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Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches.

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Presentation on theme: "Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches."— Presentation transcript:

1 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 1 Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Curt-Engelhorn Chair in American History Prof. Dr. Manfred Berg Winter Term 2008/2009 The Reluctant Empire? U.S. Foreign Relations in the 20th Century

2 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The End of the Cold War The Second Cold War and the New Arms Race Third World Interventions U.S. – Soviet Negotiations during the Gorbachev Era The Fall of Communism and the Reunification of Europe and Germany The Gulf War of 1991 Humanitarian Intervention

3 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Ronald W. Reagan, One-time broadcaster, actor and head of the Screen Actors Guild Governor of California, U.S. President,

4 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Strategic Defense Initiative

5 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The German Peace Movement

6 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Jeanne Kirkpatrick, Ronald Reagans Foreign Affairs Advisor in the 1980 presidential campaign U.N. Ambassador, Famous for her "Kirkpatrick Doctrine," which advocates U.S. support of anticommunist governments, including authoritarian dictatorships Co-founded the public policy org. Empower America, 1993

7 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Reagan Doctrine, 1985 Our mission is to nourish and defend freedom and democracy! To this end the U.S. would support those on every continent, from Afghanistan to Nicaragua to defy Soviet-supported aggression and to secure rights which have been ours from birth… Support for freedom fighters is self-defense.

8 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Afghan Mujahadeen in the 1980s

9 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The Contras in Nicaragua

10 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Mikhail Sergevich Gorbachev, b General Sec. of the Communist Party, Introduced the policy of openness or Glasnost, 1985 Advocated economic reforms known as Perestroika, 1987 In 1987 he called for democratization: the infusion of democratic elements such as multi-candidate elections into the Soviet political process Nobel Peace Prize winner, 1990

11 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall! President Reagan delivers his famous speech at the Berlin Wall in West Berlin, June 12, 1987.

12 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg INF Treaty 1987 Requires both superpowers to eliminate all land-based nuclear missiles with a range of 500 to 5,500 kilometers Ranks as the first true nuclear arms reduction agreement

13 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan, 1989

14 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Solidarnosc, 1980

15 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg East German Refugees, 1989

16 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The Fall of the Berlin Wall

17 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg President George H. W. Bush, b U.S. Representative, Ambassador to the United Nations, Republican National Committee Chairman, Director of the CIA, U.S. Vice President, U.S. President,

18 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg U.S. Conditions for German Reunification United Germany must remain firmly integrated into the Western Alliance Unification must be achieved by peaceful and consensual means Germany must acknowledge the consolidated territories of East and West Germany as its final borders.

19 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg U.S.-Soviet Summit 1990

20 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Saddam Hussein,

21 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The New World Order, 1990 A new world order can emerge…a new era – freer from the threat of terror, stronger in the pursuit of justice, and more secure in the quest for peace…in which [all] nations of the world can prosper and live in harmony…a world where the rule of law supplants the law of the jungle. President George H. W. Bush

22 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Operation Desert Storm, 1991

23 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg The Palestinian–Israeli Peace, 1993

24 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Somalia 1993: Black Hawk Down

25 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Rwandan Genocide of 1994

26 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Dayton Peace Treaty, 1995 Balkan Leaders sign the Dayton Peace Treaty as NATO Leaders look on. Croats Muslims Serbs

27 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg (Left) American Airlines 11 and United Airlines 175 crash into the Towers at the World Trade Center (Above) The Pentagon in flames after the crash of American Airlines 77

28 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg Thank You for Your Attention!


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