2Which of the following principles gives each branch of government the power to limit the power of the other two branches?1. Checks and balances2. Popular sovereignty3. Separation of powers4. Federalism.
3Who is the head of the executive branch of the national government? 1. Vice President2. Supreme court3. President4. Governor
4What is the job of the legislative branch? 1. carry out laws2. make laws3. explain laws4. interpret laws
5What are the 3 branches of government? 1. executive, federal, and judicial2. executive, legislative, and judicial3. state, national and judicial4. national, state, and local
6“We the people…” 1. never appears in the Constitution 2 “We the people…” 1. never appears in the Constitution 2. are the first 3 words in the Declaration of Independence 3. are the last 3 words of the Declaration of Independence 4. are the first 3 words of the Constitution
7The Constitution is the _______________________ of the land. 1 The Constitution is the _______________________ of the land. 1. Supreme law 2. Best law 3. Last law 4. Only law
8Which branch of the government carries out laws. 1. Judicial 2 Which branch of the government carries out laws? 1. Judicial 2. Executive 3. Legislative 4. None of the above
9The people of the US rule through 1. Federalist 2. Representatives 3 The people of the US rule through 1. Federalist 2. Representatives 3. Democrats 4. Republicans
10Power to govern is shared between the _________ and ____________ government. 1. Executive and legislative branch 2. Congress and judicial branch 3. Constitution an Supreme Court 4. federal and state
11Congress cannot 1. Tax 2. Take away individual rights 3 Congress cannot 1. Tax 2. Take away individual rights 3. Regulate trade 4. Coin money
12Under the Articles of Confederation, there was 1. No president 2 Under the Articles of Confederation, there was 1. No president 2. No national court system 3. No money 4. Both A and B
13The government has only the power the _________________ give it. 1 The government has only the power the _________________ give it. 1. Government 2. Congress 3. People 4. President
14Who elects the President. 1. US citizens 2. Electoral College 3 Who elects the President? 1. US citizens 2. Electoral College 3. US Senators 4. US Congress
15What is the legislative body for York County. 1 What is the legislative body for York County? 1. York County Board of Supervisors 2. York County School Board 3. Governor 4. Congress
16Who has the power of judicial review over state laws. 1 Who has the power of judicial review over state laws? 1. US Supreme Court 2. VA Supreme Court 3. Both A and B 4. Neither A nor B
17Who is the chief executive for Virginia. 1. Governor 2. President 3 Who is the chief executive for Virginia? 1. Governor 2. President 3. Mayor 4. County Manager
18Which federal court has a jury. 1. Supreme court 2. District court 3 Which federal court has a jury? 1. Supreme court 2. District court 3. Circuit court 4. Juvenile court
19If a person your age were to appear in court to face charges, which court would it be? 1. A. Supreme court 2. District court 3. Circuit court 4. Juvenile court
20If Congress passes a law that says only women can vote, what would happen? 1.The President would make a new law. 2. Congress would veto it. 3. It would be declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. 4. It would be approved.
21Which of the following is a way that an individual can influence the political process? 1. watch television 2. join an athletic team 3. vote 4. none of the above
22What is the final step in the lawmaking process 1 What is the final step in the lawmaking process 1. Working on the bill in committees 2. Signing or vetoing the bill by the President of the governor 3. Voting on a bill by both houses 4. Debating the bill
23Which amendments to the US Constitution provide for due process of law protection? 1. 5th and 14th 2. 27th 3. 5th and 21st 4. all of them
24Which term refers to powers that are given to the state governments. 1 Which term refers to powers that are given to the state governments? 1. reserved powers 2. enumerated powers 3. concurrent/shared powers 4. implied powers
25Which of the following is an example of a concurrent/shared power. 1 Which of the following is an example of a concurrent/shared power? 1. taxing 2. coining money 3. setting up schools 4. establishing driving laws
26Which court's proceedings are kept private. 1. District Court 2 Which court's proceedings are kept private? 1. District Court 2. Circuit Court 3. Supreme Court 4. Juvenile Court
27Which of the following people is credited with designing and building the reaper? 1.Fulton 2.Whitney 3.Garrison 4.McCormick
28The Oregon Country was gained by treaty with. 1. France 2. Mexico 3 The Oregon Country was gained by treaty with France 2. Mexico 3. Britain 4. Spain
29The Monroe Doctrine 1.banned European expansion or interference in the Americas 2.blocked trade between the nations in the western hemisphere and Europe 3.stopped all trade between North and South America 4.declared that the US would resolve all problems in South America
30Which of the following land cessions was an example of annexing. 1 Which of the following land cessions was an example of annexing? 1.Texas 2.Florida 3.Oregon 4.California
31The Confederacy included 1. Florida and Texas 2 The Confederacy included 1. Florida and Texas 2. New York and Pennsylvania 3. Delaware and Maryland 4. Missouri and Kansas
32The Fourteenth Amendment declared that: 1 The Fourteenth Amendment declared that: 1. All male citizens, whatever their race, are entitled to vote. 2. All those born in the U.S. are citizens and states cannot take away their legal rights. 3. Presidents cannot serve three terms. 4. Slavery was banned in the United States.
