Presentation on theme: "We the People - Lesson Seven"— Presentation transcript:
1We the People - Lesson Seven What basic ideas about government were in the Declaration of Independence?We the People - Lesson Seven
2Writing the Declaration of Independence Committee organized to write the Declaration of IndependenceThomas JeffersonBenjamin FranklinJohn AdamsRoger ShermanRobert R. LivingstonCommittee deferred writing to Thomas JeffersonSpent many nights writing and revising. . .July 4, Declaration of Independence signed by members of Congress
3Contents of the Declaration Important in development of our constitutional governmentExcellent example of arguments of natural rights philosophyWritten to justify the American Revolution against BritishIdeals: one of the best statements of the ideals of our nationAll men are created equal and have certain basic rightslife, liberty, and the pursuit of happinessArguments: gives reasons why the colonists thought they were justified in breaking away from Great BritainComplaints: list complaints of the colonists against the kingConclusion: “. . .That the United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be, Free and Independent States; . . .”
5Arguments of the Declaration Natural law is a higher law than laws made by peopleFounders believed rights given by GodOnly rightful purpose of government is to protect people’s natural rightsIf government violates the natural law, the people have the right to change or abolish the government and form a new oneAn agreement existed between the colonists and the king - they consented to be governed by the king as long as he protected their natural rightsNo agreement had been made between colonists and Parliament, so Parliament had no right to govern colonies - especially since they didn’t have the right to send representatives to ParliamentKing violated agreement with colonists when he worked with Parliament to deprive colonists of their rights, therefore, colonists had the right to withdraw their consent and form their own governmentMany complaints against king . . .
6Small Group ActivityExamine the Declaration of Independence and select three complaints against the king.Rewrite the complaint in your own wordsExplain the basis of the colonists’ complaint
7Seatwork Center Questions What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?What is the purpose of government as described in the Declaration of Independence? How is this purpose similar to or different from the purpose of government described by the natural rights philosophers?What does the Declaration say people have a right to do if a government is destructive of their rights? Is this true today? Why or why not?What do you think was meant by the phrase “all men are created equal”? In 1776, who was included? Who was not?