Reduced Energy $$$$ How much energy reduction in a school district is needed to save a teachers job? In the Town of Newfane in Western New York, a new elementary school was constructed using geothermal heating and cooling, saving the school district $65,000 per year in energy costs.
How many jobs do we create to create the energy savings that save a teachers job?
Direct Jobs Created Construction Manufacturing Management Sales Installation
Direct Jobs Created Maintenance Power Distribution Support Staff
Green Home Jobs Plumbers Carpenters Electricians Financial Institutions Home Services
INDIRECT JOBS Retail Grocery Store Personal Services Restaurants Accountants Doctors Dentists
IMPROVED ECONOMY ENERGY SAVINGS MORE SPENDING MORE JOBS
INCREASED TAX REVENUES MORE SPENDING MORE TAX REVENUE INCREASED PUBLIC SERVICES INCREASED PROPERTY VALUES
Wastewater Improvements Incorporate green design elements to improve existing plants –Gasification of sludge on site –Geothermal/solar electricity and heating
PLANNING TOOLS The Tommy Tedesco Portion of the Presentation* * The same principles apply to affordable housing, transportation oriented development, open space preservation
Transportation Oriented Development Smart Growth Principles of Smart Growth –Provide a Variety of Transportation Choices –Mix Land Uses –Create a Range of Housing Opportunities and Choices –Create Walkable Neighborhoods –Encourage Community and Stakeholder Collaboration –Foster Distinctive, Attractive Communities with a Strong Sense of Place –Make Development Decisions Predictable, Fair and Cost Effective –Preserve Open Space, Farmland, Natural Beauty and Critical Environmental Areas –Strengthen and Direct Development Towards Existing Communities –Take Advantage of Compact Building Design and Efficient Infrastructure Design
Growth Calculations * taken from Sierraclub.org Households per acre103.5 (2 acre zoning) Land Used - acres per 1000 households1003332000 Roads & Sidewalks - Sq. Yds/1000 households 70,000233,3331,400,000 Service & Retail Employees per acre51.60.4 Transit Service (avg. busses/hour)1900 Vehicles per household1.642.212.54 Parking spaces per household184.108.40.206 Average vehicle miles traveled/household/year 16,396.123,552.4 Gas (avg. gallons per household)82011781,412 Auto Costs - fuel3361$4,828$2,824 Auto Costs – total$12,938$17,283$19,909 Greenhouse Gases/household/year (tons)11.516.519.8
ZONING Comprehensive Planning – Prepare a comprehensive plan that designates transportation hubs and sets development guidelines encouraging development in such areas. Authority: Town Law Section 272-a; Village Law Section 7-722(3)(h); General Cities Law Section 28- a(4)(h) Adopt appropriate zoning to encourage growth around transportation hubs while setting appropriate standards, guidelines and conditions for such development. Authority: Town Law Section 261; Village Law Section 7-700; General Cities Law Section 20 Incentives for Green Development –Density increases –Transfer of Development Rights –Fee-bates/reduced review fees for use of green technology
INTER-MUNICIPAL PLANNING TOOLS Provide for inter-municipal cooperation to accomplish all of the above tasks in concert with adjoining municipalities along areas that cross municipal boundaries. Authority: Town Law Section 284; Village Law Section 7-741 Promote annexations of land from Towns to Villages and/or Cities to facilitate provisions of necessary services. Authority: General Municipal Law Section 700 et. Seq. Create appropriate taxing districts within towns to facilitate construction of improvements and infrastructure to accommodate development –Water storage and distribution districts, Town Law Section 109-a –Sewage Disposal Districts – Town Law Section 190-b –Finance road improvements, including provisions of sidewalks, Town Law 200
PROACTIVE USE OF SEQRA Proposed SEQR mandates to address greenhouse gas emissions Pre-approve or set development environmental thresholds for development by utilizing SEQR to prepare generic EIS. Authority: Environmental Conservation Law and Regulations, 6 NYCRR 617.10. –Note: Cost for preparing such generic environmental assessment impact statement can be charged back to specific applicants pursuant to 6 NYCRR 617.13(a) Mitigation –Require green technologies
BUILDING CODES Requiring energy efficiency in new homes/rehabs –LEED –Energy Star Review standards for green technologies