33The period following the Civil War is called. 1. Constitution. 2 The period following the Civil War is called 1. Constitution 2. Reconstruction 3. Manifest Destiny 4. Emancipation
34Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired. 1. Gettysburg 2. Ft Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired? 1.Gettysburg 2.Ft. Monroe 3.Appomatox Courthouse 4.Ft. Sumter
35According to the Kansas-Nebraska Act, who would decide if Kansas and Nebraska would have slaves? 1.President 2.Congress 3.Citizens 4.Slave owners
36Who was the President of the Confederacy. 1. Jefferson Davis 2 Who was the President of the Confederacy? 1.Jefferson Davis 2.Abraham Lincoln 3.Ulysses S. Grant 4.Robert E. Lee
37Who was the Confederate general who surrendered and brought about the end of the Civil War? 1.Robert E. Lee 2.Abraham Lincoln 3.Ulysses S. Grant 4.Stonewall Jackson
38What famous American focused efforts on the poor housing conditions of immigrants? 1. Booker T. Washington 2. Jane Addams 3. Abigail Adams 4. W.E.B. DuBois
39The system of laws that made racially discriminatory practices legal was called: 1. “Jim Crow" 2. "The Negro Leagues" 3. "Reconstruction" 4. "Business As Usual"
40Which African American leader is INCORRECTLY linked with their political philosophy? 1. W.E.B. DuBois - full political equality 2. Frederick Douglass - Emancipation and Suffrage 3. Booker T. Washington - social separation of the races 4. Harriett Tubman - Reconstruction
41Which of the following statements is NOT true about late 1800s workplaces? 1. Children as young as 8 years old worked in some factories 2. There were no safety devices on assembly lines. 3. The invention of electric lights meant factories were well lit. 4. There was no insurance available to help injured workers pay their bills.
42The Progressive Movement of the late 1800s primarily focused on achieving which of the following reforms? 1. ending slavery 2. improving unfair working conditions 3. improving transportation 4. reducing the use of liquor
43Which of the following was NOT a result of the Spanish-American War. 1 . Which of the following was NOT a result of the Spanish-American War? 1. The U.S. emerged as a serious world power in international affairs. 2. The U.S. gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. 3. Yet another Treaty of Paris was signed. 4. Cuba remained a Spanish protectorate on a 100-year lease.
44Which of the following countries were included in the Allies. 1 Which of the following countries were included in the Allies? 1.Great Britain, France, and Germany 2.Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey 3.Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Great Britain 4.Great Britain, France, and Russia
45What was the name of the peace plan that was proposed by the U. S What was the name of the peace plan that was proposed by the U.S. president at the end of World War I? 1.Plan for Peace 2.Paris Peace Agreement 3.Fourteen Points 4.Zimmerman telegraph
46Which of the following was NOT a cause for World War I. 1 Which of the following was NOT a cause for World War I? 1.Imperialism 2.Nationalism 3.Armistice 4.Militarism
47During the first few years of World War I, the United States: 1 During the first few years of World War I, the United States: 1.fought bravely 2.chose to remain neutral 3.sent troops to Europe 4.Refused to trade with European countries