Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Association of integrated vine production start 1991 15 companies, approx. 600 ha.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Association of integrated vine production start 1991 15 companies, approx. 600 ha."— Presentation transcript:

1 Association of integrated vine production start companies, approx. 600 ha

2 Biocont Laboratory South Moravia ha Bohemia 500 ha

3 Main cultivars white vine Gruener Veltliener Welshrieslink Mueller Thurgau Pinot Blanc Chardonay Rheinrieslink Neuburger Tramiener Pálava Moravský muškát Biocont Laboratory

4 Main cultivars red vine Blau Fraenkisch St. Laurent Bl. Portugieser Blau Burgunder Zweigelt Merlot Cabernet Sauvignon Cabernet Moravia Biocont Laboratory

5 =15,6 o C =16,8 o C Biocont Laboratory

6 History of IPM (1880, first application of Cu and S, „Reblaus“) 1970 – first forecasts of calamity occurence of peronospora 1972 – (FAW (CH) Dr. E. Boller – green vineyards, T. pyri) 1980 – first aplication of BT against Tortricidae (Bathurin) - first green vineyards (Mikulov) - cultivation of interspecific resistant varieties 1984 – Biobit registration in CS 1984 – first work with predatory mite T. pyri, strain Mikulov. (M. Hluchý, M. Zacharda) 1987 – T. pyri works at aprox. 200 ha of vineyard (Mikulov) Eriophyidae, Tetranychidae 1989 – introduction of T. pyri to 35 companies in ČSSR and Austria 1991 – foundation of IP Union, 15 companies, together 600 ha - first „IP rules“ are made Biocont Laboratory

7 History of IPM project - Biologization of vineyards (600 ha of vineyards) in CHKO Pálava, supported by World Bank 2000 – 2001 Project PHARE, introduction of IP on area of 6000 ha of vineyards, 45 meteostations, advisory service etc – first trials with mating disruption of Tortricidae 2006 – mating distuption on 640 ha of vineyards at south Moravia (Novosedly – altogether 130 ha treated with pheromones) 2006 – Biological protection against fungi at Vitis vinifera varieties succesfuly tested at 4 places 2006 – IP on aprox ha of vineyards (180 south Moravian companies (8.500 ha) – members of IP Association) approx ha of organic vineyards, - the use of MD (pheromones) on ha (17 % of all vineyards) Biocont Laboratory

8 Typhlodromus pyri – symbol of benefitials in viticulture Biocont Laboratory

9 Placement of meteorological stations in forecast and signalization system in Břeclav and Znojmo districts – project PHARE 2000 Minimalization of fungicid spraying Biocont Laboratory

10 Svaz integrované produkce hroznů a vína (IP Union) Project PHARE: South Moravia Meteostations Vinegrower company Advisory centre Prognostic program Neighbouring growers Vinegrower companies TownhallGardenery communitiesHobby vinegrowers E - mail Forecast and signalization systém for fungal diseases in vineyards Biocont Laboratory

11

12 Integrované a organické vinohradnictví Agrotechnika konvenčníintegrovanéorganické  černý úhor  herbicidy  !! Kořenové herbicidy  povinné alternované ozelenění  růstové herbicidy (glyphosate, sulphosate, jen pod keři, 2 x/rok  sežínané ozelenění  i alternované  mech. pod keři  nutná vhodná mechanizace !! Supported IP in Czech republic, 2004 – 2013: financial support 507 EUR/ha*year controlled technological points: Biocont Laboratory No application of „high toxic“ pesticides ( only against benefitials) Minimally every 2nd row green Maximally 2 kg of Cu /ha/year Maximally 6 treatments against powdery mildew and 6 treatments against downy mildew Maximally 50 kg of N fertilizers/ha/year

13 Association of integrated production companies, approx ha Biocont Laboratory General meeting IV 2005: „ one of the priorities is development and implemantation of Organic viticulture …“

14 Development of the ackrage of organic viticulture in South Moravia (CZ) Biocont Laboratory

15 15 Projekt im ETC Programm AT-CZ: ECOWIN Naturschutz durch Ökologisierung im Weinbau Ochrana přírody ekologizací vinohradnictví Projektpräsentation, Mosonymagyarovár,

