Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Q- Sulfuric acid can be produced from mined sulfur via the contact process. There are two stages represented below Molten Sulfur I Burner II Burner i)

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Q- Sulfuric acid can be produced from mined sulfur via the contact process. There are two stages represented below Molten Sulfur I Burner II Burner i)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Q- Sulfuric acid can be produced from mined sulfur via the contact process. There are two stages represented below Molten Sulfur I Burner II Burner i) Give a reason why, in stage I, the molten sulfur is sprayed into the burner, rather than being allowed to flow through it. A) Increased surface area = increased rate of reaction. Also even burning.

2 Q- Sulfuric acid can be produced from mined sulfur via the contact process. There are two stages represented below Molten Sulfur I Burner II Burner ii) A conflict is involved in choosing the best temperature to be used in stage II, where the reaction is 2SO 2 (g)+O 2 (g) 2SO 3 (g) Describe the nature of the conflict and explain how the conflict is resolved. The reaction is exothermic (-99 kJ/mol). Low temperatures favour the products. BUT at low temperatures the reaction takes a long time to reach equilibrium. At high temperatures the reaction is fast but does not favour the products and gives a low yield. A compromise temperature of 600C is chosen in order to provide a useful yield in an economic time. A V 2 O 5 catalyst is also used to reach equilibrium more quickly.

3 Q- Sulfuric acid can be produced from mined sulfur via the contact process. There are two stages represented below Molten Sulfur I Burner II Burner iii) Describe by using an equation, a specific example of sulfuric acid acting as an oxidising agent. ?????????????????.

4 Outline three industrial processes that use sulfuric acid. Include a relevant chemical reaction for each process. Fertiliser production: NH 3 (aq)+H 2 SO 4 (aq) (NH 4) SO 4 Production of titanium (IV) oxide (pigment + sunscreen), from ilmenite. FeTiO 3 (s) + 2H 2 SO 4 (aq) Fe 2+ (aq) + TiO 2+ (aq) + 2SO 4 2- (aq)+ 2H 2 O(l) Further treatment leads to TiO 2 formation. Manufacturing detergents. R-X- + H 2 SO 4 R-X-SO 3 H + H 2 O Where X = benzene ring Cleaning steel, catalyst for esterification (and vast numbers of other reactions)

5 Sulfuric acid is an important industrial chemical. One of the intermediate products in the synthesis of sulfuric acid is H 2 S 2 O 7 i) What is the name of H 2 S 2 O 7? A - Oleum With reference to the properties of sulfuric acid, describe safety precautions necessary for its transport. (3 marks) Concentrated sulfuric acid is nearly all molecular. With very few ions (H +,,, SO 4 2-, HSO 4 - ). For this reason it will not attack iron or steel and can be transported in iron or steel containers. Dilute sulfuric acid is fully ionised and the H + ions will attack iron and steel and so dilute sulfuric acid must be stored in glass or plastic containers.

6 Describe the production processes for the manufacture of sulfuric acid, identifying reaction conditions which must be monitored. 1 – Frasch process. Compressed air and superheated steam (165C). Australia – sulfur comes from natural gas and petroleum or metal smelting. 2- S(l)+O 2 (g) SO 2 (g) Exothermic. Goes to completion. Molten sulfur. Heat is used to generate steam and electricity to improve the eficiency.

7 Describe the production processes for the manufacture of sulfuric acid, identifying reaction conditions which must be monitored. 3 – SO 2 (g)+½ O 2 (g) SO 3 (g) Exothermic. 600C – Compromise temperature-yield vs rate V 2 O 5 catalyst to increase rate of reaction. Need to monitor temperature for this reason. Atmospheric pressure gives sufficient yield. Heat given off used to generate steam and electricity to improve efficiency. 98% of SO 2 is converted. Need to monitor the SO 2 / SO 3 ratio. Need to ensure no SO 2 is released.. Why?

8 Describe the production processes for the manufacture of sulfuric acid, identifying reaction conditions which must be monitored. 4 – SO 3 (g)+H 2 SO 4 (l) H 2 S 2 O 7 (l) SO 3 reacted with conc sulfuric acid. Then H 2 S 2 O 7 (l)+H 2 O(l) 2 H 2 SO 4 (l) Must be done in two steps because direct reaction of SO 3 with H 2 O is so exothermic that a fine mist of H 2 SO 4 droplets which is hard to work with.


Download ppt "Q- Sulfuric acid can be produced from mined sulfur via the contact process. There are two stages represented below Molten Sulfur I Burner II Burner i)"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google