Presentation on theme: "How Do We Plan for, Compete and Prosper in a Green Economy Economic and Environmental Benefits of Green Development."— Presentation transcript:
How Do We Plan for, Compete and Prosper in a Green Economy Economic and Environmental Benefits of Green Development
Presented By: John C. Cappello
Green Technology Available to the Hudson Valley
Solar Wind Geothermal Biomass/Gasification Retro-fitting –Weatherization –Energy Star Recycling Facility upgrades Alternative Vehicles Transportation Oriented Development. Types of Green Technology
Economic Benefits of Green Technology $$$$$$$
Reduced Energy $$$$ How much energy reduction in a school district is needed to save a teachers job? In the Town of Newfane in Western New York, a new elementary school was constructed using geothermal heating and cooling, saving the school district $65,000 per year in energy costs.
How many jobs do we create to create the energy savings that save a teachers job?
Direct Jobs Created Construction Manufacturing Management Sales Installation
Direct Jobs Created Maintenance Power Distribution Support Staff
Green Home Jobs Plumbers Carpenters Electricians Financial Institutions Home Services
INDIRECT JOBS Retail Grocery Store Personal Services Restaurants Accountants Doctors Dentists
IMPROVED ECONOMY ENERGY SAVINGS MORE SPENDING MORE JOBS
INCREASED TAX REVENUES MORE SPENDING MORE TAX REVENUE INCREASED PUBLIC SERVICES INCREASED PROPERTY VALUES
THEY ALL NEED ATTORNEYS
And you just might save the earth!
How do we effectively attract these technologies and the jobs they bring to the Hudson Valley?
PLAN PROACTIVELY, NOT REACTIVELY
WHAT DO WE NEED?
SOLAR (INDIVIDUAL HOMES/BUSINESSES) Solar access Permissive Zoning Codes –Siting –Solar access protection Building Codes –Insure Proper Installation Promote financing opportunities –NYSERDA assistance –Buy back provisions
SOLAR FARMS Comprehensive Planning Land –7-8 acres per each megawatt End users/distribution system Zoning –Essential service –Utility –Special Use Financing
Think Outside the Box! How about Solar farms on Roofs in an Industrial Corridor?
SOLAR PANEL MANUFACTURERS Comprehensive Planning Zoning –Does it constitute a nuisance? Modify definition Infrastructure –Sewer –Water –Road, railroad distribution
GEOTHERMAL Understand Technology –Educate code enforcement officer Permitting –DEC Groundwater protection Provision for local manufacturing
BIOMASS/RECYCLING Zoning –Nuisance uses? –Where can they be accomodated? –What are appropriate conditions? Public Education Gasification –Ethanol/methane recapture
Anaerobic Digester Produces heat and electricity that is then used to operate the wastewater treatment plant. Photo courtesy of H. LaFever, Sterns and Wheler
WIND INDIVIDUAL TURBINES Comprehensive Plan –Where are the wind corridors? Zoning –Height issues –Noise –Visual impact –Environmental –Safety
Commercial Wind Farms Comprehensive Plan Zoning –Similar to individual wind turbines Large land area Proximity to transmission lines/distribution
Wastewater Improvements Incorporate green design elements to improve existing plants –Gasification of sludge on site –Geothermal/solar electricity and heating
PLANNING TOOLS The Tommy Tedesco Portion of the Presentation* * The same principles apply to affordable housing, transportation oriented development, open space preservation
Transportation Oriented Development Smart Growth Principles of Smart Growth –Provide a Variety of Transportation Choices –Mix Land Uses –Create a Range of Housing Opportunities and Choices –Create Walkable Neighborhoods –Encourage Community and Stakeholder Collaboration –Foster Distinctive, Attractive Communities with a Strong Sense of Place –Make Development Decisions Predictable, Fair and Cost Effective –Preserve Open Space, Farmland, Natural Beauty and Critical Environmental Areas –Strengthen and Direct Development Towards Existing Communities –Take Advantage of Compact Building Design and Efficient Infrastructure Design
Growth Calculations * taken from Sierraclub.org Households per acre103.5 (2 acre zoning) Land Used - acres per 1000 households Roads & Sidewalks - Sq. Yds/1000 households 70,000233,3331,400,000 Service & Retail Employees per acre Transit Service (avg. busses/hour)1900 Vehicles per household Parking spaces per household Average vehicle miles traveled/household/year 16, ,552.4 Gas (avg. gallons per household) ,412 Auto Costs - fuel3361$4,828$2,824 Auto Costs – total$12,938$17,283$19,909 Greenhouse Gases/household/year (tons)
ZONING Comprehensive Planning – Prepare a comprehensive plan that designates transportation hubs and sets development guidelines encouraging development in such areas. Authority: Town Law Section 272-a; Village Law Section 7-722(3)(h); General Cities Law Section 28- a(4)(h) Adopt appropriate zoning to encourage growth around transportation hubs while setting appropriate standards, guidelines and conditions for such development. Authority: Town Law Section 261; Village Law Section 7-700; General Cities Law Section 20 Incentives for Green Development –Density increases –Transfer of Development Rights –Fee-bates/reduced review fees for use of green technology
INTER-MUNICIPAL PLANNING TOOLS Provide for inter-municipal cooperation to accomplish all of the above tasks in concert with adjoining municipalities along areas that cross municipal boundaries. Authority: Town Law Section 284; Village Law Section Promote annexations of land from Towns to Villages and/or Cities to facilitate provisions of necessary services. Authority: General Municipal Law Section 700 et. Seq. Create appropriate taxing districts within towns to facilitate construction of improvements and infrastructure to accommodate development –Water storage and distribution districts, Town Law Section 109-a –Sewage Disposal Districts – Town Law Section 190-b –Finance road improvements, including provisions of sidewalks, Town Law 200
PROACTIVE USE OF SEQRA Proposed SEQR mandates to address greenhouse gas emissions Pre-approve or set development environmental thresholds for development by utilizing SEQR to prepare generic EIS. Authority: Environmental Conservation Law and Regulations, 6 NYCRR –Note: Cost for preparing such generic environmental assessment impact statement can be charged back to specific applicants pursuant to 6 NYCRR (a) Mitigation –Require green technologies
BUILDING CODES Requiring energy efficiency in new homes/rehabs –LEED –Energy Star Review standards for green technologies