2 State of NatureJohn Locke imagined what life would be like in a state of nature. This means:No GovernmentsNo LawsNo Police
3 Discussion QuestionsWhat might be some advantages and disadvantages to living in a state of nature?What rights, if any, might you expect to have in a state of nature?What might people who are smarter or stronger than others try to do? Why?What might life be like for everyone living in a state of nature?What are some things people could do to protect their lives, liberty, and property?
4 Natural RightsLocke believed that in nature people seek to protect their life, liberty, and property.Life – people want to live, survive, and be free of threats.Liberty – people want to be able to make their own decisions and live as they please.Property – people want to own things necessary to survive, such as food, clothing, houses, and land.
5 Locke’s BeliefsMost people are good, but some are not. Sometimes the strong abuse the weak.In a state of nature no one’s life, liberty, or property would be safe.In a state of nature, people protect their rights by using strength and skill. Weaker people would have trouble protecting their rights and might join together.Consent – governments are given the right to govern by the consent of the people.
6 Social ContractAccording to Locke, the main purpose of government is to protect the natural rights of individuals.People agree to give up absolute rights to a government to gain protection and maintain order.Our Constitution is a Social ContractQuestion for discussion:How do you think the social contract is enforced?Do all other countries respect our natural rights?How are our natural rights as a nation protected?