Presentation on theme: "A Study of Foreign Language Learners Cognitive Style in Multimedia Classroom Wang Qi Northwest Normal University."— Presentation transcript:
A Study of Foreign Language Learners Cognitive Style in Multimedia Classroom Wang Qi Northwest Normal University
Aims: This study is designed to investigate the relationship between foreign language learners different cognitive styles and task variables in the multimedia classroom in Northwest Normal University.
Outline of This study Research Background research design statistical findings and analysis some suggestions
Part Research Background
Part Research Design The Subjects: 62 juniors (17 male students & 45 female students) from English Department are served as subjects who are randomly chosen from 85 juniors with the same learning experience in multimedia classroom.
Part Research Design The Instruments(1): Chinese Embedded Figures Test (CEFT) which is based on Witkin s Group Embedded Figures Test. According to this test, the subjects are classified as field- independent (FI, 24 students), field-dependent (FD, 19 students), and field-mixed (FM, 19 students ).
Part Research Design The Instruments(2): three questionnaires A. Learners Preference on Presentation in Multimedia Format (LPPMF) B. Learners Attitude toward Learning in Multimedia Classroom (LALMC) C. Satisfaction on Learning Effectiveness in Multimedia Classroom (SLEMC)
Part Research Design The Instruments(3): Each of the three questionnaires has 10 items in Chinese. 5-point Likert scale is for getting data. The scores of them are ranging from 30 to 150. If the scores are higher than 33 (each questionnaire) and 98(total of the three) respectively, that shows students have positive attitudes towards learning in the multimedia classroom.
Part Findings and Analysis Findings of Statistics Findings of Statistics of CEFT, LPPMF, LALMC, SLEMC 1. FI students get the lower scores on the two questionnaires (ALMC: M=31.85, SD=5.94; SLEMC: M=27.67, SD=4.75). 29% (total percentage) students of FI are satisfied with learning in multimedia classroom. 2.
Part Findings and Analysis 1. (2) FD students get the higher scores on the two questionnaires (ALMC: M= 32.97, SD=4.54; SLEMC: M=27.93, SD=3.96), which shows that they prefer to learn in the multimedia classroom. But they get the lowest scores on LPPMF (M=30.67, SD=2.87).
Part Findings and Analysis (3) FM students get the highest scores on LPPMF (M=32.06, SD=3.94) and the lowest scores on SLEMC (M=26.88, SD=4.30). And only 5.3% students of FM are satisfied with learning effectiveness in multimedia classroom.
Part Findings and Analysis (4) The total scores of the three questionnaires show that 71.2% students are not satisfied with learning in the present multimedia classroom.
Part Findings and Analysis 5. A significant negative relationship between FI and SLEMC (r = -.512*, p<.05) indicates that the higher scores the FI students get, the less satisfied they feel on learning, and the multimedia environment has fewer effects on them.
Part Findings and Analysis 6. A significant positive relations between FD and LPPMF (r =.516*, p<.05) / ALMC (r =.615*, p<.05) indicate that FD students depend more on the multimedia environment, although they need help to familiarize themselves with the presentation format in multimedia classroom.
Part Findings and Analysis 7. There are no significant relationship between FM and the three variables. It is obvious that the multimedia environment has the different effects on the learners with different cognitive styles. This study also finds that the ineffectiveness of teaching results is due to the teaching design of multimedia environment which does not adapt to accommodate different cognitive styles.