Presentation on theme: "War in Europe Naval slant. War in Europe Invasion of Poland: Blitzkrieg - September 1939 –Tanks and Stuka dive bombers. –Soviet occupation of eastern."— Presentation transcript:
War in Europe Naval slant
War in Europe Invasion of Poland: Blitzkrieg - September 1939 –Tanks and Stuka dive bombers. –Soviet occupation of eastern Poland. Denmark and Norway - April May Invasion of Netherlands, Belgium, and France. –Maginot Line proves ineffective to maneuver warfare. Battle of Britain - Summer –Operation Sea Lion - planned German invasion of England. Soviet annexation of Baltic States: June Soviet invasion of Finland - November German invasion of Soviet Union - June –Operation Barbarossa
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain World War II
We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender Winston Churchill - June 4, 1940
Naval Action Royal Navy blockades Germany. German invasion of Norway - April –Avoid Royal Navy mining of lines of communication. Dunkirk (Dunkerque) - May, June 1940 – Royal Navy evacuates 337,000 Allied soldiers from France. British destroy Vichy French fleet at Oran- July U.S. Navy Neutrality Patrols become the Atlantic Fleet. –Admiral Ernest J. King in command. –Undeclared naval war in the Atlantic against U-boats. Destroyers escort convoys. Anti-submarine patrol aircraft used to locate U-boats.
Battle of the Atlantic Britain dependent on merchant shipping for food supply. –Importance of maintaining lines of communication between Great Britain and the U.S. Increased number of U-boats and ease of transit to Atlantic. –Wolfpacks used to attack Allied convoys. –Gap in anti-submarine aircraft coverage south of Greenland. Happy Time for German U-boats. –Heavy losses of Allied merchant ships Britain acquires more escorts and better ability to break the secret Ultra code used by the German armed forces. –U.S. participates in convoy escort. Allied losses begin to decrease in late 1941.