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® BiomarkersofWellness. ® 1. Body Mass Index (BMI) BMI = Weight (in kg) Height 2 (in meters) BMI = Weight (in kg) Height 2 (in meters) Lbs/ inches 2 x.

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Presentation on theme: "® BiomarkersofWellness. ® 1. Body Mass Index (BMI) BMI = Weight (in kg) Height 2 (in meters) BMI = Weight (in kg) Height 2 (in meters) Lbs/ inches 2 x."— Presentation transcript:

1 ® BiomarkersofWellness

2 ® 1. Body Mass Index (BMI) BMI = Weight (in kg) Height 2 (in meters) BMI = Weight (in kg) Height 2 (in meters) Lbs/ inches 2 x 703 Lbs/ inches 2 x 703 A BMI of A BMI of <25 = desirable 25 – 29.9 = overweight >30 = obese

3 ® 2. Waist/Hip Ratio Waist/Hip Ratio Waist/Hip Ratio Ideal: <.80 Woman and <.95 Man Adipose Tissue is the largest endocrine gland in the body and produce: Adipose Tissue is the largest endocrine gland in the body and produce: Inflammatory chemicalsInflammatory chemicals EstrogenEstrogen CortisolCortisol

4 ® 3. Blood Pressure & Resting Pulse Blood Pressure Blood Pressure Systolic less than or equal to 110mm-Good Diastolic equal to or less than 70mm-Good Greater than 130/85mm is Mildly Hypertensive Resting Pulse Resting Pulse Athlete Good Average >80 Poor >80 Poor Medications?? Medications??

5 ® 4. Bioimpedance Analysis Phase angle Intracellular Water Body Fat

6 ® 5. Sugar Biomarkers Fasting Glucose Fasting Glucose mg/dl HbA1C- Glycosylated Hemoglobin HbA1C- Glycosylated Hemoglobin Normal range is %. In poorly controlled diabetes, its 8.0% or above, and in well controlled patients it's less than 7.0% The predictive value of HbA1C for total mortality was stronger than that documented for cholesterol concentration, body mass index and blood pressure. Khaw, K-T, et al, BMJ, 2001, Vol 322: 1-6 Fasting Insulin Fasting Insulin Increased insulin production causes insulin resistance Sign of Insulin Resistance with levels over 15 uU/ml

7 ® 6. Lipid Biomarkers Lipids, fractionated lipids Lipids, fractionated lipids Total Cholesterol-under 200Total Cholesterol-under 200 Triglycerides-under 150, preferably under 100Triglycerides-under 150, preferably under 100 HDL-over 50 (male) and over 60 (female)HDL-over 50 (male) and over 60 (female) LDL-under 130LDL-under 130 Trig/HDL ratio- under 2.0Trig/HDL ratio- under 2.0 Chol/HDL ratio- under 3.0Chol/HDL ratio- under 3.0 Inflammatory C-reactive protein Inflammatory C-reactive protein

8 ® 7. Core Flexibility Newtown 1 st law of Physics Newtown 1 st law of Physics An object in motion…. Use it or… Computerized Inclinometry and Core Flexibility Testing Computerized Inclinometry and Core Flexibility Testing Increased spinal motion (proprioception): Increased spinal motion (proprioception): Decreases Sympathetic tone (stress response) Decreases Sympathetic tone (stress response) Increases cognition (learning) Increases cognition (learning) Increases visceral function Increases visceral function Increased muscle tone and posture Increased muscle tone and posture

9 ® 8. Posture Somatic Retraction, Increased Sagittal Balance, Anterior Weight Bearing occurs as C7 moves anterior to the sacral base Somatic Retraction, Increased Sagittal Balance, Anterior Weight Bearing occurs as C7 moves anterior to the sacral base Every inch of increase 10 fold increase in posterior cervical muscle activity (hello tight traps!!) Every inch of increase 10 fold increase in posterior cervical muscle activity (hello tight traps!!) Resistance to compression: R= N2 + 1 Resistance to compression: R= N2 + 1 Positive Sagittal Balance reduces blood flow to the brain and senses by 30% Positive Sagittal Balance reduces blood flow to the brain and senses by 30% All measures of health status show significantly poorer scores as C7 plumb line increaseAll measures of health status show significantly poorer scores as C7 plumb line increase Spine 2005:30(18): Digital Postural Evaluation (posture pro) Digital Postural Evaluation (posture pro)

10 ® Medical Symptoms Questionnaire (MSQ) - -Identifies symptoms in most body systems - -Quantifies patients level of symptoms - -Provides a simple metric to track patient improvement 9. Systems Evaluation

11 ® 10. Chiropractic Biomarkers X-ray X-ray EMG EMG Thermography Thermography HRV HRV Inclinometry Inclinometry Muscle testing Muscle testing Palpation

12 ® #1 Biomarker of Aging... no decline with age is as dramatic or potentially more significant than the decline in lean body mass. J Nutr 127:990S-991S (1997)

13 ® What Gets Measured- Gets Managed Gets Managed


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