16

17 17 Naturschutz durch Ökologisierung im Weinbau Ochrana přírody ekologizací vinohradnictví -Basis of the Project ECOWIN -Realization -Results

18 1912 – 1913 H. Skala Die Lepidopterenfauna Maehrens und Schlaesiens Pollauer Bergen the second most the second mostlepidopterologically examined area of Moravia examined area of Moravia (after the area of Brno (after the area of Brno surroundings) surroundings) Today - relatively saved and entomologically still and entomologically still one of the richest areas one of the richest areas of CR of CR

19 Erynnis tagetes Carcharodus alceae Spialia sertoriusPyrgus malvaePyrgus alveusPyrgus armoricanusPyrgus serratulaePyrgus carthami Carterocephalus palaemonHeteropterus morpheusThymelicus sylvestrisa Thymelicus lineolaa Thymelicus acteona Hesperia comma Ochlodes sylvanusZerynthia polyxenaParnassius mnemosyneIphiclides podaliriusPapilio machaonLeptidea sinapisLeptidea realiLeptidea morseiAporia crataegiPieris brassicae Pieris rapaePieris mannii Pieris napi Pontia daplidiceAnthocharic cardaminesColias hyale Colias alfacariensisColias chrysotheme Colias myrmidoneColias croceaColias erateGonepteryx rhamniLycaena phlaeasLycaena dispar Lycaena virgaureae Lycaena tityrus Lycaena thersamonLycaena hipothoe Thecla betulaeSatyrium pruniSatyrium w-albumSatyrium spiniSatyrium ilicis Satyrium_acaciaeCallophrys rubiCupido minimus L. boeticus Cupido argiades Cupido decoloratusCelastrina_argiolusP. vicramaScolitantides orionGlaucopsyche alexis Maculinea teleiusMaculinea nausithousPlebeius_argus Plebeius idas Plebeius_argyrognomonAricia agestisAricia eumedonAricia artaxerxes Cyaniris semiargus Polyommatus damonPolyommatus dorylasPolyommatus amandusPolyommatus thersitesPolyommatus_icarusPolyommatus_eroidesPolyommatus_coridonPolyommatus_bellargusPolyommatus_daphnisApatura irisH. lucinaApatura ilia Limenitis populiLimenitis camillaNeptis sappho Nymphalis polychloros Nymphalis antiopaNymphalis vaualbumNymphalis xanthomelasInachis ioAglais urticaeVanessa atalantaVanessa_carduiPolygonia c-albumAraschnia levana Argynnis_paphiaArgynnis pandoraArgynnis aglajaArgynnis adippeArgynnis niobeIssoria lathonia Brenthis ino Boloria_seleneBoloria euphrosyneBoloria_diaMelitaea cinxiaMelitaea phoebeMelitaea didyma Melitaea triviaMelitaea athaliaMelitaea_britomartisMelitaea aureliaEuphydras maturnaMelanargia galatheaHipparchia fagiHipparchia semeleHipparchia statilinusChazara briseis Minois_dryas Brintesia circe Arethusana arethusa Erebia aethiopsErebia medusaManiola jurtina Aphantopus hyperantus M.lycaon Coenonympha pamphilusCoenonympha arcaniaCoenonympha glycerion Pararge aegeriaLasiommata megeraLasiommata maera Lopinga achine Pálava:

20 Erynnis tagetes Carcharodus alceae Spialia sertoriusPyrgus malvae Heteropterus morpheusThymelicus sylvestrisa Thymelicus lineolaa Hesperia comma Ochlodes sylvanusParnassius mnemosyneIphiclides podaliriusPapilio machaonLeptidea sinapisLeptidea realiPieris brassicae Pieris rapae Pieris napi Pontia daplidiceAnthocharic cardaminesColias hyale Colias alfacariensis Colias croceaColias erateGonepteryx rhamniLycaena phlaeasLycaena dispar Lycaena virgaureae Satyrium pruniSatyrium spini Satyrium_acaciaeCallophrys rubiCupido minimusCupido argiades Cupido decoloratusCelastrina_argiolusScolitantides orionGlaucopsyche alexis Plebeius_argus Plebeius idas Plebeius_argyrognomonAricia agestis Polyommatus thersitesPolyommatus_icarusPolyommatus_coridonPolyommatus_bellargusPolyommatus_daphnisH. lucinaApatura ilia Nymphalis antiopaInachis ioAglais urticaeVanessa atalantaVanessa_carduiPolygonia c-albumAraschnia levana Argynnis_paphiaIssoria lathoniaBoloria_diaMelitaea cinxia Melitaea athaliaMelanargia galatheaHipparchia fagiHipparchia semele Minois_dryas Brintesia circe Arethusana arethusa Erebia aethiopsManiola jurtina Aphantopus hyperantusCoenonympha pamphilusCoenonympha arcaniaCoenonympha glycerion Pararge aegeriaLasiommata megeraLasiommata maera Pálava:

