Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer Describe a situation in which there was no authority present/no rules in place; How did you feel? Did people want to make rules? What rules."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer Describe a situation in which there was no authority present/no rules in place; How did you feel? Did people want to make rules? What rules were made?
Why Do We Need Government? Mr. Szymanski
Objectives Students will: Explain natural rights philosophy terms -Natural rights, State of nature, Consent, Social contract Explain what the Founders believed the natural rights of human beings were Explain why people need a government Explain how people create government Explain how government and laws protect natural rights
FRAYER MODEL Definition (in own words) Draw a picture Examples (from life) Non-examples (from life)
Terms to Understand Consent- to agree and accept something, approve of something or allow to take place Natural rights- a doctrine that human beings have basic rights, such as life, liberty, property, and that people create government to protect those rights Purpose of government- to protect natural rights Social contract- An agreement among people to set up a government and obey its laws. State of nature- the condition of people living without man-made laws.
How did the ideas of John Locke influence the Founders? People living in the state of nature form governments in order to protect their natural rights. The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of their property.
TPS p.15 What Might Life Be Like in a State of Nature? 1.What might be some + & - of living in the state of nature? 2.What rights, if any, might you have in a state of nature? 3.What might people who are stronger or smarter than others try to do? Why? 4.What might people who are weaker or less skilled than others try to do? Why? 5.What might life be like for everyone living in a state of nature? 6.Would anyone have the right to govern you? Would you have a right to govern anyone else? 7.What are some things the people could do to protect their lives, liberty, property?
What were Lockes Ideas about Natural Rights? Life: Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself. Liberty: Freedom to do what one wants with oneself (and property) Property: All wealth is the product of labor.
What did John Locke say might happen in a state of nature? 1.Most people are good. All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions. 2. In SoN, natural rights are protected w/ strength. Weaker agree to form govt. 3. Governments do not exist until people create them. 4. The right to govern anyone comes from them consenting to be governed.
State of Nature Government How does this picture show why people leave the state of nature?
Why do people agree to form a social contract? ConditionState of NatureSocial Contract What Rights?Unlimited Rights Life, Liberty, Property Who Protects?IndividualsProtected by government Why Give up Rights? Fear of Violent Death Consent
What Rights Do You Think People Should Have? 1.List 5 rights that you think all people in our nation should have. Why do you think that it is important that all people should have these rights? 2.Which of the rights on your list seem most important? Explain why you ranked the rights on your list in this order. 3.What might you do in order to ensure that these rights are protected?
Assessment What natural rights are being violated? Does the artist agree with Lockes view of the humans in the state of nature? Why or why not?
Exit Card On an index card, please write your name and answer: 1.Where does the government get the right to govern, according to natural rights philosophy? 2.What is the main purpose of government, according to Locke? 3. A question I have is: