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Esthetica - moderne periode I: Hume Introductie Hume Wat is “smaak”? Historische context: Baumgarten; empiristische esthetica Algemene aspecten van Hume.

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Presentation on theme: "Esthetica - moderne periode I: Hume Introductie Hume Wat is “smaak”? Historische context: Baumgarten; empiristische esthetica Algemene aspecten van Hume."— Presentation transcript:

1 Esthetica - moderne periode I: Hume Introductie Hume Wat is “smaak”? Historische context: Baumgarten; empiristische esthetica Algemene aspecten van Hume ’ s filosofie “Of the standard of taste”: Hume over de esthetische ervaring

2 David Hume A Treatise of Human Nature ( ) Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary (1741 sqq.) An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1748) An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) The Natural History of Religion (1757) History of England (6 vols., ) Dialogues concerning Natural Religion (1778)

3 Esthetische Experimenten: Hogarth

4 Esthetische Experimenten: Fechner

5 Historische Context: Baumgarten § 1: scientia cognitionis sensitivae § 17: infra distinctionem § 14: finis est perfectio cognitionis sensitivae, haec autem est pulchritudo § 18: pulchritudo est consensus cogitationum inter se ad unum, quid phaenomenon sit

6 Context: Empiristische esthetica Shaftesbury (Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of S.; ): The Moralists, 1709; Characteristics 1711 Joseph Addison ( ): Essays in the “Spectator” Francis Hutcheson ( ): An Inquiry into the Origins of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue 1725 Edmund Burke ( ): A philosophical Enquiry into the Origins of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful 1757 William Hogarth ( ): The Analysis of Beauty 1753

7 Hume -Experiment; science of man “render all our principles as universal as possible, by tracing up our experiments to the utmost, and explaining all effects from the simplest and fewest causes, ‘tis still certain we cannot go beyond experience” -Perceptions: Impressions - ideas -Reason vs. Sentiment; ‘moral’ certainty -Standards not fixed a priori -Truth niet centraal voor esthetische oordelen If we take in our hand any volume;... let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number? No. Does it contain any experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact? No. Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry an illusion.

8 Hume: Esthetische Ervaring -Delicacy -Practice in a particular art -Comparison -Free from all prejudice -Context -The “good critic” -All sentiment is right


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