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Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches.

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Presentation on theme: "Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches."— Presentation transcript:

1 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 1 Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Curt-Engelhorn Chair in American History Prof. Dr. Manfred Berg Winter Term 2008/2009 The Reluctant Empire? U.S. Foreign Relations in the 20th Century

2 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The Vietnam War The Origins of American Involvement The Escalation of the War The Conduct of the War In Search of Peace with Honor The War at Home

3 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The Domino Theory You have a row of dominoes set up. You knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is the certainty that it will go over very quickly. So you could have the beginning of a disintegration that would have the most profound influences. U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1954

4 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The Historians Vietnam Debate Quagmire Flawed Containment Bureaucratic Blundering Imperialism

5 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Ho Chi Minh, The entire Vietnamese people are determined to mobilize all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice their lives and property in order to safeguard their independence and liberty. Vietnamese Declaration of Independence, 1945

6 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Indochina

7 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Ngo Dinh Diem, Appointed Prime Minister of South Vietnam by Emperor Bo Đi in 1954 President Republic of Vietnam, Executed during successful coup d'état led by Gen. Dương Văn Minh, Nov. 1, 1963

8 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Lyndon B. Johnson, U.S. Rep., U.S. Senator, U.S. Vice President, U.S. President,

9 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Gulf of Tonkin Resolution The Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, as Commander in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression. U.S. Congress, August 10, 1964

10 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Operation Rolling Thunder

11 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg General William Westmoreland, Served in U.S. Army from 1936 to 1972 Deputy Commander of Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), U.S. Army Chief of Staff,

12 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Robert McNamara, b.1916 U.S. Sec. of Defense, President of the World Bank,

13 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Search and Destroy

14 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg My Lai, May 1968

15 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Napalm

16 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Tet Offensive, January 1968 The U.S. military suffers casualties during a VC attack near Tan Son Nhut Airport on January 31, Two U.S. Marines battle Communist troops inside the walls of the Citadel at Hue.

17 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Richard Nixon, U.S. Rep., U.S. Senator, U.S. Vice President, U.S. President,

18 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The Paris Peace Talks North Vietnamese Diplomat, Le Duc Tho, and then National Security Advisor, Henry Kissinger, meet in Paris, 1973.

19 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Christmas Bombings, 1972

20 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Saigon, April 1975 Helicopters transport the last remaining U.S. officials and citizens from the roof of the U.S. Embassy, 1975 U.S. soldiers attempt to maintain order at the U.S. Embassy during the evacuation.

21 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Senator J. William Fulbright, U.S. Rep., U.S. Senator, Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee,

22 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Draft Card Burning

23 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Kent State, May 4, 1970

24 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Hanoi Jane Fonda

25 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg POW/MIA

26 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Rambo

27 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Vietnam Memorial Wall

28 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Vietnam Heroes

29 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Vietnam Nurses Memorial

30 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg No More Vietnams War Powers Act 1973 The Vietnam Syndrome Post Vietnam Strategy: Popular Support Guaranteed Victory Exit Strategy


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