Presentation on theme: "We Helped Win The War Too!"— Presentation transcript:
1We Helped Win The War Too! A Look at Minority Groups in WWII
2Women At the HomefrontBy million women working (up 57% from 1940)Men $54.65/weekWomen $31.21/week
3Rosie the Riveter Nickname for women working in Factories Jobs: welders, riveters, making munitions, machinists, etc
4Women in the MilitaryLaw by May 1942 (at 1st Congress against it-it took a year to pass)Jobs: Secretaries, radio operators, truck drivers, and airplane mechanicsNO COMBAT!
5Women in The Military WACS: Army WAVES: Navy (fashion designer helped design uniforms to keep feminine)SPARS: Coast Guard
6Women in the Military WASPS: Women’s Air Force Service Pilots Ferried training aircraft and supplies38 died during WWII
7WASPS AFTER WAR Returned home with no military benefits or recognition July 1, 2009 Obama awarded them the Congressional Gold MedalCeremony March 10, 2010
8Civilian Women Overseas Red Cross: nurses, nurses aidesSalvation Army: Donut Dollies, Entertainment
9African Americans on The Homefront Women migrate north to work in factoriesDouble V Campaign: victory over fascism in Europe & victory over racism at home
10African Americans in the Military Start of WWII Segregated, No Combat depending on branch2.5 million African Americans registered for the draft-For better pay & to fight racism
11African Americans in the Military Army: Two all black units92nd Division761st Tank Division (Black Panthers)-Fought in combat-Battle of the Bulge-Medal of Honor winner
12761st Tank Unit“Men, you're the first Negro tankers to ever fight in the American Army. I would never have asked for you if you weren't good. I have nothing but the best in my Army. I don't care what color you are as long as you go up there and kill those Kraut sons of b*****. Everyone has their eyes on you and is expecting great things from you. Most of all your race is looking forward to your success. Don't let them down and d*** you, don't let me down!” -Patton
13African Americans in the Military Tuskegee Airmen:Trained at Tuskegee University & Howard University-1st had to train as civilians-445 Tuskegee airmen in WWII-150 killed in WWII-Highly Decorated
14After the War Troops become Desegregated by the end of WWII Return to discrimination and segregation in the southJackie Robinson: 1st African American to play for the Major Leagues in Baseball April 15, 1947*He was in the 761st!
15Mexican Americans Bracero Programs: US recruits Mexican farmers -told to return after WWIIZoot Suit Riots: white sailors started a fight with Mexican Americans & it led to riots in Los Angeles that spread across the countryAlso targeted African Americans, other Latinos, & FilipinosNicknamed for suits Mexicans wore