Presentation on theme: "World War II: The Rise of Dictators World History B – Seminar #7 Warm Up: 1.Totalitarian state 2. Dictator 3. Appeasement."— Presentation transcript:
World War II: The Rise of Dictators World History B – Seminar #7 Warm Up: 1.Totalitarian state 2. Dictator 3. Appeasement
Totalitarian State: Government in which a one party dictatorship regulates every aspect of citizens lives. Dictator: Ruler who has complete control over a government Appeasement: Policy of giving in to an aggressors demands in order to keep the peace.
After WWI In the two decades following World War I, a wave of economic and political crises swept the globe. While many people spent the 1920s trying to cope with the uncertainties of the postwar world, by 1929 they suddenly faced a much greater problem. That year, the stock market in the United States crashed. Because so many war-torn nations had come to depend on financial help from America, the stock markets collapse triggered a worldwide economic depression that left millions around the globe jobless and hungry. In response to the turmoil, some nations turned to fascist dictators, who promised order and stability. Not content to merely rule a country, however, these dictators soon looked to conquer other lands.
Millions become unemployed worldwide.Millions become unemployed worldwide. Businesses go bankrupt.Businesses go bankrupt. Governments take emergency measures to protect economies.Governments take emergency measures to protect economies. Citizens lose faith in capitalism and democracy.Citizens lose faith in capitalism and democracy. Nations turn toward authoritarian leaders.Nations turn toward authoritarian leaders. Immediate Effects Nazis take control in Germany.Nazis take control in Germany. Fascists come to power in other countries.Fascists come to power in other countries. Democracies try social welfare programs.Democracies try social welfare programs. Japan expands in East Asia.Japan expands in East Asia. World War II breaks outWorld War II breaks out. Long-Term Effects The Great Depression WorldwideEconomicDepression
Fascists Come to Power in Italy Textbook: page 757 Italy in a deep financial depression after WWIItaly in a deep financial depression after WWI Mussolini promised order and prosperityMussolini promised order and prosperity Introduced fascismIntroduced fascism Fascism: characterized by dictatorship, centralized control of private enterprise, repression of opposition, and extreme nationalismFascism: characterized by dictatorship, centralized control of private enterprise, repression of opposition, and extreme nationalism Used Black Shirts to impose his rule.Used Black Shirts to impose his rule. Invades EthiopiaInvades Ethiopia Makes a pact with HitlerMakes a pact with Hitler
Compare Fascism and Communism – page 760 CommunismSimilarities of Totalitarian Rule Fascism
Compare Fascism and Communism – page 760 CommunismSimilarities of Totalitarian Rule Fascism antidemocratic hopes for international change enemies of fascism supported by urban and agricultural workers all businesses state owned
Compare Fascism and Communism – page 760 CommunismSimilarities of Totalitarian Rule Fascism antidemocratic hopes for international change enemies of fascism supported by urban and agricultural workers all businesses state owned antidemocratic and nationalistic enemies of communists supported by business leaders, wealthy landowners and middle class all businesses individually owned but state controlled
Compare Fascism and Communism – page 760 CommunismSimilarities of Totalitarian Rule Fascism antidemocratic hopes for international change enemies of fascism supported by urban and agricultural workers all businesses state owned single party dictatorship state control of the economy use of police spies and terror for control strict censorship and government monopoly of the media indoctrination of youth unquestioning obedience to a single leader antidemocratic and nationalistic enemies of communists supported by business leaders, wealthy landowners and middle class all businesses individually owned but state controlled
Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany – page 761 Weimar Republic politically weak and unpopularWeimar Republic politically weak and unpopular Huge inflationHuge inflation Two revolutions against Weimar Republic. Once Hitler tried to seize power unsuccessfully. Went to jail.Two revolutions against Weimar Republic. Once Hitler tried to seize power unsuccessfully. Went to jail. Huge inflation and Great DepressionHuge inflation and Great Depression Hitler forms Nazi Party, promises reform, is elected as Chancellor in 1933Hitler forms Nazi Party, promises reform, is elected as Chancellor in 1933 Becomes dictator by 1934Becomes dictator by 1934
