Presentation on theme: "PROCESSOR QA. Processor monitoring is accomplished with the performance of daily sensitometric tests. These evaluate the performance of both the processor."— Presentation transcript:
Processor monitoring is accomplished with the performance of daily sensitometric tests. These evaluate the performance of both the processor systems and processing chemicals. Sensitometry measures the relationship between the intensity of radiation absorbed by the film and the optical density that is produced.
EQUIPMENT NEEDED Sensitometer Densitometer Thermometer Radiographic film Processor Control Chart
The sensitometer is an instrument designed to expose a reproducible, uniform, optical step- wedge pattern onto a film
The densitometer, also known as a transmission densitometer, measures the optical density of a portion of an image with a 0 to 4 scale
PROCEDURE A fresh box of film should be selected and dedicated to sensitometric testing only. This box of film is known as the control box and should be clearly labeled and stored under ideal conditions (e.g., no light, ionizing radiation, or chemical fumes). Control Box
Expose a sheet of film from the control box with the sensitometer (in the darkroom under the safe light conditions) and process it. Green/blue spectral matching switch. Determine the color sensitivity of your sheet of film. Exposing the film with the improper light color will cause the data obtained from the strip to be invalid.
Calibrate the densitometer. Obtain the reading by depressing the arm of the densitometer. No film is being used at this time. The display should indicate 0. If not continue adjusting the knob on the arm until you obtain the desired reading of 0 OD.
Obtain B +F reading The B + F reading should be obtained from the clear portion of a film. Acceptable limits 0.1 to 0.25
Determine the speed indicator This is a measure of the amount of exposure energy necessary to produce an optical density of 1 above the B + F. Once the B + F is determined, find the step with an optical density closest to 1 above this value. The value of this step is always measured and recorded as the speed indicator, regardless of the value obtained. For example, if the B + F is 0.2 on the first day and step 8 of the sensitometry image yields an optical density of 1.27, then the speed indicator is In the next sensitometric reading we just obtain reading from step The closest to (B+F) = 1.20
Determine Minimum Density Minimum density (D min ) or low density (LD). D min, or LD, is the optical density of the step closest to 0.25 above the B + F, which approximates the low end of the diagnostic range of optical densities. For example, if the B + F is 0.2 on the first day and step 3 of the sensitometry image yields an optical density of 0.47, then the D min is In the next sensitometric reading we just obtain reading from step The closest to (B+F) = 0.45
Determine Maximum Density Maximum density (D max ) or high density (HD). D max, or HD, is the optical density of the step closest to 2 above the B + F, which is close to the upper value of the diagnostic density range.. In the next sensitometric reading we just obtain reading from step The closest to (B+F) = 2.20
Contrast indicator or relative density difference (DD). Because contrast is defined as the difference among optical densities on the processed image, a contrast indicator can be obtained by calculating the difference between the D max and D min values during each day's sensitometry test – 0.47 = 1.77
Once all of the previously mentioned values are determined, they should be plotted on a control chart. This helps monitor chemical activity and processor performance and document the quality control activities for accreditation or government agencies. Because control charts have data plotted for an entire month, any trends in processor performance may appear and need to be addressed.
Day 1Day 2 Step 15 Step – 0.47 = Place a dot in the middle of the control chart. This is a reference value Second day 1.87 (step 15 –step 3) 0.1 above the first day reading Connect the dots to observe the trend
Plot the Mid Density value on the chart for day 1 Plot the Mid Density value on the chart for day 2
Plot the B + F value on the chart day 1 Plot the B + F value on the chart day 2
Temperature values for the fixer and developer should be measured with the thermometer. However, in order to avoid the contamination of the chemical solutions these values will be obtained from the processors display panel. Day 1 Day 2
Plot the H and D curve for the day 1 strip Steps