21 Changes of the composition of butterlies on Pálava hills during 20 centuryt 1903 – – 1912: H. Skala: Die Lepidopterenfauna Maehrens 2004 – 2006 M. Hluchý, Z. Laštůvka, J. Marek, M. Švestka, O. Jakeš, V. Hula, A. Florian Biocont Laboratory 2 No change Extincted More rare New

22 Historical changes - Pálava examples of extincted species examples of extincted species C. chrysotheme, 1990 C. myrmidone, 1983 P. vicrama, 1950 P. alveus, 1950 N. sappho, 1930 N. vaualbum, 1945 N. xanthomelas, 1953 A. niobe, 1978 E. maturna, 1990 C. briseis, 1995 H. lycaon, 1993 L. achine, 1990 P. damon, 1970

23 Chazara briseis, 1995

24 Colias chrysotheme, 1990

25 Agrodiaetus damon, 1970

26 Děvín 2009

27 Biodiverzita vinic Rudolf Gajdoš, Děvín, 1954

28 Quelle: AOPK ČR, SPRÁVA CHKO PÁLAVA, Dr. Jiří Matuška Field structure (1938 a 2006)

29 Vineyards in the Landscape protected area Pálava CHRÁNĚNÁ KRAJINNÁ OBLAST Vineyards Nature reservations Vineyards of collaborating companies

30 time of treatmentPest or patogen Recomended compounds and concentrations Dosage/ 1 ha solution in l Prep. in kg After the spring cut before foliation Calepitrimerus vitis Eriophyes vitis Polybarit 3-5% Sulka 4-5% The length of sprouts 25 – 30 cm Downy meldew Novozir N 50 0,5%7003,5 Downy m., Powdery m. at the same time Novozir N 50 0,5% Sulikol K 0,3% 700 3,5 2,1 Before the bloom Downy meldew Kuprikol 0,6 %10006,0 Downy m., Powdery m. and Grape moths Kuprikol 0,6 % Sulikol K 0,4 % Dykol 0,4 % ,0 4,0 After the bloom Downy meldew Kuprikol 0,8 %12009,6 Downy m., Powdery m. and Grape moths at the same time Kuprikol 0,8 % Sulikol K 0,5 % Dykol 0,4 % ,6 6,0 4,8 Young grapes Downy meldew Kuprikol 1,0 %200020,0 Downy m., Grape moths at the same time Kuprikol 1,0 % Dykol 0,4 % ,0 8,0 Powdery meldew Sfinx sulphur-20,0 Dykol (50 % a.i. DDT) 16,8 kg/ha. year 1968 the „modern system“ of vine protection

31 Rezidues of DDT in soil vineyard Pavlov - Reservation Děvín

32 Velké Pavlovice 2011 Konventional / ecological

33 Result of conventional viticulture – ruderalization of the landscape

34 Result of conventional viticulture – ruderalization of the landscape

35 Localities Monitoring of the biodiverzity of the vineyards Biocont Laboratory

36 Localisation of monitored plots Biocont Laboratory 1,6 km 1,2 km 20 m Monitoring of vineyards biodiversity 2008

37 Konventional vineyards: Biocont Laboratory - open soil between rows - not limited application of herbicides: - not limited application of insecticides and fungicides - not limited application of mineral fertilizers Monitoring of vineyards biodiversity 2008

38 IPM vineyards: Biocont Laboratory - minimally 50 % of soil continually covered by herbs - application of herbicides only under rows of vine - applications of other pesticides limited - applications of mineral fertilizers minimalised (N only 50 kg/ha.year) Monitoring of vineyards biodiversity 2008