Hitlers Third Reich Totalitarian State – Nazis controlled all.Totalitarian State – Nazis controlled all. Huge public works programsHuge public works programs Big business and labor under government controlBig business and labor under government control Built up militaryBuilt up military Set aside Versailles Treaty and moved military into the RhinelandSet aside Versailles Treaty and moved military into the Rhineland Indoctrinated the youthIndoctrinated the youth Hitler despised Christianity and began to close churchesHitler despised Christianity and began to close churches Jews were persecuted as enemies of the stateJews were persecuted as enemies of the state
Hitlers Aggression to 1939 page 773
1936 March 1936 Hitler marches troops into the Rhineland Pacific April 1937 Germany attacks Guernica, Spain March 1938 Germany invades Austria September 1938 Germany invades the Sudetenland Events of World War II Europe
1939 Aug Nonaggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union Pacific Sept Germany invades Poland; World War II begins May 1940 Evacuation of British forces at Dunkirk June 1940 France surrenders; the Battle of Britain begins Events of World War II Europe March 1939 Germany invades Czechoslovakia December 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor. US declares war on Japan.
Europe at WAR
The Alliance System in 1942 Allied Powers Great BritainGreat Britain FranceFrance RussiaRussia United StatesUnited States Axis Powers Germany Germany Italy Italy Japan Japan Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
WWII Begins World War II began in Europe with the German blitzkrieg, or lightning war, against Poland in September of By June of 1940, Germany had conquered most of western Europe. In June of 1941, Germany invaded the Soviet Union. On December 7, 1941, Germanys ally, Japan, launched a surprise attack on the United Statesan act that drew America into the war. Eventually, the Allies turned the tide of the conflict against Germany and Japan. In the Pacific, Allied forces won a major victory in the Battle of Midway and began to recapture territory from the Japanese. In Europe, the Soviet Union captured the German army that besieged Stalingrad in February of The Allies opened a western front in Europe by landing in Normandy in June of 1944, and the combined pressure on two fronts drove Germany to surrender in May of Two atomic bombs dropped on Japan in August forced the Japanese to surrender in September of 1945.
The War in the Pacific Late 1930s – Japan attacks China for oil resources and territory 1940 – Japan conquers French Indochina and continues takeover of Pacific Islands. December, 1941 – Japan attacks Pearl Harbor. US enters the war.
1941 June 1941 Germany invades the Soviet Union Pacific Aug Hitler orders attack on Stalingrad Apr Allies surrender in Philippines; Bataan Death March begins Nov Allies land in North Africa May 1942 Allies turn back Japanese fleet in Battle of the Coral Sea Feb Germans surrender at Stalingrad June 1942 Allies defeat Japan in Battle of Midway Europe Events of World War II Dec Japanese attack Pearl Harbor; U.S. declares war on Japan Feb Japanese abandon the island of Guadalcanal
1944 Pacific Oct Allies defeat Japan in Battle of Leyte May 1945 Germany surrenders June 1945 Allies capture Okinawa Events of World War II Europe June 1944 Allies invade Europe on D-Day Dec Battle of the Bulge begins Mar Allies capture Iwo Jima Aug Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Sep Japan surrenders
Jewish Women and Children in Belsen Concentration Camp During the advance of the 2nd Army, the huge concentration camp at Belsen was relieved. Some 60,000 civilians, mostly suffering from typhus, typhoid, and dysentry were dying in their hundreds daily, despite the frantic efforts being made by medical services rushed to the camp. The camp was declared a neutral area before allies arrived, and the allied Military Government stood to reach the camp at the earliest possible moment, only to be faced by the most indescribable scenes--60,000 people starving and without water for over six days. The camp was littered with the dead and dying, and on closer investigation, it was discovered that the huts capable of housing about 30 people in many cases were holding as many as 500. It was impossible to estimate the number of dead among them. The others were too weak to remove the bodies, so they just had to remain.