Presentation on theme: "KLINIK KESIHATAN KAMPUNG PANDAN QA STUDY 2011. POOR DETECTION RATE OF DIABETIC FOOT PROBLEMS AMONG DIABETIC PATIENT AT KK KG PANDAN PANDAN."— Presentation transcript:
KLINIK KESIHATAN KAMPUNG PANDAN QA STUDY 2011
POOR DETECTION RATE OF DIABETIC FOOT PROBLEMS AMONG DIABETIC PATIENT AT KK KG PANDAN PANDAN
TEAM MEMBERS DR. SAMURAH A RAHMAN DR. PREMINI A/P GANESPATHY DR. IBRAHIM AHMAD FUAD S/N MOLINA
Outline of Problems 1
PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED IN THE CLINIC HIGH PREVALENCE RATE OF LATE BOOKING ATTENDING KKIA HIGH DEFAULTER RATE AMONG ANTENATAL FOLLOW UP AT KKIA POOR DETECTION RATE OF DIABETIC FOOT PROBLEMS AMONG DM PATIENTS POOR RATE OF BP CONTROL AMONG HPT PATIENTS HIGH NUMBER OF DEFAULTER RATE AMONG DM PATIENTS
PRIORITISATION OF PROBLEMS SMART criteria is being used to chose the topic for QA. SERIOUSNESS MEASUREABLE APPROPRIATENESS REMEDIAL TIMELINESS
SCALE OF WEIGHTAGE PROBLEMS SMARTSCORE 1. HIGH PREVALENCE RATE OF LATE BOOKING AT KKIA HIGH DEFAULTER RATE AMONG ANTENATAL FOLLOW UP AT KKIA POOR DETECTION RATE OF DIABETIC FOOT PROBLEMS AMONG DM PATIENT RATE OF BP CONTROL AMONG HPT PATIENTS HIGH NUMBER OF DEFAULTER RATE AMONG DM PT PRIORITISATION OF PROBLEM USING SMART 1=Not too important3= Important5= Most important 2=Not important4= Very important
VERIFICATION STUDY Data taken from the audit (ADCM-Audit Diabetes Control Management) which was conducted from24/4/09- 14/4/10, among DM patient in KK PANDAN, only 6.5% patient were found to have diabetic foot problems. Detection of diabetic foot problems among diabetic patient in Kuala Lumpur was only 3%.(13 clinics).
INTRODUCTION Diabetic foot problems are common complication of diabetes mellitus patients that eventually affects the majority of DM patients which is associated with significantly higher morbidity and disability.
LITERATURE REVIEW Rabia K et al (2007) reported that prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in primary care setting at University Malaya was 41%, foot ulcer 9.5% and peripheral vascular disease 16%. Prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in Turkish Diabetic patient was 40.4% by clinical examination. Ebras et al (2011).
In the Third National Health Morbidity Survey 2006, the prevalence of limb amputation among diabetic patient was 4.3%. Mimi O et al (2003) reported prevalence of foot deformity among diabetic patients attending primary care setting at University Malaya was 17.7%.
Reiber GE et al (1995) found out that 15% of patients with diabetes mellitus will develop a lower extremity ulcer during the course of their disease. The prevalence of foot ulceration in patient attending a diabetic outpatient clinic in Malaysia has been reported as 6%.Ganesen (1992).
Based on literature review primary health care provider should be able to detect 70-80% diabetic foot problems (Peripheral neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease, foot deformity, ulcer and amputation)
SERIOUSNESS Failure to diagnose diabetic foot problems OR early detection will lead to end point of foot complication which is foot amputation.
MEASURABLE Selection on cases and evaluation can be obtained from patients records Knowledge and skill of examination of staff can be assessed by observation and self administered questionnaire
APPROPRIATENESS ABLE TO PERFORM STUDY AS a.KKM has Clinical Practice Guideline for Management of Diabetic Foot 2004 b.Sufficient staff
REMEDIABLE Staff to be trained about knowledge and skills and go for refresher courses To refresh staff knowledge by doing CME CME-Foot examination was done in September for nurses prior to data collection CME-Foot examination was done in September to the nurses prior to data collection
TIMELINESS To prevent further complications of diabetic foot by early detection and diagnosis.
