Presentation on theme: "WELCOME! Turn in WWII Begins Review Worksheet Turn in WWII Begins Review Worksheet Get out Study Guide = #1-16 Get out Study Guide = #1-16 Youll need #56."— Presentation transcript:
WELCOME! Turn in WWII Begins Review Worksheet Turn in WWII Begins Review Worksheet Get out Study Guide = #1-16 Get out Study Guide = #1-16 Youll need #56 SSS Youll need #56 SSS A Few Notes: A Few Notes: –ASPnext Saturday Nov. 13 th –Goal 10 Testnext Friday Nov. 12th
What acts prevented the sales of arms and weapons to nations at war? What was the United States official policy before the outbreak of WWII? What was the speech that Roosevelt gave arguing that it was the United States duty to contain fascist aggression? Did Americans like the ideas proposed by Roosevelt to contain fascist aggression? What three countries were showing aggression in the 1930s and attempting to expand?
What term describes a govt that glorifies the nation above the individual, is headed by dictator, and has severe economic and social restrictions? Give the leader of each country: Germany: Italy: Russia: Japan: Great Britain: United States: What was the policy of giving into demands that nations like France and Great Britain adopted to avoid war with Germany? What event was an example of this policy?
What event officially sparked WWII? What date did the event that sparked war occur? What countries had Japan invaded (2)? What did Germany and the Soviet Union agree to in 1939? What is the new lighting warfare used by Germany called? What was the massive allied evacuation in France known as? After France surrendered, what country faced Germany alone?
U.S. Prepares for War -Cash and Carry policy begins: helps Allies temporarily -Axis Powers formed Germany, Italy, Japan -Selective Service begins draft process -Roosevelt seeks third term and wins Four Freedoms: want, worship, speech, and from fear -Lend-Lease policy begun to help supply allies-Arsenal of Democracy -Atlantic Charter signed between U.S. and Britain resembles 14 points of Wilson, foreshadows US involvement in war
Hitlers Mistake -Battle of Britain has stalled: RAF holds off Germany -June Germany attacks Russia breaks Nazi-Soviet Pact Why?? Russia wanted to expand = direct threat to Germany -early success but then stalemate -Russian winter sets in and halts advance -Now war is on two fronts: Eastern and Western Europe Begins to strain German forces
U.S. enters the War -U.S. has embargo on Japan for actions in the Pacific: limits what Japan can buy, eventually cuts trade off angering Japan -U.S. had warning of a possible Japanese attack somewhere Why Pearl Harbor? Easy access and home of the U.S. Pacific Fleet -Dec. 7 th, 1941 Pearl Harbor is attacked day that will live in infamy FDR addresses nation -U.S. declares war on Japan and then Germany, Italy declares war on U.S.
Americans in the Service -millions volunteered and millions more were drafted (Selective Service Act) 16 million serve as GIs -GIs went to basic training for 8 weeks Knew they were fighting to keep freedoms -Womens Auxiliary Corps thousands volunteered (350,000) but they couldnt serve in combat -Minorities served in segregated units Tuskegee Airmen: first African American flying force
Life on the Home Front -War Production Board industries were retooled to make war materials -Scientists are mobilized to create new technologies radar, sonar, penicillin, atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) -women stepped into many war materials jobs Rosie the Riveter working woman of WWII -Entertainment propaganda -newsreels -posters and advertisements
Government Control -Inflation controlled by price freezes Office of Price Administration -many products rationed to conserve resources fair distribution of scarce items -income taxes increased: to help finance war -War Bonds sold: help fund war, Liberty gardens reemerge -Japanese Internment: Jap-Americans were put into camps in the United States Korematsu v. United States discriminatory policy??? Made segregation of Japs temporarily legal
The US Enters WWII Review
1.__________________________this event occurred on Dec. 7, 1941 and led the US to declare war on Japan 2. __________________________this group was the first and most well remembered African-American flying force 3. __________________________this organization was responsible for transforming industries into producing war materials 4. __________________________this was the primary method used to fund the war 5. __________________________this group of citizens were sent to internment camps during the war 6. __________________________this act allowed the U.S. to provide the Allies with weapons and supplies without them having to pay for them 7. __________________________this act was passed in 1917 and allows the U.S. govt to enact a draft 8. __________________________this event was considered Hitlers big mistake and split the German forces into two fronts
9. __________________________this group was made up of over 350,000 women that provided supportive services to troops like nursing 10. _________________________this agreement was between Britain and the U.S. and foreshadowed US entry into WWII 11. _________________________this project aimed to develop the first atomic bomb so that a land invasion of Japan could be avoided 12. _________________________this term describes the working woman of WWII 13. _________________________this court case ruled that temporary segregation of a group of citizens during times of war or crisis is constitutional/legal 14. _________________________this organization was responsible for freezing prices to prevent inflation 15. _________________________many scarce products were __________ to conserve resources during WWII
Activity Complete US in WWII section of Goal 10 Study Guide