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We Helped Win The War Too! A Look at Minority Groups in WWII.

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Presentation on theme: "We Helped Win The War Too! A Look at Minority Groups in WWII."— Presentation transcript:

1 We Helped Win The War Too! A Look at Minority Groups in WWII

2 Women At the Homefront By million women working (up 57% from 1940) Men $54.65/week Women $31.21/week

3 Rosie the Riveter Nickname for women working in Factories Jobs: welders, riveters, making munitions, machinists, etc

4 Women in the Military Law by May 1942 (at 1 st Congress against it-it took a year to pass) Jobs: Secretaries, radio operators, truck drivers, and airplane mechanics NO COMBAT!

5 Women in The Military WACS: Army WAVES: Navy (fashion designer helped design uniforms to keep feminine) SPARS: Coast Guard

6 Women in the Military WASPS: Womens Air Force Service Pilots Ferried training aircraft and supplies 38 died during WWII

7 WASPS AFTER WAR Returned home with no military benefits or recognition July 1, 2009 Obama awarded them the Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony March 10, 2010

8 Civilian Women Overseas Red Cross: nurses, nurses aides Salvation Army: Donut Dollies, Entertainment

9 African Americans on The Homefront Women migrate north to work in factories Double V Campaign: victory over fascism in Europe & victory over racism at home

10 African Americans in the Military Start of WWII Segregated, No Combat depending on branch 2.5 million African Americans registered for the draft -For better pay & to fight racism

11 African Americans in the Military Army: Two all black units 92 nd Division 761 st Tank Division (Black Panthers) -Fought in combat -Battle of the Bulge -Medal of Honor winner

12 761 st Tank Unit Men, you're the first Negro tankers to ever fight in the American Army. I would never have asked for you if you weren't good. I have nothing but the best in my Army. I don't care what color you are as long as you go up there and kill those Kraut sons of b*****. Everyone has their eyes on you and is expecting great things from you. Most of all your race is looking forward to your success. Don't let them down and d*** you, don't let me down! -Patton

13 African Americans in the Military Tuskegee Airmen: Trained at Tuskegee University & Howard University -1 st had to train as civilians -445 Tuskegee airmen in WWII -150 killed in WWII -Highly Decorated

14 After the War Troops become Desegregated by the end of WWII Return to discrimination and segregation in the south Jackie Robinson: 1 st African American to play for the Major Leagues in Baseball April 15, 1947 *He was in the 761 st !

15 Mexican Americans Bracero Programs: US recruits Mexican farmers -told to return after WWII Zoot Suit Riots: white sailors started a fight with Mexican Americans & it led to riots in Los Angeles that spread across the country Also targeted African Americans, other Latinos, & Filipinos Nicknamed for suits Mexicans wore

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