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We Just Bought SMS Presented to: LAWYER PILOTS BAR ASSOCIATION Winter Meeting, 2011 by: MICHAEL L. DWORKIN MICHAEL L. DWORKIN and ASSOCIATES 465 CALIFORNIA.

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Presentation on theme: "We Just Bought SMS Presented to: LAWYER PILOTS BAR ASSOCIATION Winter Meeting, 2011 by: MICHAEL L. DWORKIN MICHAEL L. DWORKIN and ASSOCIATES 465 CALIFORNIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 We Just Bought SMS Presented to: LAWYER PILOTS BAR ASSOCIATION Winter Meeting, 2011 by: MICHAEL L. DWORKIN MICHAEL L. DWORKIN and ASSOCIATES 465 CALIFORNIA STREET, SUITE 210 SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA Telephone: FAX: Copyright Michael L. Dworkin. All rights reserved --Now, What Do We Do?

2 Traditional Aviation Mishap Inquiry what happened? what happened? has it happened before? has it happened before? how did it happen? how did it happen? who was/is responsible? who was/is responsible? was everybody appropriately trained? was everybody appropriately trained? were people following prescribed instructions, procedures and manuals? were people following prescribed instructions, procedures and manuals? were these instruction, procedures and manuals adequate? were these instruction, procedures and manuals adequate? were independent contractors involved? If so, were they complying with their contracts and the instructions provided to them? were independent contractors involved? If so, were they complying with their contracts and the instructions provided to them? were quality control procedures adequate? were quality control procedures adequate? how do we avoid recurrence? how do we avoid recurrence?

3 SMSThe Basics Four Simple (or not so Simple) Questions: What is going to cause the nextWhat is going to cause the next accident? accident? How do we know? How do we know? What are we doing about it? What are we doing about it? Is it working? Is it working?

4 What SMS does : Instead of waiting for a mishap (or regulatory violation) to occur, SMS proactively addresses beforehand: -what risks are we facing? -are people appropriately trained and qualified? -are instructions, procedures and manuals adequate? -is there sufficient oversight of independent contractors? -are quality control procedures adequate? -what remedial measures must we take? -what measures must we take to minimize foreseeable risks? -how do we continuously monitor and assess the appropriateness and effectiveness of our safety management activities? -how do we continuously monitor and assess the appropriateness and effectiveness of our safety management activities? And essentially makes every employee a QA Manager

5 Managing Compliance vs. Managing Risk Rules and regulations follow accidents they dont precede them Rules and regulations follow accidents they dont precede them Managing Risk requires: Managing Risk requires: Acknowledgement and assessment of riskAcknowledgement and assessment of risk Allocation of resources and attentionAllocation of resources and attention Just Culture:Just Culture: Safety reporting is rewarded and not punished; and Safety reporting is rewarded and not punished; and Willingness to go beyond minimum compliance Willingness to go beyond minimum compliance

6 Regulatory Basis for SMS ICAO: In 2006, ICAO required that all member countries implement SMS for operators and maintenance organizations. November 18, 2010 deadline has come and gone. ICAO: In 2006, ICAO required that all member countries implement SMS for operators and maintenance organizations. November 18, 2010 deadline has come and gone. FAA: No current regulatory mandate for air carriers or other operators. FAA NPRM (November 5, 2010) to require FAR 121 air carriers to implement SMS within 3 years. FAA: No current regulatory mandate for air carriers or other operators. FAA NPRM (November 5, 2010) to require FAR 121 air carriers to implement SMS within 3 years. Outside of US: Business aviation operators who travel outside of the US are subject to another country s safety requirements. Bermuda and several Caribbean countries require that business operators have SMS or demonstrate that one is being implemented for entry. Outside of US: Business aviation operators who travel outside of the US are subject to another country s safety requirements. Bermuda and several Caribbean countries require that business operators have SMS or demonstrate that one is being implemented for entry.

7 Examination of Each Aspect of Operations Examination of Each Aspect of Operations -Flight operations; -Maintenance and inspection; -Dispatch/flight following; -Cabin safety; -Ground handling and servicing; -Cargo (and hazmat) handling; and -Training and thoroughly evaluate potential risks associated with each, retrospectively and prospectively. See: FAA Advisory Circular (AC) A

8 To achieve this: Corporate culture must be consistent with SMS goals; Corporate culture must be consistent with SMS goals; Lines of internal communication must be open; Lines of internal communication must be open; Employees must be encouraged to report safety concerns; Employees must be encouraged to report safety concerns; Management must provide environment conducive to data sharing; Management must provide environment conducive to data sharing; Employees must feel that they can trust management to be responsive to reported concerns, free of retaliation; Employees must feel that they can trust management to be responsive to reported concerns, free of retaliation; Company support of employees in defense of FAA investigations/enforcement actions. Company support of employees in defense of FAA investigations/enforcement actions.

9 Dont Purchase SMS and Put it on a Shelf. SMS must be used in connection with other programs: FAA Programs: Voluntary Self Disclosure Reporting Program (AC ); Voluntary Self Disclosure Reporting Program (AC ); Internal Evaluation Programs (AC120-59A); Internal Evaluation Programs (AC120-59A); Aviation Safety Action Plan (AC120-66); Aviation Safety Action Plan (AC120-66); Flight Operations Quality Assurance (AC120-82); Flight Operations Quality Assurance (AC120-82); Continuing Analysis and Surveillance System (AC120-79); Continuing Analysis and Surveillance System (AC120-79); FAA/NASA Aviation Safety Reporting Program (AC00-46D). FAA/NASA Aviation Safety Reporting Program (AC00-46D). Other Programs: IS-BAO (International Standard for Business Aircraft Operations); IS-BAO (International Standard for Business Aircraft Operations); Air Charter Safety Foundation (ACSF) Registration; Air Charter Safety Foundation (ACSF) Registration; Argus rating; Argus rating; Wyvern registration. Wyvern registration.

10 Not Just for Air Carriers Business and Corporate Aircraft Operators; Business and Corporate Aircraft Operators; Repair Stations; Repair Stations; Airports (airfield and ramp areas); Airports (airfield and ramp areas); FAA Air Traffic Organization. FAA Air Traffic Organization.

11 Caveats : Working relationship between certificate holder/operator and FAA FSDO; Working relationship between certificate holder/operator and FAA FSDO; FAA disclosure of voluntarily provided information; FAA disclosure of voluntarily provided information; Courts: American Crash at Cali, Colombia; Comair Crash at Lexington, KY; Courts: American Crash at Cali, Colombia; Comair Crash at Lexington, KY; Canada: First to impose SMS legal requirement, but no protection of data; Canada: First to impose SMS legal requirement, but no protection of data; In fact, the US is the only country which affords protection of data; In fact, the US is the only country which affords protection of data; Attorney-client privilege; Attorney-client privilege; Can data and/or response to data become a liability? Can data and/or response to data become a liability? Criminal Proceedings Criminal Proceedings 49 U.S.C , et seq.49 U.S.C , et seq. 18 U.S.C U.S.C. 1001


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