Presentation on theme: "Exploring the Concept and Institution of Middle Level Schooling"— Presentation transcript:
1Exploring the Concept and Institution of Middle Level Schooling Chapter 1-ITMSTurning PointsThis We Believe
2Middle School By Design MSBAMiddle School By AccidentMSBDMiddle School By Design
3Brief History of Middle School 1909- first signs of bridge needed btwn elementary and HS20th century- present: HS departmentalized by subject areaChanging classes oftenThe junior high looked like a mini high school
4Examples of problems of the junior high school Curriculum too subject-centeredTeacher were inadequately prepared to teach young adolescentsClassrooms were teacher and textbook centeredStudents were tracked(Anfara & Waks, 2000)THESE PROBLEMS STILL EXIST TODAY!
5Contributors to rationale for middle schools National Middle School Association (NMSA)Turning PointsThis We BelieveTurning Points 2000
6National Middle School Association Defines a middle school as one that is specifically structured to meet the developmental needs of young adolescents agedVarious definitions that are continuing to evolve-ITMS p.3-4.
7Turning Points First Written in 1989 Milestone in the transformation of educational policy and practicesRecognized as establishing a comprehensive research agenda in middle level education across AmericaDeveloped as a blueprint for reform in middle level education in the US
8What do you think about this statement? Turning PointsCalled attention to the opportunities and risks associated with early adolescenceThe authors argued that a high quality education for all adolescents in America was a “matter of social justice but also a matter of national economic self-interest for protecting America’s future within a global economy”.What do you think about this statement?
9Turning PointsSee pages 10 and 14 in ITMS by Sara Davis Powell for the principles of Turning PointsThese principles will be met by improvement in curriculum, instruction and assessment, teacher preparation and development, and the role of parents and educational partnersThe National Forum to Accelerate Middle Grades Reform further reinforces these principles
10This We BelievePosition Statement by National Middle school Association (NMSA)First Published in 1982, revised in the 1995 and 2003.Provided a descriptive definition of middle school.Provides Guidelines for developmentally responsive middle schools
11This We BelieveSee page 12 in ITMS by Sara Davis Powell for the principles of This We Believe (the latest version) characteristics of developmentally responsive middle schools.In your own words, Turning Points…. And This We Believe….
12Turning Points 2000“The main purpose of middle grades education is to promote young adolescents’ intellectual development. It is to enable every student to think creatively, to identify and solve meaningful problems, to communicate and work well with others, and to develop the base of factual knowledge and skills that is the essential foundation of these higher order capacities.”Turning Points 2000, pgs.10-11