39 Organic vineyards: Biocont Laboratory - minimally 50 % of soil covered by herbs - no pesticides used - no mineral fertilizers used Monitoring of vineyards biodiversity 2008

40 Monitored groups of indicators - Plants - Lepidoptera - Carabidae - Lumbricidae - Oribatidae - Chilopoda, Diplopoda

41 Biodiverzity of vineyards Nr. of species Nr. of specimens 2 conventional v integrated v ecological v foreststepe

42 Erynnis tagetes Carcharodus alceae Spialia sertoriusPyrgus malvaePyrgus alveusPyrgus armoricanusPyrgus serratulaePyrgus carthami Carterocephalus palaemonHeteropterus morpheusThymelicus sylvestrisa Thymelicus lineolaa Thymelicus acteona Hesperia comma Ochlodes sylvanusZerynthia polyxenaParnassius mnemosyneIphiclides podaliriusPapilio machaonLeptidea sinapisLeptidea realiLeptidea morseiAporia crataegiPieris brassicae Pieris rapaePieris mannii Pieris napi Pontia daplidiceAnthocharic cardaminesColias hyale Colias alfacariensisColias chrysotheme Colias myrmidoneColias croceaColias erateGonepteryx rhamniLycaena phlaeasLycaena dispar Lycaena virgaureae Lycaena tityrus Lycaena thersamonLycaena hipothoe Thecla betulaeSatyrium pruniSatyrium w-albumSatyrium spiniSatyrium ilicis Satyrium_acaciaeCallophrys rubiCupido minimus L. boeticus Cupido argiades Cupido decoloratusCelastrina_argiolusP. vicramaScolitantides orionGlaucopsyche alexis Maculinea teleiusMaculinea nausithousPlebeius_argus Plebeius idas Plebeius_argyrognomonAricia agestisAricia eumedonAricia artaxerxes Cyaniris semiargus Polyommatus damonPolyommatus dorylasPolyommatus amandusPolyommatus thersitesPolyommatus_icarusPolyommatus_eroidesPolyommatus_coridonPolyommatus_bellargusPolyommatus_daphnisApatura irisH. lucinaApatura ilia Limenitis populiLimenitis camillaNeptis sappho Nymphalis polychloros Nymphalis antiopaNymphalis vaualbumNymphalis xanthomelasInachis ioAglais urticaeVanessa atalantaVanessa_carduiPolygonia c-albumAraschnia levana Argynnis_paphiaArgynnis pandoraArgynnis aglajaArgynnis adippeArgynnis niobeIssoria lathonia Brenthis ino Boloria_seleneBoloria euphrosyneBoloria_diaMelitaea cinxiaMelitaea phoebeMelitaea didyma Melitaea triviaMelitaea athaliaMelitaea_britomartisMelitaea aureliaEuphydras maturnaMelanargia galatheaHipparchia fagiHipparchia semeleHipparchia statilinusChazara briseis Minois_dryas Brintesia circe Arethusana arethusa Erebia aethiopsErebia medusaManiola jurtina Aphantopus hyperantus M.lycaon Coenonympha pamphilusCoenonympha arcaniaCoenonympha glycerion Pararge aegeriaLasiommata megeraLasiommata maera Lopinga achine Pálava:

43 Erynnis tagetes Carcharodus alceae Spialia sertoriusPyrgus malvae Heteropterus morpheusThymelicus sylvestrisa Thymelicus lineolaa Hesperia comma Ochlodes sylvanusParnassius mnemosyneIphiclides podaliriusPapilio machaonLeptidea sinapisLeptidea realiPieris brassicae Pieris rapae Pieris napi Pontia daplidiceAnthocharic cardaminesColias hyale Colias alfacariensis Colias croceaColias erateGonepteryx rhamniLycaena phlaeasLycaena dispar Lycaena virgaureae Satyrium pruniSatyrium spini Satyrium_acaciaeCallophrys rubiCupido minimusCupido argiades Cupido decoloratusCelastrina_argiolusScolitantides orionGlaucopsyche alexis Plebeius_argus Plebeius idas Plebeius_argyrognomonAricia agestis Polyommatus thersitesPolyommatus_icarusPolyommatus_coridonPolyommatus_bellargusPolyommatus_daphnisH. lucinaApatura ilia Nymphalis antiopaInachis ioAglais urticaeVanessa atalantaVanessa_carduiPolygonia c-albumAraschnia levana Argynnis_paphiaIssoria lathoniaBoloria_diaMelitaea cinxia Melitaea athaliaMelanargia galatheaHipparchia fagiHipparchia semele Minois_dryas Brintesia circe Arethusana arethusa Erebia aethiopsManiola jurtina Aphantopus hyperantusCoenonympha pamphilusCoenonympha arcaniaCoenonympha glycerion Pararge aegeriaLasiommata megeraLasiommata maera Pálava:

