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Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Week 6 Agenda Review Homework Problems Ch 3: 2, 4 Chapter 3: Problem Solving Desksides: 7 QC Tools Flow chart Run.

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Presentation on theme: "Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Week 6 Agenda Review Homework Problems Ch 3: 2, 4 Chapter 3: Problem Solving Desksides: 7 QC Tools Flow chart Run."— Presentation transcript:

1 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Week 6 Agenda Review Homework Problems Ch 3: 2, 4 Chapter 3: Problem Solving Desksides: 7 QC Tools Flow chart Run Chart Pareto Diagram Histogram Cause and Effect Diagram Check sheet Scatter diagram Control chart Week 7 assignment Read chapter 4 Homework p roblems: Ch , 12, 23, 28(c) Case Study: "How We Slashed Response Time"

2 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Seven Quality Tools Chapter 3: Problem Solving

3 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Seven Quality Control Tools Pareto Chart Histogram Process flow diagram Check sheet Scatter diagram Control chart Run Chart Cause and Effect Diagram

4 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Pareto Principle Vilfredo Pareto ( ) Italian economist 20% of the population has 80% of the wealth Juran used the term vital few, trivial many. He noted that 20% of the quality problems caused 80% of the dollar loss. 7 Quality Tools

5 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Pareto chart 7 Quality Tools % Complaints

6 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Pareto Chart Pareto Chart Percent from each cause Causes of poor quality Machine calibrations Defective parts Wrong dimensions Poor Design Operator errors Defective materials Surface abrasions (64) (13) (10) (6) (3) (2)

7 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Histogram 7 Quality Tools

8 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Histogram

9 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Flowcharts Flowcharts Graphical description of how work is done. Used to describe processes that are to be improved. 7 Quality Tools

10 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Flow Diagrams " Draw a flowchart for whatever you do. Until you do, you do not know what you are doing, you just have a job. -- Dr. W. Edwards Deming.

11 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Flowchart Activity Decision Yes No 7 Quality Tools

12 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Flowchart Flowchart

13 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Flow Diagrams

14 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Flow Diagrams

15 Process Chart Symbols Operations Inspection Transportation Delay Storage

16 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Process Chart

17 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving

18 Check Sheet Shifts Defect Type 7 Quality Tools

19 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Check Sheet COMPONENTS REPLACED BY LAB TIME PERIOD: 22 Feb to 27 Feb 1998 REPAIR TECHNICIAN: Bob TV SET MODEL 1013 Integrated Circuits |||| Capacitors |||| |||| |||| |||| |||| || Resistors || Transformers |||| Commands CRT |

20 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Cause-and-Effect Diagrams Show the relationships between a problem and its possible causes. Developed by Kaoru Ishikawa (1953) Also known as … Fishbone diagrams Ishikawa diagrams 7 Quality Tools

21 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Cause and Effect Skeleton Quality Problem Materials EquipmentPeople Procedures 7 Quality Tools

22 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Fishbone Diagram Quality Problem MachinesMeasurementHuman ProcessEnvironmentMaterials Faulty testing equipment Incorrect specifications Improper methods Poor supervision Lack of concentration Inadequate training Out of adjustment Tooling problems Old / worn Defective from vendor Not to specifications Material- handling problems Deficiencies in product design Ineffective quality management Poor process design Inaccurate temperature control Dust and Dirt

23 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Cause and effect diagrams Advantages making the diagram is educational in itself diagram demonstrates knowledge of problem solving team diagram results in active searches for causes diagram is a guide for data collection

24 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Cause and effect diagrams To construct the skeleton, remember: For manufacturing - the 4 Ms man, method, machine, material For service applications equipment, policies, procedures, people

25 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Scatter Diagram.

26 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Run Charts Run Charts (time series plot) Examine the behavior of a variable over time. Basis for Control Charts

27 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Control Chart Sample number Number of defects UCL = LCL = 1.99 c = 12.67

28 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Control Charts Control Charts 7 Quality Tools

29 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Stem and leaf displays Data Integrated Circuit Response Time (ps)

30 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Stem and leaf displays Integrated Circuit Response Time (ps)

31 Quality Improvement: Problem Solving Dot diagrams 3456 Plant A Plant B Integrated Circuit Response Time (ps)


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