is being shown now. The movie was shown last night. The movie will be shown tomorrow.
Present Simple Active: Subject+V1+Object … Passive: Subject+am/is/are+V3+by+Object Example: She writes the letter. The letter is written by her. Tenses
Present Progressive Active:Subject+am/is/are+V1+ing+Object Passive: Subject+ am/is/ are+ Being +V3+by+Object Examples: She is writing the letter right now. The letter is being written by her.
Present Perfect Active: Subject+have/has+V3 +Object Passive: Subject+have/has+been+V3+by+Object Examples: She has written the letter. The letter has been written by her.
Past Simple Active: Subject+V2+Object Passive: Subject+ was/were+V3+by+Object Examples: She has written the letter. The letter was written by her.
Past Progressive Active: Subject+was/were+V1+ing+Object Passive: Subject+was/were+being+V3+by+Object. Examples: She was writing the letter. The letter was being written by her.
Past Perfect Active: Subject+had+V3+Object Passive: Subject had+been+V3+by+Object Examples: She had written the letter. The letter had been written by her.
Future Simple Active: Subject+will+V1+Object Passive: Subject+will+be+V3+by+Object Examples: She will write the letter to him. The letter will be written by her to him.
Be Going To Active: Subject+ am/is/are+ going to+ V1+Object Passive: Subject+ am/is/are+ going to+be+V3 Examples: She is going to write a letter to him. The letter is going to be written by her.
Modals Active:Subject+Modal+V1+Object Passive: Subject+Modals+be+V3+by+object Examples: She can write the letter. The letter can be written by her to him.
Semi Modals Active: Subject+ Semi Modal+V1+Object Passive: Subject+ Semi Modal+be+V3+by+Object Examples: She has to send the letter to her uncle. The letter has to be sent by her to her uncle.
Pay attention: Not all the verbs can be put into Passive because they have no object (no one to receive the action. Examples of such verbs are include: Happen, die, sleep, exist, go, come, occur, arrive, have, live.
When rewriting active sentences in the Passive Voice, note the following: The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence The verb is changed (to be + past participle). The subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
Your personal assignment Choose one: Write a poem about love A newspaper article about crime. Use the Passive Voice. Use connectors. For the newspaper article, use the vocabulary from p.78 in your book.