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Sun wind water earth life living legends for design AR1U130 SUETerritory (design) 4ECTS AR0112 Civil engineering for dummies (calculations) 2ECTS Prof.dr.ir.

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Presentation on theme: "Sun wind water earth life living legends for design AR1U130 SUETerritory (design) 4ECTS AR0112 Civil engineering for dummies (calculations) 2ECTS Prof.dr.ir."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sun wind water earth life living legends for design AR1U130 SUETerritory (design) 4ECTS AR0112 Civil engineering for dummies (calculations) 2ECTS Prof.dr.ir. Taeke M. de Jong Prof.dr.ir. C. van den Akker Ir. D. de Bruin Drs. M.J. Moens Prof.dr.ir. C.M. Steenbergen Ir. M.W.M. van den Toorn http://team.bk.tudelft.nl/http://team.bk.tudelft.nl/ >education

2 The nature of culture EcocentricAnthropocentricConditional

3 Conditional or operational Abiotic conditions

4 Diversity as a condition for life This kind of graph is called ‘Ecological tolerance’

5 Verlanding

6 Northern coast formation

7 Mid-West coast formation

8 Boulder clay formation

9 South Limburg

10 Quality = f(variation)

11 Possibilities for nature (H+N+S)

12 Possibilities for recreation (H+N+S)

13 The condition of space The smaller the open area the less animals could find a habitat. But that is not the case for botanical biodiversity as far as their dispersion is not dependent on big animals.

14 The condition of time

15 The influence of climat changes on vegetation

16 Plants as a basic condition

17 Biodiversity according to the CBS Biobase

18 Kinds of responsibility B Very threatened BAVery threatened, important internationally BDVery threatened, vulnerable C Threatened CAThreatened, important internationally D Vulnerable DAVulnerable, important internationally

19 Habitat responsibility

20 The distribution of two world-wide rare but Dutch common species black-tailed godwit (grutto) marsh fleawort (moerasandijvie)

21 The ecologist’s view Andrewartha (1961):Ecology is the scientific study of the distribution and abundance of organisms. Krebs, C.J. (1972, 1992): Ecology is the scientific study of the the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms. Begon; Harper; Townsend (1996): Ecology is the scientific study of the the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms, populations and communities.

22 The designer’s view: state of dispersion(form)

23 Alternatives of form: states of dispersion at one level of scale

24 Built and open space

25 Open space

26 States of dispersion at different levels of scale

27 Schale paradox

28 Scale sensitive legend units Global Continental National Regional

29 Gobal and continental types

30 R=1000km Continental types of vegetation

31 R=100km: National types of flora

32 Dunes and rivers Dispersion of marram (helm)Dispersion of greater burdock (grote klis)

33 Holocene and Pleistocene Dispersion of meadow barley (veldgerst) Dispersion of wavy hair-grass (bochtige smele)

34 Peat forests

35 Holocene forests

36 Pleistocene forests

37 Other national typologies

38 The EHS for the Netherlands The EHS worked out on Internet for the province of South Holland and the Gelderse poort

39 Nature target groups

40 Lay-out, conservancy, development

41 Nature-target types per physical–geographical region

42 Nature-targets higher sandy soils

43 Elaborated targets 300m.

44 Higher sandy formations

45 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

46 Symbiosis Tyria jacobaeae and common ragwort

47 Breeding and host plant water dock (waterzuring) V18,V19 large copper butterfy (grote vuurvlinder) loosestrife (kattestaart) R27,R28, H27,H28,V17

48 Survival strategies Vogelmuur P48,P68 ("ruderal") Wilgenroosje R47,R67, H47,H62 ("competitor") Grote sleutelbloem G43,G47kr,H43,H47 ("stress-tolerator")

49 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

50 System dynamics Odum(1971) Ecological group and biotope

51 Local ecotopes, ecological groups

52 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

53 Cybernetic variation

54 Gradients (Van Leeuwen) Gradient (limes divergens)Disturbance (limes convergens)

55 Gradient map

56 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

57 Synecology: life community and biotope Klasse Orde Verbond Associatie Subassociatie

58 12 Weegbree-klasse Alterra CONCEPT Alterra

59 42 Voedselarme eiken- beukenbossen-klasse

60 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

61 Autecology: population and habitat Gadwall duck (krakeend) 04 Garland Weed Class (eendekroosklasse)

62 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

63 Environmental science: society and environment Environment according to Udo de HaesEnvironment in technical sense

64 World population

65 Agricultural surface

66 Agricultural surface/person New area by climate change?

67 Yield per hectare phosphate shortage?

68 Climate change The winners are Canada and Russia

69 A paradox of scale One species, perhaps counting 80% ‘unhealthy’ specimens, is healthy enough to oust 1000 other species on 1 new species by evolution per year. Which risk do we count?

70 Possible futures

71 Schale paradox

72 Scale articulation

73 Binary legend of man’s habitat

74 Ecological units

75 Ecological elaboration R=300m Communities in biotopes R=30m Ecological groups in ecotopes R=3m Symbiosis and competition R=30cm Individual survival strategies

76 Vegetation biodiversity

77 R=3km

78 R=1km 180 species200 species330 species

79 National rareness of 500 urban plant species in Zoetermeer

80 Urban ecology hypotheses

81 Metropolitan ambitions

82 Urban perspective

83 Wall and tread plants urban areas procumbent pearlwort liggend vetmuur P40mu yellow corydalis gele helmbloem P40mu ivy-leaved toadflax muurleeuwebek P40mu plantain weegbree P48tr shepherd's-purse herderstasje P48tr knotgrass varkensgras P48tr annual meadow-grass straatgras P48tr pineapple weed schijfkamille P48tr

84 Comparing and evaluating


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