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WHAT SHOULD WE DO ABOUT SWEATSHOPS? THREE APPROACHES FOR DEALING WITH MORAL PROBLEMS AND HOW THEY APPLY TO THE ETHICAL DILEMMAS IN SWEATSHOPS.

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Presentation on theme: "WHAT SHOULD WE DO ABOUT SWEATSHOPS? THREE APPROACHES FOR DEALING WITH MORAL PROBLEMS AND HOW THEY APPLY TO THE ETHICAL DILEMMAS IN SWEATSHOPS."— Presentation transcript:

1 WHAT SHOULD WE DO ABOUT SWEATSHOPS? THREE APPROACHES FOR DEALING WITH MORAL PROBLEMS AND HOW THEY APPLY TO THE ETHICAL DILEMMAS IN SWEATSHOPS.

2 WHY IS JENNIFER LOVE HEWITT SELLING HANES SWEATSHOP UNDERWEAR?

3 LESSON APPROACH INTRODUCE THREE MAIN WAYS OF ANALYZING MORAL PROBLEMS AS THEY APPLY TO SWEATSHOPS. INTRODUCE THREE MAIN WAYS OF ANALYZING MORAL PROBLEMS AS THEY APPLY TO SWEATSHOPS. WHAT ARE THE ELEMENTS THAT MAKE UP SWEATSHOPS? WHAT ARE THE ELEMENTS THAT MAKE UP SWEATSHOPS? READ AN ESSAY ON ECONOMICS AND ETHICS THAT DEFINES SWEATSHOPS AND WHY THEY EXIST. READ AN ESSAY ON ECONOMICS AND ETHICS THAT DEFINES SWEATSHOPS AND WHY THEY EXIST. ANSWER QUESTIONS ABOUT THE STRUCTURE OF LABOR MARKETS. ANSWER QUESTIONS ABOUT THE STRUCTURE OF LABOR MARKETS. CONSIDER TWO OPPOSING VIEWS ABOUT SWEATSHOPS AND DISCUSS THE ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS FOR WORKERS IN DEVELOPING NATIONS AND CONSUMERS IN WEALTHY NATIONS. CONSIDER TWO OPPOSING VIEWS ABOUT SWEATSHOPS AND DISCUSS THE ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS FOR WORKERS IN DEVELOPING NATIONS AND CONSUMERS IN WEALTHY NATIONS. DISCUSS AND EVALUATE THREE POLICY OPTIONS FOR DEALING WITH SWEATSHOPS. DISCUSS AND EVALUATE THREE POLICY OPTIONS FOR DEALING WITH SWEATSHOPS.

4 FEATURES OF SWEATSHOPS LOW WAGES LOW WAGES LONG WORKING HOURS LONG WORKING HOURS HEALTH AND/OR SAFETY HAZARDS HEALTH AND/OR SAFETY HAZARDS ARBITRARY DISCIPLINE ARBITRARY DISCIPLINE NO JOB SECURITY NO JOB SECURITY PHYSICAL ABUSE, THREATS, AND INTIMIDATION PHYSICAL ABUSE, THREATS, AND INTIMIDATION WORKERS HAVE NO VOICE WORKERS HAVE NO VOICE CHILD LABOR CHILD LABOR

5 CONTRIBUTING FACTORS DENSE POPULATIONS DENSE POPULATIONS LIMITED EDUCATION HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT LIMITED EDUCATION HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT FEW JOB ALTERNATIVES FEW JOB ALTERNATIVES EXTREME POVERTY EXTREME POVERTY WORKERS WITH LOW PRODUCTIVITY WORKERS WITH LOW PRODUCTIVITY NO SOCIAL SAFETY NET NO SOCIAL SAFETY NET CORRUPT, WEAK OR UNDEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT CORRUPT, WEAK OR UNDEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT SECRECY AND LACK OF WORKSPACE TRANSPARENCY, OFTEN IN PLACES WITHOUT A FREE PRESS SECRECY AND LACK OF WORKSPACE TRANSPARENCY, OFTEN IN PLACES WITHOUT A FREE PRESS NO SYSTEM OF JUSTICE TO PROTECT BASIC RIGHTS NO SYSTEM OF JUSTICE TO PROTECT BASIC RIGHTS CONSUMER IGNORANCE ABOUT OR NEGLECT OF THE PLIGHT OF SWEATSHOP WORKERS CONSUMER IGNORANCE ABOUT OR NEGLECT OF THE PLIGHT OF SWEATSHOP WORKERS

6 CHARACTERISTICS OF LESS- COMPETITIVE LABOR MARKET ONE BUYER OF LABOR OR COLLUSION OF SEVERAL BUYERS ACTING AS ONE ONE BUYER OF LABOR OR COLLUSION OF SEVERAL BUYERS ACTING AS ONE MANY SELLERS OF LABOR MANY SELLERS OF LABOR ENTRY OF COMPETING FIRMS BLOCKED ENTRY OF COMPETING FIRMS BLOCKED HIGH COSTS FOR WORKERS TO SEARCH FOR JOBS HIGH COSTS FOR WORKERS TO SEARCH FOR JOBS COERCIVE EXCHANGE BECAUSE OTHER JOB OPTIONS FOR WORKERS ARE ARTIFICIALLY BLOCKED COERCIVE EXCHANGE BECAUSE OTHER JOB OPTIONS FOR WORKERS ARE ARTIFICIALLY BLOCKED ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION OR BARGAINING POWER ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION OR BARGAINING POWER

