5Why Exercise Works!! Blood pumping through our bodies, enables our brain to function at it’s best.Physical activity builds and conditionsthe brain.No more GYM Teacher…but,BRAIN TRAINERS!!!
6Results of INACTIVITY65% of adults and 1 in 3 children are overweight.Inactivity kills our brains---physically,shriveling them up through lack of use!!We treat the mind and the body as ifthey were separate…they are not!!!Our bodies need to work hard to keepour brains in peak performanceExercise cues the building blocks of learning in the brain.Ratey
7studies on the effect of Brain Rule #1 Exercise Boosts Brain Power 1995 began the avalanche ofstudies on the effect ofexercise and the brain.Brain Rule #1 Exercise Boosts Brain Power
8Can WE Change the Brains of our Students’? YES...through everyday experiences!The brain responds likemuscles do, growing with use, withering withinactivity!!
9HOW DOES THE BRAIN CHANGE? Our experiencesat school will change thebrain in some way!HOW DOES THE BRAIN CHANGE?Eric JensonHow we grow new brain cellsthrough physical activity!
10BDNF= Miracle-Gro which Fosters Plasticity Brain plasticity refers to the capacity of the brain to modify its structure and function as a result of the interaction with the environment.CODE FOR LEARNINGBDNF is really the brain's wonder drug.BDNF functions to translate activity into synaptic & cognitive connections.Ratey
11better cognition, mood regulation and Research concludes…exercise is strongly correlated with increased brain mass,better cognition, mood regulation andnew cell production.“As physical educators,we create the brain cells.It’s up to other teacher’s to fill them”Ratey
12“The greatest fallacy in American education today is that dropping physical education will improve academic performance.”
13Why is Rhythm Important? CONNECTION #3Why is Rhythm Important?The foundation for languagecomes from hearing a beatand copying the rhythmEverything involves rhythmA child that can keep a rhythm…can learn to read!
15What the Research says about…Exercise & the Brain CONNECTION #4What the Research says about…Exercise & the BrainPhysical Education is positively related to increased academic performance.Physical Education does not influence academic performance in a negative manner.Reducing time in physical education does not guarantee improvement in academics.
16I. Physical Education is positively related to increased academic performance. CDE studies consistently show that students with higher fitness scores also have higher test scores.In 2004, a panel of noted researchers supported the findings of the CDE study and added that physical activity has a positive influence on memory, concentration and classroom behavior.1977 Trois-Rivieres study looked at the effect of PE on children as they moved from 1st – 6th grade where academic performance proved to be significantly higher in those exposed to daily PE.
17II. Physical Education does not influence academic performance in a negative manner. Exercise improves cognition in school children. Aerobic exercise (as well as BMI) was related to achievement in reading and math (Castelli, D., 2007).School Health, Academic Performance and Exercise study found the academic achievement did not differ for students that spent over four times longer in physical education and significantly less time in academic classes (Dwyer , et al, 1983).
18III. Reducing time in physical education does not guarantee improvement in academics. Increasing time in physical education does not negatively influence academic achievement & decreasing time in PE will not ensure that children perform any better in the classroom (Wilkens,Graham, et. Al., 2003).Sacrificing physical education for classroom time does not improve academic performance (Shepard, Dwyer, Sallis, Ahamed, Coe… )
19Programs that support active brains & active bodies: Naperville Central High School, Naperville, Ilfile://localhost/Users/debbies/Desktop/Pumpingup thebrain.htmlWoodland Elementary School, Kansas City, MO.Copenhagen, Denmark
20Fittest School in the Nation??? Naperville, ILEvery student at Madison Junior High completes a computer-based fitness test.A revolutionary PE program has transformed the student body body into perhaps the fittest in the nation with Zero hour PE. The purpose is to determine whether working out before school gives students a boost in reading ability and the rest of their academic subjects.Among one entire sophomore class, only 3% were overweight, versus the national average of 30%.The program has also turned these students into some of the smartest in the nation.In 1999, Naperville’s 8th graders were among 230,000 students form around the world who took an international test called TIMMS which evaluates knowledge of math & science. In recent years students from Chain, Japan and Singapore have outpaced American kid in these subjects. The Naperville students finished 6th in Math & 1st in science . The Naperville students stand out as an extraordinary bit of good news.Students spend one day a week in the school's state-of-the-art fitness center.A revolutionary PE program has transformed the student body body into perhaps the fittest in the nation with Zero hour PE.Among one entire sophomore class, only 3% were overweight,versus the national average of 30%.In 1999, Naperville District 203 scored #1 in science and #6 in math on TIMSS(Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study)Ratey
21PE one day per week /50 minutes. Woodland Elementary SchoolWoodland Elementary School2005 FallPE one day per week /50 minutes.2006 Jan - JunePE4life ProgramFive days a week /45 minutes.Inner city school with 80% of kids onfree lunch program.PE4LIFE addedCardiac monitored watches,Dance Dance Revolution,A few exercise bicycles/fitness machines.AND A NEW ATTITUDE!!Ratey
22Johannes Skolen Copenhagen, Denmark School PE was increased from once a week to 5 times a week for 250 students for three months.ABSENTEEISM decreased by 38%.CONCENTR ATION ABILITY was measured and it improved 33%.Teachers reported, “The increase in exercise had great effects on CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR.”Exercise had a major impact on GRADES; there was an average of 1.5 grade improvement across the board.Ratey
23The brain is involved in everything we do at school… to ignore it is irresponsible!!!
24Ware Shoals Primary School Cognitive Benefits of Physical Education: Making Connections with Brain ResearchDebbie SmithClemson UniversityClemson, SCSamantha JacksonWare Shoals Primary SchoolWare Shoals, SC