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Exploring the Concept and Institution of Middle Level Schooling Chapter 1-ITMS Turning Points This We Believe.

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Presentation on theme: "Exploring the Concept and Institution of Middle Level Schooling Chapter 1-ITMS Turning Points This We Believe."— Presentation transcript:

1 Exploring the Concept and Institution of Middle Level Schooling Chapter 1-ITMS Turning Points This We Believe

2 MSBA Middle School By Accident MSBD Middle School By Design

3 Brief History of Middle School first signs of bridge needed btwn elementary and HS 20 th century- present: HS -departmentalized by subject area Changing classes often The junior high looked like a mini high school

4 Examples of problems of the junior high school Curriculum too subject-centered Teacher were inadequately prepared to teach young adolescents Classrooms were teacher and textbook centered Students were tracked (Anfara & Waks, 2000) THESE PROBLEMS STILL EXIST TODAY!

5 Contributors to rationale for middle schools National Middle School Association (NMSA) Turning Points This We Believe Turning Points 2000

6 National Middle School Association Defines a middle school as one that is specifically structured to meet the developmental needs of young adolescents aged Various definitions that are continuing to evolve-ITMS p.3-4.

7 Turning Points First Written in 1989 First Written in 1989 Milestone in the transformation of educational policy and practices Milestone in the transformation of educational policy and practices Recognized as establishing a comprehensive research agenda in middle level education across America Recognized as establishing a comprehensive research agenda in middle level education across America Developed as a blueprint for reform in middle level education in the US Developed as a blueprint for reform in middle level education in the US

8 Turning Points Called attention to the opportunities and risks associated with early adolescence Called attention to the opportunities and risks associated with early adolescence The authors argued that a high quality education for all adolescents in America was a matter of social justice but also a matter of national economic self-interest for protecting Americas future within a global economy. The authors argued that a high quality education for all adolescents in America was a matter of social justice but also a matter of national economic self-interest for protecting Americas future within a global economy. What do you think about this statement?

9 Turning Points See pages 10 and 14 in ITMS by Sara Davis Powell for the principles of Turning Points See pages 10 and 14 in ITMS by Sara Davis Powell for the principles of Turning Points These principles will be met by improvement in curriculum, instruction and assessment, teacher preparation and development, and the role of parents and educational partners These principles will be met by improvement in curriculum, instruction and assessment, teacher preparation and development, and the role of parents and educational partners The National Forum to Accelerate Middle Grades Reform further reinforces these principles The National Forum to Accelerate Middle Grades Reform further reinforces these principles

10 This We Believe Position Statement by National Middle school Association (NMSA) Position Statement by National Middle school Association (NMSA) First Published in 1982, revised in the 1995 and First Published in 1982, revised in the 1995 and Provided a descriptive definition of middle school. Provided a descriptive definition of middle school. Provides Guidelines for developmentally responsive middle schools Provides Guidelines for developmentally responsive middle schools

11 This We Believe See page 12 in ITMS by Sara Davis Powell for the principles of This We Believe (the latest version) characteristics of developmentally responsive middle schools. See page 12 in ITMS by Sara Davis Powell for the principles of This We Believe (the latest version) characteristics of developmentally responsive middle schools. In your own words, Turning Points…. And This We Believe…. In your own words, Turning Points…. And This We Believe….

12 Turning Points 2000 The main purpose of middle grades education is to promote young adolescents intellectual development. It is to enable every student to think creatively, to identify and solve meaningful problems, to communicate and work well with others, and to develop the base of factual knowledge and skills that is the essential foundation of these higher order capacities. Turning Points 2000, pgs.10-11


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