44 Erynnis tagetes Carcharodus alceaeHeteropterus morpheus Thymelicus lineolaa Ochlodes sylvanusIphiclides podaliriusPapilio machaonLeptidea sinapisLeptidea realiPieris brassicae Pieris rapae Pieris napi Pontia daplidiceColias hyale Colias alfacariensis Colias croceaColias erateGonepteryx rhamni Cupido minimusCupido argiades Cupido decoloratusGlaucopsyche alexis Plebeius_argyrognomonAricia agestis Polyommatus_icarusPolyommatus_coridonPolyommatus_bellargus Nymphalis vaualbumInachis ioAglais urticaeVanessa atalantaVanessa_carduiPolygonia c-album Argynnis_paphiaIssoria lathoniaBoloria_diaMelitaea cinxia Melanargia galathea Minois_dryas Maniola jurtina Aphantopus hyperantusCoenonympha pamphilusCoenonympha arcaniaCoenonympha glycerion Ekologické vinice

45 Erynnis tagetes Carcharodus alceae Spialia sertoriusPyrgus malvae Thymelicus lineolaa Ochlodes sylvanusIphiclides podaliriusPapilio machaonLeptidea sinapisPieris brassicae Pieris rapae Pieris napi Pontia daplidiceColias hyale Colias alfacariensis Colias croceaColias erateGonepteryx rhamniLycaena phlaeas Cupido minimusCupido argiades Celastrina_argiolus Aricia agestis Polyommatus_icarusPolyommatus_coridonPolyommatus_bellargusApatura ilia Inachis ioAglais urticaeVanessa atalantaVanessa_carduiPolygonia c-albumAraschnia levana Argynnis_paphiaIssoria lathoniaBoloria_dia Melitaea athaliaMelanargia galatheaHipparchia fagiChazara briseisBrintesia circe Maniola jurtina Aphantopus hyperantusCoenonympha pamphilusCoenonympha arcaniaCoenonympha glycerion Lasiommata megera Integrované vinice

46 Erynnis tagetes Iphiclides podaliriusPieris brassicae Pieris rapae Pieris napi Polyommatus_icarus Inachis ioVanessa_cardui Coenonympha pamphilus Lasiommata megera Konvenční vinice

47 Main factors that influens biodiverzity of vineyards 1)Period (years) from last application of chemical insecticide: r N = 0,94**, r S = 0,88** 2) Soil management: r N = - 0,92**, r S = - 0,84** 3) Lenght (years) ongoing succession: r N = 0,82**, r S = 0,75** 4)Distance from nearest steppe locality: r N = - 0,72**, H = - 0,79** 5) Age of the vineyard: r H = 0,74** Diverzity of vineyards - butterflies 2009

48 In Břeclav county is 522 ha natural protected foreststeppe areas fragmented to 23 localities Biodiverzity of vineyards – consequences and ha of vineyards, from it Approx. 70 % in IPM system and 6 % organic Biocont Laboratory

49 49 Naturschutz durch Ökologisierung im Weinbau Ochrana přírody ekologizací vinohradnictví -Basis of the Project ECOWIN -Realization -Results

50 50 ECOWIN - Ochrana přírody ekologizací vinohradnictví Project have 4 main parts: 1) Work out and realisation of the propagation and aducation course for winegrovers, nature protection specialists, teachers, students, konzumers etc. 2) Experimental part: on 2 CZ localities are trials with different green cover Bonitated parameters: fyziology of vine plants, deseases, nutrients, quality of grapes and wine 3) Regreening of approx. cca ha SM vineyards with seed mixtures, replacement of Insecticides by MD pheromones 4) Optimalization of viticulture landscape.