Key measures for improvement 2
GENERAL OBJECTIVE To increase detection rate of Diabetic Foot Problems among diabetic patient. To identify the cause of failure and to achieve higher detection rate
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES To identify and to determine the cause of low pick up rate in diagnosing diabetic foot problems. To formulate strategies and plan appropriate remedial measures to overcome identified problem. To evaluate the remedial measure implemented.
INDICATOR & STANDARD INDICATORSFORMULASTANDARD % of Diabetic Foot Problems among diabetic patients Number of DM patients with Abnormal foot examination X Numbers of selected DM patients 40%
Definitions Diabetic foot problems (From ADCM 2009) 1.Peripheral neuropathy- Disorder of nerves apart from brain & spinal damage to the nerve of peripheral nervous system. 2. Peripheral vascular disease- peripheral arterial disease (PAD) or peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD)
Definitions -refers to the obstruction of large arteries not within the coronary, aortic arch vasculature or brain. PVD can result from atherosclerosis, inflammatory processes leading to stenosis, embolism or thrombus formation. 3. Foot Deformity- distortion or general disfigurement of the foot.
Definitions 4. Ulcers- a local defect, or excavation of the surface, of an organ or tissue produced by sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue. 5. Amputation- intentional surgical removal of a limb or body part. It is performed to remove diseased tissue or relieved pain.
POOR DETECTION RATE OF DIABETIC FOOT PROBLEM AMONG MEDICAL STAFF AMONG MEDICAL STAFF POOR ATTITUDE LACK of KNOWLEDGE LACK of SKILL POOR DOCUMENTATION LOW REFERRANCE TO PROTOCOL/ CPG POOR COMMUNICATION
Factors influencing low detection of Diabetic Foot Problems Lack of knowledge of staff Lack of skill on foot examination Poor documentation
Flow chart RESULT 1 YEAR FOOT CARE APP DOCUMENTATION FOOT EXAMINATION DONE BY NURSES APPOINTMENT FOR FOOT ASSETMENT NORMAL ABNORMAL REFFERAL TO DOCTORS TCA 3 TO 6/12LY TAKE ACTION ACCORDINGLY
Yes No Appointment for foot assessment Foot Examination by trained staffs Diagnosis of foot problems Documentation of examination findings Refer to doctors for further management End TCA 1yr Take Action to :- 1.Education 2.Optimize Sugar control 3.Treatment of complications 4.Referral to respective unit End TCA 3-6 month STANDARD 100% MODEL OF GOOD CARE
Process of Gathering Information 3
INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA INCLUSION CRITERIA All Diabetic patients EXCLUSION CRITERIA Diabetic patient who is known to have Diabetic Foot Problems. Type I DM Pregnant mother
COLLECTION OF DATA Diabetic patient will be given appointment date for foot care assessment during their follow up Appointment per day was 15 patients per session Foot care assessment is done on Monday and Friday morning Dedicated staff will contact patients via phone a day prior to appointment 15 staff involved (6 staff nurses and 9 Jururawat Masyarakat) All patient that came during the session will be taken as sample
INTERVENTION TOOLS FOR IMPROVEMENT Diabetic Foot Assessment Form Staffs observation on skill Staffs knowledge questionnaire
Diabetic Foot Assessment Form Staffs observation on skill Staffs knowledge questionnaire
Diagnosis post examination Based on ADCM study diagnosis categorized into 5 category a. Peripheral neuropathy b. Peripheral vascular disease c. Foot deformity d. Foot ulcer e. Amputation
ABNA 17.5% STANDARD DATA 1 BEFORE TRAINING DATA 2 AFTER TRAINING STANDARD SET AT 40%
This study had not achieved its own standard of detection: 40% detection of diabetic foot problems. Thus, reevaluation and remedial action were done
Strategies for Change 5
Strategy for change Problems identified during re evaluation 1.Staff were not able to do correct examination technique. Only 2 staff able to do complete and correct examination technique. All staffs incorrect technique recorrected by second CME. 2.Poor documentation. Proper and correct documentation briefing done to all staff.
