Presentation on theme: "How Do We Construct the Outside World? Sensation – detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding it as neural signals Perception – the process."— Presentation transcript:
How Do We Construct the Outside World? Sensation – detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding it as neural signals Perception – the process of selecting, organising and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events. SENSATION PERCEPTION = MEANING
Selective Attention At any moment, our awareness focuses (like a flashlight beam in the dark) on a limited aspect of all that we experience. Some researchers believe that ever second our five senses take in 11,000,000 bits of information (while we are conscious of 40 of them)
Inattentional Blindness Failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere
Psychology and Optical Illusions Psychologists LOVE visual illusions, because they reflect visions preeminence among our senses Fun Fact: When vision competes with one of our other senses vision usually wins (this is called visual capture)
Perceptual Consistency Perceiving objects as unchanging (e.g., having consistent lightness, colour, shape, and size) even as illumination and retinal images change
Perceptual Set Our experiences assumptions and expectations may give us a mental predisposition that greatly influences what we perceive
Count the Fs FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE- SULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIF- IC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF YEARS
Try Reading This Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe.
Sound Illusions Falling Bells Drum Beat Phantom Voices? McGurk Effect Can You Hear This?