Presentation on theme: "We Helped Win The War Too! A Look at Minority Groups in WWII."— Presentation transcript:
We Helped Win The War Too! A Look at Minority Groups in WWII
Women At the Homefront By million women working (up 57% from 1940) Men $54.65/week Women $31.21/week
Rosie the Riveter Nickname for women working in Factories Jobs: welders, riveters, making munitions, machinists, etc
Women in the Military Law by May 1942 (at 1 st Congress against it-it took a year to pass) Jobs: Secretaries, radio operators, truck drivers, and airplane mechanics NO COMBAT!
Women in The Military WACS: Army WAVES: Navy (fashion designer helped design uniforms to keep feminine) SPARS: Coast Guard
Women in the Military WASPS: Womens Air Force Service Pilots Ferried training aircraft and supplies 38 died during WWII
WASPS AFTER WAR Returned home with no military benefits or recognition July 1, 2009 Obama awarded them the Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony March 10, 2010
Civilian Women Overseas Red Cross: nurses, nurses aides Salvation Army: Donut Dollies, Entertainment
African Americans on The Homefront Women migrate north to work in factories Double V Campaign: victory over fascism in Europe & victory over racism at home
African Americans in the Military Start of WWII Segregated, No Combat depending on branch 2.5 million African Americans registered for the draft -For better pay & to fight racism
African Americans in the Military Army: Two all black units 92 nd Division 761 st Tank Division (Black Panthers) -Fought in combat -Battle of the Bulge -Medal of Honor winner
761 st Tank Unit Men, you're the first Negro tankers to ever fight in the American Army. I would never have asked for you if you weren't good. I have nothing but the best in my Army. I don't care what color you are as long as you go up there and kill those Kraut sons of b*****. Everyone has their eyes on you and is expecting great things from you. Most of all your race is looking forward to your success. Don't let them down and d*** you, don't let me down! -Patton
African Americans in the Military Tuskegee Airmen: Trained at Tuskegee University & Howard University -1 st had to train as civilians -445 Tuskegee airmen in WWII -150 killed in WWII -Highly Decorated
After the War Troops become Desegregated by the end of WWII Return to discrimination and segregation in the south Jackie Robinson: 1 st African American to play for the Major Leagues in Baseball April 15, 1947 *He was in the 761 st !
Mexican Americans Bracero Programs: US recruits Mexican farmers -told to return after WWII Zoot Suit Riots: white sailors started a fight with Mexican Americans & it led to riots in Los Angeles that spread across the country Also targeted African Americans, other Latinos, & Filipinos Nicknamed for suits Mexicans wore