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Cognitive Benefits of Physical Education: Making Connections with Brain Research.

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Presentation on theme: "Cognitive Benefits of Physical Education: Making Connections with Brain Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cognitive Benefits of Physical Education: Making Connections with Brain Research

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3 Balance disturbances can impair brain processing structures involved w/ attention, memory, vision, auditory perception, reading, speech, movement, spatial orientation, sequencing and complex mathematical relationships.

4 Balance Boards Hoppity Hops Spinning Swings Brain Mats Body Tubes Stilts Gonge Cup Merry-Go-Rounds Skateboards/Skating

5 Why Exercise Works!! Blood pumping through our bodies, enables our brain to function at its best. Physical activity builds and conditions the brain. No more GYM Teacher…but, BRAIN TRAINERS!!!

6 Results of INACTIVITY Ratey 65% of adults and 1 in 3 children are overweight. Inactivity kills our brains---physically, shriveling them up through lack of use!! We treat the mind and the body as if they were separate…they are not!!! Our bodies need to work hard to keep our brains in peak performance Exercise cues the building blocks of learning in the brain.

7 Brain Rule #1 Exercise Boosts Brain Power 1995 began the avalanche of studies on the effect of exercise and the brain.

8 Can WE Change the Brains of our Students ?

9 Our experiences at school will change the brain in some way! brain in some way! HOW DOES THE BRAIN CHANGE? Eric Jenson How we grow new brain cells through physical activity!

10 BDNF= Miracle-Gro which Fosters Plasticity Brain plasticity refers to the capacity of the brain to modify its structure and function as a result of the interaction with the environment. CODE FOR LEARNING BDNF is really the brain's wonder drug. BDNF functions to translate activity into synaptic & cognitive connections. Ratey

11 As physical educators, we create the brain cells. Its up to other teachers to fill them Ratey Research concludes…exercise is strongly correlated with increased brain mass, better cognition, mood regulation and new cell production.

12 The greatest fallacy in American education today is that dropping physical education will improve academic performance.

13 Why is Rhythm Important? The foundation for language The foundation for language comes from hearing a beat comes from hearing a beat and copying the rhythm and copying the rhythm Everything involves rhythm Everything involves rhythm A child that can keep a rhythm… A child that can keep a rhythm… can learn to read! can learn to read! CONNECTION #3

14 Rhythmic Activities Cup Passing Game Jump Rope Rhymes Criss-Cross Clap Alphabet Clap

15 I. Physical Education is positively related to increased academic performance. I. Physical Education does not influence academic performance in a negative manner. II. Reducing time in physical education does not guarantee improvement in academics. CONNECTION #4

16 I. Physical Education is positively related to increased academic performance. CDE studies consistently show that students with higher fitness scores also have higher test scores. In 2004, a panel of noted researchers supported the findings of the CDE study and added that physical activity has a positive influence on memory, concentration and classroom behavior Trois-Rivieres study looked at the effect of PE on children as they moved from 1 st – 6 th grade where academic performance proved to be significantly higher in those exposed to daily PE.

17 II. Physical Education does not influence academic performance in a negative manner. Exercise improves cognition in school children. Aerobic exercise (as well as BMI) was related to achievement in reading and math (Castelli, D., 2007). School Health, Academic Performance and Exercise study found the academic achievement did not differ for students that spent over four times longer in physical education and significantly less time in academic classes (Dwyer, et al, 1983).

18 III. Reducing time in physical education does not guarantee improvement in academics. Increasing time in physical education does not negatively influence academic achievement & decreasing time in PE will not ensure that children perform any better in the classroom (Wilkens,Graham, et. Al., 2003). Sacrificing physical education for classroom time does not improve academic performance. (Shepard, Dwyer, Sallis, Ahamed, Coe… )

19 Programs that support active brains & active bodies: Naperville Central High School, Naperville, Il file://localhost/Users/debbies/Desktop/Pumpingup thebrain.html Woodland Elementary School, Kansas City, MO. Copenhagen, Denmark

20 Every student at Madison Junior High completes a computer-based fitness test. Students spend one day a week in the school's state-of-the-art fitness center. Fittest School in the Nation??? Naperville, IL A revolutionary PE program has transformed the student body body into perhaps the fittest in the nation with Zero hour PE. Among one entire sophomore class, only 3% were overweight, versus the national average of 30%. In 1999, Naperville District 203 scored #1 in science and #6 in math on TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) Ratey

21 Woodland Elementary School 2005 Fall PE one day per week /50 minutes Jan - June PE4life Program Five days a week /45 minutes. Inner city school with 80% of kids on free lunch program. PE4LIFE added Cardiac monitored watches, Dance Dance Revolution, A few exercise bicycles/fitness machines. AND A NEW ATTITUDE!! Ratey

22 Johannes Skolen Copenhagen, Denmark School PE was increased from once a week to 5 times a week for 250 students for three months. ABSENTEEISM decreased by 38%. CONCENTR ATION ABILITY was measured and it improved 33%. Teachers reported, The increase in exercise had great effects on CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR. Exercise had a major impact on GRADES; there was an average of 1.5 grade improvement across the board. Ratey

23 The brain is involved in everything we do at school… to ignore it is irresponsible!!! The brain is involved in everything we do at school… to ignore it is irresponsible!!!

24 Cognitive Benefits of Physical Education: Making Connections with Brain Research Debbie Smith Clemson University Clemson, SC Samantha Jackson Ware Shoals Primary School Ware Shoals, SC

25 REFERENCES

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