2State of NatureJohn Locke imagined what life would be like in a state of nature. This means:No GovernmentsNo LawsNo Police
3Discussion QuestionsWhat might be some advantages and disadvantages to living in a state of nature?What rights, if any, might you expect to have in a state of nature?What might people who are smarter or stronger than others try to do? Why?What might life be like for everyone living in a state of nature?What are some things people could do to protect their lives, liberty, and property?
4Natural RightsLocke believed that in nature people seek to protect their life, liberty, and property.Life – people want to live, survive, and be free of threats.Liberty – people want to be able to make their own decisions and live as they please.Property – people want to own things necessary to survive, such as food, clothing, houses, and land.
5Locke’s BeliefsMost people are good, but some are not. Sometimes the strong abuse the weak.In a state of nature no one’s life, liberty, or property would be safe.In a state of nature, people protect their rights by using strength and skill. Weaker people would have trouble protecting their rights and might join together.Consent – governments are given the right to govern by the consent of the people.
6Social ContractAccording to Locke, the main purpose of government is to protect the natural rights of individuals.People agree to give up absolute rights to a government to gain protection and maintain order.Our Constitution is a Social ContractQuestion for discussion:How do you think the social contract is enforced?Do all other countries respect our natural rights?How are our natural rights as a nation protected?