3. Seven of staff was unable to give correct diagnosis post examination. Each of them were re-educated on how to make a correct diagnosis. 4. Staff knowledge was assessed. Five staff scored between 70-80% Nine staff scored between 60-70% One staff score 56% The staff knowledge was assessed after second CME (conducted on 19 th May 2011)
Effects of Change 6
Analysis result post remedial action taken from until
Staff knowledge Pre remedial actionPost remedial action
ABNA 17.5% STANDARD DATA 1 BEFORE TRAINING DATA 3 AFTER REMEDIAL ACTION DATA 2 AFTER TRAINING 48%
Conclusion This study had achieved its own standard of detection after reevaluation and remedial action: Able to achieved 72% detection of diabetic foot problems. Improvement can be achieved with -continuous supervision on examination technique. -Regular audit on documentation -Regular assessment on knowledge
The Next Step 7
NEXT STEP The foot care assessment protocol had been implemented as routine annual foot care assessment at KK Kampung Pandan Our aim in future to create protocols for diabetic foot management to the patients
The format of clinical monitoring protocol can also be applied to improve detection of other diabetic complications These implementation steps will be share with other clinics in JKWPKL in order to improve the rate of detection of diabetic foot problems
GANTT CHART AUGSEPOCTNOVDECJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUN Proposal & verification Briefing & Training Data collection Analysis of data Remedial measures & Reevaluation Report writing Planning Execution
REFERRENCES 1.World Health Organization – Diabetes Program me 2. King LB. Impact of Preventive Programmer on Amputation Rates in the Diabetic population. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2008; 35: Pecoraro RE, Reiber GE, Burgess EM. Pathways to diabetic limb amputation: basis for prevention. Diabetes Care 1990; 13: Rabia K, Khoo EM. Prevalence of Peripheral Arterial Disease in patients with Diabetes Mellitus in a Primary Care Setting. Med J Malaysia 2007; 62(2). 5 Erbas, Tomris, Ertas, Mustafa. Prevalence of Peripheral Neuropathy and Painful Peripheral Neuropathy in Turkish Diabetic Patients. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology 2011; 28:
6. Akbar DH, Mushtaq MA, Alagmdi AA. Inadequate screening for micro vascular complications among diabetic patients. Diabetes International 2001; 11(1): The third National health Morbidity Survey (NHMS) Diabetes Group. Ministry of Health Malaysia, Abbas ZG, Archibald LK. Challenge for management of diabetic foot in Africa: doing with more. International Wound Journal 2007; Clinical Practice Guideline. Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.4 th edition Clinical Practice Guideline. Management of Diabetic Foot Rajna Ogrin. Foot assestment in patient with diabetes. Australian Family Physician 2006; 35(6)
Soal selidik untuk kakitangan klinik kesihatan kampung pandan Nama: ___________________________________________________ Jawatan: ___________________________________________________ 1.Semua pesakit kencing manis perlu menjalani pemeriksaan kaki sekurang-kurangnya setahun sekali (Ya/Tidak) 2.Pesakit yang mempunyai komplikasi perlu disaring lebih kerap (3-6 bulan sekali) (Ya/Tidak) 3.Pesakit yang ada ulser, jangkitan kuman dan gangrene perlu dirujuk segera kepada doktor (Ya/Tidak) 4.Sewaktu pemeriksaan kaki, anda perlu membandingkan keadaan kedua-dua kaki (Ya/Tidak) 5.Pemeriksaan sensori pada kaki menggunakan 5.07 Semmes-Weinstein monofilament (10gm)Wire (Ya/Tidak) Semmes-Weinstein monofilament (10gm) wire hendaklah ditukar selepas _____kali penggunaan 7.Penggunaan vibration test hendaklah menggunakan Tunning-fork 250 hz (Ya/Tidak) 8.Bacaan ABSI _______ adalah abnormal dan memerlukan rujukan doktor. 9.Namakan dua pulses/nadi yang perlu diperiksa sewaktu pemeriksaan kaki a) ____________________ b) ____________________ 10.Nyatakan apakah komplikasi diabetes kepada kaki pesakit (5Jawapan) 11.Kenalpasti dan nyatakan abnormality pada pemeriksaan kaki berikut. (10 gambar kaki pesakit)
Staff observational sheetYes / No 1. Patients biodata (Name, date, contact number and I/C numbers) filled up 2. Both lower limbs being compared. 3. Proper technique of foot examination carried out as in the foot examination form a. Inspection b. Nerve assessment c. Vascular assessment 4. Correct tools being used 5. Post examination diagnosis 6. Patients were informed about the examination findings 7. Abnormal findings-refer to doctors or not Staff observational sheet