4Potsdam ConferenceStalin, Truman, and others work out a deal concerning Germany and Eastern European Countries.German will be split into four parts.
5The World Post WW IISoviet Union (A.K.A. = U.S.S.R) takes control of all Eastern European countries.Forces those countries to become Communist.The World is now scared of the quick spread of Communism.
6The World Post WW IIThe Countries Albania, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, and Czechoslovakia become communist and are known as Satellite Nations.America adopts a policy of Containment. (Will cause a lot of problems later)The separation between the U.S.S.R. and the Western powers became known as “The Iron Curtain”.
7The Beginning of the Cold War Truman Doctrine:“it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.”The Marshall Plan:The United States will provide aid to all European nations that needed it
8The Beginning of the Cold War The Soviets see this as America trying to buy away, loyal communist countries.U.S.S.R. Blocks off all access to Western BerlinBerlin Airlift
9Berlin AirliftFor 327 days, planes took off and landed every few minutes, around the clock.In 277,000 flights, they brought in 2.3 million tons of supplies—everything from food, fuel, and medicine.That’s 847 flights a day.
10NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization Belgium, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Portugal—joined with the United States and Canada.pledged military support to one another in case any member was attacked.In retaliation U.S.S.R. creates Warsaw Pact
23The Korean Policing Action McArthur quickly overtakes North Korean forces and pushes them all the way to the Yalu River (border Between China and N. Korea)China Warns America not to come any closer with troops or they will attack.Truman doesn’t want to continue.McArthur does want to keep attacking.
24The Korean Policing Action China Joins the battle and pushes back American forces – Again.McArthur wants to attack China directlyTruman refuses because it would start WW IIITruman fires McArthurAfter two more years of fighting the American troops push back the Chinese troops to the 38th Parallel.A stalemate truce is declaredThe situation has not change yet.
25The Korean Policing Conflict One piece of important technology came out of the Korean War.Homework – Watch M.A.S.H. tonight
27The “RED SCARE” Soviets control all of Eastern Europe China has become communistAmericans are afraid that communists are going to try and take over the world80,000 Americans have claimed membership in the communist party.
28The “RED SCARE” Congress passes the Federal Loyalty Program: Forced government employees to take loyalty oaths91 organizations identified as “subversive”Investigated 3.2 million federal employees212 were fired2,900 forced to quit because they refused take part in the investigationAccused people could not see the evidence against them
29The “RED SCARE” HUAC – House of Un-American Activities Committee. Investigated suspected communists throughout AmericaTargeted the movie industryThrew 10 movie stars in jail because they refused to testify for the committee.Hollywood creates a “Black List”
30The “RED SCARE”In Sept. 1949, Soviets detonated their first atomic bombGerman born scientist Klaus FuchsEthel and Julius Rosenberg
31The “RED SCARE” Senator Joseph McCarthy Was going to lose next election so……Claimed that communists were trying to take over the governmentClaimed he knew of up to 200 communists in the American government.Never had any proof
32The “RED SCARE” Known as “McCarthyism” Claims that there are many communists in the army.Senate hearings held on T.V.Public opinion of McCarthy changes
33The “RED SCARE”Americans feel that Truman and the democratic party are not strong enough to battle communism.Dwight D. Eisenhower easily wins the next election for the republican party.
34The “RED SCARE” The arms race – H-Bomb 450 times more powerful then the A- bomb dropped on HiroshimaBrinkmanship
35The “RED SCARE”Eisenhower scales down the army, and builds up the air force.WHY?Secretary of State Dulles defined his policy of brinkmanship: "The ability to get to the verge without getting into the war ..."Americans are now afraid of a nuclear attack.
37Brinkmanship Creation of the C.I.A. Performed covert operations in the Middle East and South America
38RED SCAREStalin dies in 1954Nikita Khrushchev takes over.SPACE RACE
39The RED SCARERussia launches Sputnik in 1957What is the big deal?
40The RED SCARE U-2 spy plane shot down over U.S.S.R. Francis Gary PowersHuge embarrassment to U.S.A. and Eisenhower
411st paragraph: What were America’s two policies towards Communism 2nd paragraph: Discuss what is the first policy and how was it suppose to work.3rd paragraph: Discuss what is the second policy and how was it suppose to work4th paragraph: Discuss which policy was best and why.