51 In South Moravian region it the project ECOWIN realised on 1370 ha of vineyards in 62 companies

52 Vineyards in the Landscape protected area Pálava CHRÁNĚNÁ KRAJINNÁ OBLAST Vineyards Nature reservations Vineyards of collaborating companies

53 Toxicity of insecticides registered in CZ viticulture toxicita - redukce / 1 aplikaci (% populace) Not toxic 0 % Toxicity until 40 % Toxicity until 60 % High toxic 100 % Feromony LB, EAIsonet L+, LE

54 Integrovaná produkce Moderní systém integrované produkce Podporujebiodiverzitu From the project budget growers receive financial support: - 45 % of the Pheromone (MD) price for 2 years – 1194 ha - 90 % of seed mixture price – 860 ha totaly

55 Onobrychis sativa one of the plant species suitable for regreening of vineyards. It is also host plant of many endangered species.

56 . Vičenec ligrusOnobrychis viciaefolia7 Tolice dětelováMedicago lupulina3 Svazenka vratičolistáPhacelia tanacetifolia1 Hořčice bíláSinapis alba0,5 Jetel plazivý (stř. vzrůst)Trifolium repens2,5 Kostřava ovčíFestuca ovina1 Kostřava červená výběžkatáFestuca rubra0,5 Kostřava červená trsnatáFestuca rubra0,5 lipnice lučníPoa pratensis0,5 sléz krmnýMalva1 čičorka pestráCoronilla varia1,5 jitrocel kopinatýPlantago lanceolata0,2 Štírovník růžkatýLotus corniculatus0,5 mrkev setáDaucus carota0,3 Celkem (kg)20 Mixture „Green mix multi“

57 57

58 58

59

60

61 61

62 62

63 63

64 64

65

66 66

67 67

68 68

69 69

70

71

72

73 73 Naturschutz durch Ökologisierung im Weinbau Ochrana přírody ekologizací vinohradnictví -Basis of the Project ECOWIN -Realization -Results

74 The main result: successfull, environmently educated vinegrover. Results – ECOWIN CZ - AT:

75 Arethusana arethusa. Kriticaly endangered species. Popice – organic vineyards Gotberg: 2010 – 1 ex, ex Foto H. Šefrová. Results – ECOWIN CZ - AT:

76 Polyommatus daphnis. Endangered species living on Coronilla varia. Regulerly observed in organic vineyard in Popice – Gotberg. Foto H. Šefrová Results – ECOWIN CZ - AT:

77 Polyommatus bellargus. Endangered species living as catterpillar on Coronilla varia. Regulery occurence in IPM vineyard in Mikulov (2009 – 4 ex, 2010 – 6 ex) and in organic vineyard in Popice (2011 – 4 ex) show, that organic and some IPM vineyards are good ecosystems for life of this endangered species. (Foto H. Šefrová) Results – ECOWIN CZ - AT:

78 Polyommatus coridon. Species living as catterpillar on Fabaceae (Coronilla spp., Hippocrepis commosa). Regulerly observed in organic vineyard in Popice – Gotberg and IPM vineyards in Popice - Sonberg and Mikulov. Foto H. Šefrová. Results – ECOWIN CZ - AT:

79 Cupido argiades. Sensitive species relatively common in IPM vineyard in Mikulov (2010 – 6 ex) Foto Z. Laštůvka Results – ECOWIN CZ - AT:

80 Polyommatus thersites. Living as larva only on Onobrychis spp. In 2011 observed 3 ex. in IPM vineyard Popice - Sonberg, and 4 ex. in organic vineyard of Popice - Gotberg Foto Z. Laštůvka

81 81 Zygaena ephialtes. Relatively rare species living as catterpillar on Fabaceae. Extremely important and interesting is common occurence of 35 ex. in 2010 Popice - Gotberg. Results – ECOWIN CZ - AT:

82 Děkuji za pozornost www. Biocont.cz Ing. M. Hluchý, PhD Biocont Laboratory s r.o. Biodiverzita vinic výsledky roku 2008 Biocont Laboratory Thank you for your attention

83 83 P.S. We thank also


Download ppt "Association of integrated vine production start 1991 15 companies, approx. 600 ha."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google