7 CHARACTERISTICS OF A COMPETITIVE LABOR MARKET MANY BUYERS OF LABOR MANY BUYERS OF LABOR MANY SELLERS OF LABOR MANY SELLERS OF LABOR FREE ENTRY OR EXIT FREE ENTRY OR EXIT VOLUNTARY EXCHANGE VOLUNTARY EXCHANGE GOOD INFORMATION FOR BOTH BUYERS AND SELLERS GOOD INFORMATION FOR BOTH BUYERS AND SELLERS

8 CONSIDER THESE QUESTIONS WHAT IS EXPLOITATION? WHAT CHARACTERISTICS MAKE A RELATIONSHIP IN THE MARKET EXPLOITATIVE? WHAT IS EXPLOITATION? WHAT CHARACTERISTICS MAKE A RELATIONSHIP IN THE MARKET EXPLOITATIVE? ARE LOW WAGES IN FACTORIES PROOF THAT FIRMS ARE EXPLOITING WORKERS? WHY? ARE LOW WAGES IN FACTORIES PROOF THAT FIRMS ARE EXPLOITING WORKERS? WHY? WHAT KEY INSTITUTIONS MAY BE MISSING IN COUNTRIES WITH LESS COMPETITIVE MARKETS? WHAT KEY INSTITUTIONS MAY BE MISSING IN COUNTRIES WITH LESS COMPETITIVE MARKETS? HOW DO LABOR MARKETS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BECOME MORE COMPETITIVE? HOW DO LABOR MARKETS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BECOME MORE COMPETITIVE?

9 APPROACHES TO ETHICAL ISSUES OUTCOMES MATTER (OUTCOMES BASED ETHICS) OUTCOMES MATTER (OUTCOMES BASED ETHICS) DUTY MATTERS (DUTY BASED ETHICS) DUTY MATTERS (DUTY BASED ETHICS) CHARACTER MATTERS (VIRTUE BASED ETHICS) CHARACTER MATTERS (VIRTUE BASED ETHICS) EXAMINE THE OUTCOMES IN PEOPLES LIVES ASK WHETHER THE BASIC DIGNITY OF ALL HUMAN BEINGS IS UPHELD DECIDE WHETHER SWEATSHOPS CONTRIBUTE TO THE FORMATION OF GOOD CHARACTER AND VIRTUES FOR WORKERS, MANAGERS, AND CONSUMERS

10 Which of the following features of sweatshops is most troubling from the perspective of virtue-based ethics? A. Workers receive very low wages. B. Workers do not have leisure or freedom to develop their characters. C. Sweatshops exploit the desperate situation of their workers. D. Workers are not treated with respect.

11 A duty based approach to ethics settles moral decisions by A. weighing the consequences of an act. B. considering the greatest net pleasure that results from a particular decision. C. appealing to universal rules. D. considering the decision makers character and intentions.

12 An outcomes-based approach to ethics judges actions by A. weighing the consequences for society. B. considering what maximizes ones own happiness. C. appealing to basic human rights. D. considering the decision makers character and intentions.

13 PLEASE WATCH THE VIDEO SEGMENTS AND THEN ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE THREE NORMATIVE APPROACHES SWEATSHOPS MAKE IT POSSIBLE FOR WEALTHY CONSUMERS IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES TO BUY CHEAP PRODUCTS. DOES THIS BENEFICIAL OUTCOME MAKE SWEATSHOPS MORALLY JUSTIFIABLE? WHY? INCLUDE IN YOUR ANSWER THE MORAL PERSPECTIVE FROM WHICH YOU ARE ARGUING.

14 FAIR LABOR ASSOCIATION WORKPLACE CODE OF CONDUCT PROHIBITS FORCED, PRISON, OR CHILD LABOR PROHIBITS FORCED, PRISON, OR CHILD LABOR PROHIBITS ANY FORM OF HARASSMENT OR ABUSE PROHIBITS ANY FORM OF HARASSMENT OR ABUSE PROHIBITS ANY FORM OF DISCRIMINATION PROHIBITS ANY FORM OF DISCRIMINATION PROHIBITS UNSAFE AND UNHEALTHY WORKING CONDITIONS PROHIBITS UNSAFE AND UNHEALTHY WORKING CONDITIONS

15 FLA REQUIRES PARTICIPANTS TO: RESPECT THE RIGHT TO COLLECTIVE BARGAINING PAY AT LEAST THE LEGAL MINIMUM WAGE PROVIDE LEGALLY REQUIRED BENEFITS MAINTAIN REASONABLE HOURS OF WORK AND TIME-OFF PAY EMPLOYEES FOR WORKING OVERTIME

16 SO, WHAT SHOULD WE DO? OPTION 1: INTERNATIONAL TREATY IF A TREATY SIMILAR TO THE GENEVA CONVENTION ESTABLISHED MINIMUM WORKING CONDITIONS IN LABOR MARKETS, WHAT BASIC RIGHTS SHOULD THE TREATY PROVIDE EVERY WORKER? IF A TREATY SIMILAR TO THE GENEVA CONVENTION ESTABLISHED MINIMUM WORKING CONDITIONS IN LABOR MARKETS, WHAT BASIC RIGHTS SHOULD THE TREATY PROVIDE EVERY WORKER? OPTION 2: MARKETS AND MONITORING WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF USING THE MARKET-MONITORING APPROACH TO REFORM SWEATSHOPS? WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF USING THE MARKET-MONITORING APPROACH TO REFORM SWEATSHOPS? OPTION 3: TAKE NO ACTION WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES? WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES?


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